Here you will find links and resources referenced in Oak Meadow’s high school courses. Find your course below to find all the links from the coursebooks.

These external resources have been reviewed and vetted by our Oak Meadow teachers. While they are not owned by Oak Meadow, they can be a valuable supplement to the Oak Meadow curriculum.

We strive to make sure that all of our links are intact. If you find anything that seems to be missing or out of place, please let us know.

### Click here for our K-8 Curriculum Links >

## High School Courses

### Advanced Mathematics

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 1 (Textbook Lessons 1 – 4)

1: *Geometry Review*

Instructional Video: Points, Lines and Planes (collinear and coplanar points)

Instructional Video: Naming Angles

Reading Resource and Instructional Video: Angle basics and Angle Addition Postulate

Instructional Video: Segment Addition Postulate

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Instructional Video: Linear Pairs and Vertical Angles

Practice Set: Identifying Complementary, Supplementary, and Vertical Angle Pairs

Instructional Video: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Practice Set: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Instructional Video: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Practice Set: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Instructional Video: Area and Circumference of Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Area of a Circle

Instructional Video: Arc Length and Sector Area

Geogebra Investigation: Test Your Skills with Arc Length and Sector Area

2: *More on Area, Cylinders, Cones, Prisms, Pyramids, Spheres*

Instructional Video: Area and Perimeter of rectangles and squares

Instructional Video: Finding the Area of a Triangle

Practice Set: Finding the Area of a Triangle

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Prisms

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cylinders

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Pyramids

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of Pyramid is ⅓ Volume of Prism

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cones

Instructional Video: Surface Areas and Volumes of Spheres

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of a Sphere

3: *Pythagorean Theorem, Triangle Inequalities, Similar Polygons, Similar Triangles*

Instructional Video: Pythagorean Triples

Reading Resource: Pythagorean Triples

Instructional Video: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem with Examples

Geogebra Investigation: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

Instructional Video: Polygon or Non-Polygon?

Instructional Video: Classifying Polygons

Geogebra Investigation: Regular Polygons

Instructional Video: Similar Polygon Overview and Solving for Missing Parts

Instructional Video: Using Geometric Mean with Right Triangles

4: *Constructions*

Instructional Video: Construction Duplicating Line Segments and Angles

Instructional Video: Construction Angle Bisector

Instructional Video: Constructing a Perpendicular Bisector

Instructional Video: Constructing Triangles

Instructional Video: Constructing Parallel Lines through a Given Point

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 2 (Textbook Lessons 5 – 8)

5: *Exponents and Radicals, Complex Numbers, Areas of Similar Geometric Figures, Diagonals of Rectangular Solids*

Instructional Video: Evaluating Fractional Exponents

Instructional Video: Simplifying More Complicated Expressions with Fractional Exponents

Instructional Video: Intro to i

Instructional Video: Intro to Complex Numbers

Practice Set: Intro to Complex Numbers

Instructional Video: Simplifying Radicals with i

Practice Set: Simplifying Roots of Negative Numbers

Instructional Video: Ratio of Perimeter and Area of Similar Figures

Instructional Video: Intro to the Pythagorean Theorem

Practice Set: Using the Pythagorean Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Visual Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem (book includes 4 activities)

6: *Fractional Equations, Radical Equations, Systems of Three Linear Equations*

Instructional Video: Solving Rational Equations 1

Instructional Video: Solving Rational Equations 2

Instructional Video: Solving Radical Equations 1

Instructional Video: Solving Radical Equations 2

Instructional Video: Solving Triple Systems

7: *Inductive and Deductive Reasoning, Logic, The Contrapositive, Converse and Inverse*

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 1

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 2

Reading Resource: Inductive Reasoning

Instructional Video: Conditional and Converse Statements

Instructional Video: Conjectures and Counterexamples

Instructional Video: Inverse and Contrapositive Statements

Instructional Video: Truth tables, conjunctions and disjunctions

8: *Statements of Similarity, Proportional Segments, Angle Bisectors and Side Ratios*

Instructional Video: Similarity Statements

Instructional Video: Using Proportions to Find Missing Sides of Similar Figures

Instructional Video: Using the Triangle Proportionality Theorem

Instructional Video: Transversal Proportionality Theorem

Instructional Video: Using the Angle Bisector Theorem

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 3 (Textbook Lessons 9-12)

9: *Congruent Figure, Proof Outlines*

Instructional Video: Triangle Congruence by SSS

Geogebra Investigation: SSS Demonstration

Instructional Video: SAS Congruence with Example Proof

Instructional Video: ASA vs. AAS

Quizlet Flashcards: ASA vs. AAS

Geogebra Investigation: Triangle Congruence Shortcuts

Instructional Video: Proof with ASA or AAS

Instructional Video: HL with proof examples

Instructional Video: Intro to Two-Column Proofs

10: *Equation of a Line, Rational Denominators, Completing the Square*

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from a graph

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from two points

Instructional Video: Writing Equations of Lines

Instructional Video: Graphing lines in y=mx+b form

Practice Set: Graphing lines

Instructional Video: Rationalizing Denominators

Instructional Video: Completing the Square

11: *Circles, Properties of Circles, the Quadratic Formula*

Instructional Video: Major Arcs, Minor Arcs, and Semicircles

Instructional Video: Congruent Arcs

Instructional Video: Arc Addition Postulate

Geogebra Investigation: Exploring Arcs and Angles

Instructional Video: Chord and Diameter Theorems

Geogebra Investigation: Chords, Secants, and Tangents

Geogebra Investigation: Diameters and Chords

Instructional Video: Inscribed Angles

Practice Set: Inscribed Angles

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Quadrilaterals

Instructional Video: Tangents and Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents to Circles

Instructional Video: Tangents and Chords

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents and Chords

Instructional Video: Arcs and Angles Formed by Chords

Geogebra Investigation: Angles Formed by Chords

Instructional Video: Chord Lengths

Geogebra Demonstration: Chord Lengths

Instructional Video: The Quadratic Formula

12: *Angles and Diagonals in Polygons, Proof of the Chord-Tangent Theorem*

Instructional Video: Angles and Diagonals in Polygons

Geogebra Investigation: Exterior Angles in a Polygon

Instructional Video: Proof of the Inscribed Angle Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Angles

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 4 (Textbook Lessons 13-16)

13: *Intersecting Secants, Intersecting Secants and Tangents, Products of Chord Segments, Products of Secant and Tangent Segments*

Instructional Video: Arcs and Angles Formed by Chords

Geogebra Investigation: Angles Formed by Chords

Instructional Video: Intersecting Secants and Tangents

Instructional Video: Products of Chords, Secants, and Tangents

14: *Sine, Cosine, and Tangent, Angles of Elevation and Depression, Rectangular and Polar Coordinates, Coordinate Conversion*

Instructional Video: Intro to Trig Ratios

Geogebra Practice Set: Test Your Trig Ratio Skills

Instructional Video: Solving for Sides in a Right Triangle

Instructional Video: Solving Right Triangles with Inverse Trig Functions

Geogebra Practice Set: Test your skills with Inverse Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Angles of Elevation and Depression

Instructional Video: Word Problem Examples with Angles of Elevation and Depression

Geogebra Investigation: Angles of Elevation and Depression

Instructional Video: Polar Coordinates

Instructional Video: Convert Rectangular to Polar Coordinates

Instructional Video: Convert Polar to Rectangular Coordinates

15: *Assumptions, Proofs*

Instructional Video: Intro to Two-Column Proofs

Instructional Video: Flowchart and Paragraph Proofs

Instructional Video: Additional Example of a Two-Column Proof

Instructional Video: Additional Example of SAS Proof

16: *Complex Fractions, Abstract Equations, Division of Polynomials*

Instructional Video: Simplifying Complex Fractions 1

Instructional Video: Simplifying Complex Fractions 2

Instructional Video: Simplifying Complex Fractions 3

Instructional Video: Solving Abstract Equations

Instructional Video: Intro to Polynomial Division

Instructional Video: Polynomial Division with Placeholders and Remainders

Practice Set: Polynomial Division

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 5 (Textbook Lessons 17-20)

17: *Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem, Proofs of Similarity*

Instructional Video: Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem

Instructional Video: Triangle Similarity Theorems

Practice Set: Determining Similar Triangles

Instructional Video: Example of a Two-Column Triangle Similarity Proof

18: *Advanced Word Problems*

Instructional Video: Triple System Word Problems

Instructional Video: Inverse Variation Word Problems

Instructional Video: Mixture Word Problem 1

Instructional Video: Mixture Word Problem 2

19: *Nonlinear Systems, Factoring Exponentials, Sum and Difference of Two Cubes*

Instructional Video: Nonlinear Systems 1

Instructional Video: Nonlinear Systems 2

Instructional Video: Difference of Two Squares

Practice Set: Difference of Two Squares

Instructional Video: Sum of Two Cubes

Instructional Video: Difference of Two Cubes

20: *Two Special Triangles*

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 45-45-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 30-60-90 Triangles

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 6 (Textbook Lessons 21-24)

21: *Evaluating Functions, Domain and Range, Types of Functions, Tests for Functions*

Instructional Video: Evaluating Functions

Instructional Video: Domain and Range Examples

Instructional Video: Set Notation

Instructional Video: What is a Function?

Instructional Video: Vertical and Horizontal Line Tests

22: *Absolute Value, Reciprocal Functions*

Instructional Video: Intro to Absolute Value

Instructional Video: Matching Number Lines to Absolute Value Inequalities

Instructional Video: Graphs of Reciprocal Functions

23: *The Exponential Function, Sketching Exponentials*

Instructional Video: Intro to Exponential Functions

Instructional Video: Graphing Exponential Functions

Geogebra Investigation: Graphs of Exponential Functions

24: *Sums of Trigonometric Functions, Combining Functions*

Instructional Video: Trig Functions in Special Right Triangles

Instructional Video: Combining Functions

Instructional Video: Composition of Functions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 7 (Textbook Lessons 25-28)

25: *Age Problems, Rate Problems*

Instructional Video: Age Problem

Instructional Video: Rate Problem 1

Instructional Video: Rate Problem 2

26: *The Logarithmic Form of the Exponential, Logarithmic Equations*

Instructional Video: Converting between Logarithmic and Exponential Form

Instructional Video: Solving Logarithmic Equations

27: *Related Angles, Signs of Trigonometric Functions*

Instructional Video: Related Angles (focus on examples in degrees only)

Instructional Video: Signs of Trig Functions

28: *Factorial Notation, Abstract Rate Problems*

Instructional Video: Factorials

Instructional Video: Abstract Rate Problems

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 8 (Textbook Lessons 29-32)

29: *The Unit Circle, Very Large and Very Small Fractions, Quadrantal Angles*

Instructional Video: Unit Circle Basics

Instructional Video: Quadrantal Angles

30: *Adding Vectors, Overlapping Triangles*

Instructional Video: Adding Vectors

Instructional Video: Proofs with Overlapping Triangles

31: *Symmetry, Reflections, Translations*

Instructional Video: Functional Symmetry

Instructional Video: Reflections of Functions

Instructional Video: Translations of Functions

Geogebra Investiga: Transformations of Functions

32: *Inverse Functions, Four Quadrant Signs, Inverse Trigonometric Functions*

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Functions

Instructional Video: Finding an Inverse Algebraically

Instructional Video: Four Quadrant Signs

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Sine

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Cosine

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Tangent

Instructional Video: Additional Inverse Trig Examples

Practice Set: Inverse Trig Functions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 9 (Textbook Lesson 33-36)

33: *Quadrilaterals, Properties of Parallelograms, Types of Parallelograms, Conditions for Parallelograms, Trapezoids*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Quadrilaterals

Practice Set: Identifying Quadrilaterals

Instructional Video: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms 2

Instructional Video: Properties of Rectangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Rectangle Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Squares

Geogebra Demonstration: Square Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Rhombuses

Geogebra Demonstration: Rhombus Properties

Instructional Video: Showing a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram

Reading Resource: Properties of Parallelograms

Instructional Video with Practice Set: Quadrilateral Hierarchy

Instructional Video: Properties of Isosceles Trapezoids

Instructional Video: Examples of Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Isosceles Trapezoid Properties

34: *Summation Notation, Linear Regression, Decomposing Functions*

Instructional Video: Summation Notation

Practice Set: Summation Notation

Instructional Video: Intro to Linear Regression

Instructional Video: Linear Regression

Instructional Video: Decomposing Functions

35: *Change in Coordinates, The Name of a Number, The Distance Formula*

Instructional Video: Directed Distance

Instructional Video: Using the Distance Formula

36: *Angles Greater than 360, Sums of Trigonometric Functions, Boat in the River Problems*

Instructional Video: Angles Greater than 360 Intro

Instructional Video: Finding Exact Values of Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Boat in the River Problems

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 10 (Textbook Lessons 37-40)

37: *The Line as a Locus, The Midpoint Formula*

Instructional Video: The Line as a Locus

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Finding Midpoints

38: *Fundamental Counting Principle and Permutations, Designated Roots, Overall Average Rate*

Instructional Video: Fundamental Counting Principle and Permutations

Instructional Video: Designated Roots

Instructional Video: Overall Average Rate

39: *Radian Measure of Angles, Forms of Linear Equations*

Instructional Video: Intro to Radians

Instructional Video: Converting Between Degrees and Radians

Practice Set: Converting Radians and Degrees

Instructional Video: Radian Angles in Quadrants

Practice Set: Radians in the Unit Circle

Instructional Video: Forms of Linear Equations (Standard/General, slope-intercept, point-slope)

Instructional Video: Double Intercept Form of a Line

Practice Set: Linear Equations

40: *The Argument in Mathematics, The Laws of Logarithms, Properties of Inverse Functions*

Instructional Video: The Argument

Instructional Video: Properties of Logs

Instructional Video: Verifying Inverse Functions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 11 (Textbook Lessons 41-44)

41: *Reciprocal Trigonometric Functions, Permutation Notation*

Instructional Video: Reciprocal Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Evaluating Reciprocal Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Permutation Notation

42: *Conic Sections, Circles, Constants in Exponential Functions*

Instructional Video: Intro to Conic Sections

Instructional Video: Writing an Equation of a Circle from a Graph

Instructional Video: Graphing a Circle from its Equation

Practice Set: Graph a Circle from its Equation

Geogebra Investigation: Relating a Circle and its Equation

Instructional Video: Graphing Exponential Functions

43: *Periodic Functions, Graphs of sin and cos*

Instructional Video: Intro to Periodic Functions

Instructional Video: Graphs of sin and cos

Instructional Video: Graphs of sin and cos with Amplitude and Period (focus on Amplitude)

Geogebra Investigation: Amplitude of Sine and Cosine

44: *Abstract Rate Problems*

Instructional Video: Rate Problems from Textbook

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 12 (Textbook Lessons 45-48)

45: *Conditional Permutations, Two-Variable Analysis Using a Graphing Calculator*

Instructional Video: Conditional Permutations

Instructional Video: Linear Regression on a TI84 Graphing Calculator

46: *Complex Roots, Factoring Over the Complex Numbers*

Instructional Video: Writing Equations Given Complex Roots

Instructional Video: Solving Quadratics with Complex Roots

Practice Set: Solving Quadratics with Complex Roots

47: *Vertical Sinusoid Translations, Arctan*

Instructional Video: Horizontal and Vertical Transformation of Sin and Cos (focus on vertical)

Instructional Video: Vertical Transformation of Sin and Cos

Geogebra Investigation: Amplitude and Vertical Translation of Sine and Cosine

Instructional Video: Arctan Example

48: *Powers of Trigonometric Functions, Perpendicular Bisectors*

Instructional Video: Powers of Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Perpendicular Bisector

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 13 (Textbook Lessons 49-52)

49: *The Logarithmic Function, Development of the Rules for Logarithms*

Instructional Video: Intro to Log Graphs

Instructional Video: Proofs of Log Properties

50: *Trigonometric Equations*

Instructional Video: Solving Trig Equations *Ignore the +2n part of the solution for now

51: *Common Logarithms and Natural Logarithms*

Instructional Video: Common vs. Natural Log

52: *The Inviolable Argument, Arguments in Trigonometric Equations*

Instructional Video: The Inviolable Argument

Instructional Video: Arguments in Trig Equations

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 14 (Textbook Lessons 53-56)

53: *Review of Unit Multipliers, Angular Velocity*

Instructional Video: Unit Multipliers

Instructional Video: Linear and Angular Velocity

Instructional Video: Angular Velocity Example

54: *Parabolas*

Instructional Video: Parabola Vertex and Axis of Symmetry

Practice Set: Properties of Parabolas

Instructional Video: Graphing by Completing the Square with Negative Coefficient

Instructional Video: Graphing by Completing the Square with a>1

55: *Circular Permutations, Distinguishable Permutations*

Instructional Video: Linear and Circular Permutations

Instructional Video: Distinguishable Permutations

56: *Triangular Areas, Areas of Segments, Systems of Inequalities*

Instructional Video: Area of Triangles

Instructional Video: Area of a Trapezoid

Practice Set: Finding Area of a Trapezoid

Instructional Video: Area of Sectors and Segments in Circles

Instructional Video: Systems of Linear and Quadratic Inequalities

Instructional Video: Systems of Linear and Circle Inequalities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 15 (Textbook Lessons 57-60)

57: *Phase Shifts in Sinusoids, Period of a Sinusoid*

Instructional Video: Phase Shifts

Instructional Video: Period, Amplitude and Phase Shift

Geogebra Investigation: Transformations of a sine graph

58: *Distance From a Point to a Line, Narrow and Wide Parabolas*

Instructional Video: Distance Between a Point and a Line

Practice Set: Distance Between a Point and a Line

Instructional Video: How Leading Coefficient Affects Shape of Parabola

Instructional Video: Graphing Parabola with Leading Coefficient

59: *Advanced Logarithm Problems, The Color of the White House*

Instructional Video: Solving Log Equations

Instructional Video: Solving Log Equations 2

Instructional Video: “Color of the White House” Problems

60: *Factorable Trigonometric Equations, Loss of Solutions Caused by Division*

Instructional Video: Factoring Trig Equations GCF

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 16 (Textbook Lessons 61-64)

61: *Single Variable Analysis, The Normal Distribution, Box and Whisker Plots*

Instructional Video: Standard Deviation

Instructional Video: Into to Normal Distribution

Instructional Video: Constructing Box and Whisker Plots

Instructional Video: Reading Box and Whisker Plots

Instructional Video: Interpreting Box and Whisker Plots

62: *Abstract Coefficients, Linear Variation*

Instructional Video: Abstract Coefficients and Linear Variation

63: *Circles and Completing the Square*

Instructional Video: Circles and Completing the Square

64: *The Complex Plane, Polar Form of a Complex Number, Sums and Products of Complex Numbers*

Instructional Video: The Complex Plane

Instructional Video: Polar Form of a Complex Number

Instructional Video: Sums and Products of Complex Numbers (complete Saxon lesson)

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 17 (Textbook Lessons 65-68)

65: *Radicals in Trigonometric Equations, Graphs of Logarithmic Functions*

Instructional Video: Trig Equation with Radical

Instructional Video: Graphs of Log Functions

66: *Formulas for Systems of Equations, Phase Shifts and Period Changes*

Instructional Video: Formula for Systems of Equations with Phase Shifts and Period Changes

67: *Antilogarithms*

Instructional Video: Antilogarithm on a Graphing Calculator

Instruction Video: Antilogarithm on Scientific Calculator

68:* Locus Definition of a Parabola, Translate Parabolas, Applications, Derivation*

Instructional Video: Locus of a Parabola

Instructional Video: Finding Focus and Directrix from Equation

Instructional Video: Finding Equation of Parabola given Vertex and Focus

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 18 (Textbook Lessons 69-72)

69: *Matrices, Determinants*

Instructional Video: Intro to Matrices

Instructional Video: Determinants 2×2

70: *Percentiles and Z Scores*

Instructional Video: Percentiles and Z Scores

71: *The Ellipse (1)*

Instructional Video: Ellipses

Practice Set: Ellipses

72: *One Side Plus Two Other Parts, Law of Sines*

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for a Side

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for an Angle

Practice Set: Law of Sines

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 19 (Textbook Lessons 73-76)

73: *Regular Polygons*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area of Regular Polygons

74: *Cramer’s Rule*

Instructional Video: Cramer’s Rule

75: *Combinations*

Instructional Video: Intro to Combinations

Instructional Video: Combination Formula

Practice Set: Combinations

76: *Functions of (-x), Functions of the Other Angle, Trigonometric Identities (1), Rules of the Game*

Instructional Video: Even and Odd Functions (Trig)

Instructional Video: Complementary Angles (Trig)

Instructional Video: Verifying Trig Identities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 20 (Textbook Lessons 77-80)

77: *Binomial Expansions (1)*

Instructional Video: Binomial Expansion

78: *The Hyperbola*

Instructional Video: Hyperbola

79: *De Moivre’s Theorem, Roots of Complex Numbers*

Instructional Video: De Moivre’s Theorem

Instructional Video: Roots of Complex Numbers

80: *Trigonometric Identities (2)*

Instructional Video: Pythagorean Trig Identities

Instructional Video: Verifying Trig Identities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 21 (Textbook Lessons 81-84)

81: *Law of Cosines*

Instructional Video: Solving for a Side with the Law of Cosines

Instructional Video: Solving for an Angle with the Law of Cosines

Practice Set: Law of Cosines

Instructional Video: Some Examples Using Law of Sines and Cosines

82: *Taking the Logarithm of, Exponential Equations*

Instructional Video: Solving Exponential Equations with Logs

83:* Simple Probability, Independent Events, Replacement*

Instructional Video: Simple Probability

Instructional Video: Independent Events

Instructional Video: Examples with and without Replacement

84: *Factorable Expressions, Sketching Sinusoidals*

Instructional Video: Verifying Identities with Factoring 1

Instructional Video: Verifying Identities with Factoring 2

Instructional Video: Graphing Sine and Cosine

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 22 (Textbook Lessons 85-88)

85: *Advanced Trigonometric Equations, Clock Problems*

Instructional Video: Advanced Trig Equations

Instructional Video: Clock Problems

86: *Arithmetic Progressions and Arithmetic Means*

Instructional Video: Arithmetic Sequences

Instructional Video: Arithmetic Means

87: *Sum and Difference Identities, Tangent Identities*

Instructional Video: Sum and Difference of all Three Trig Functions with Examples

88: *Exponential Functions (Growth and Decay)*

Instructional Video: Exponential Decay

Instructional Video: Half-Life Applications

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 23 (Textbook Lessons 89-92)

89: *The Ellipse (2)*

Instructional Video: Write Equation Given Vertices and Foci

Instructional Video: Write Equation Given Axes and Center

90: *Double Angle Identities, Half Angle Identities*

Instructional Video: Half and Double Angle Identities

Instructional Video: Half and Double Angle Additional Examples

91: *Geometric Progressions*

Instructional Video: Geometric Sequences

Instructional Video: Finding Geometric Means

Practice Set: Geometric Sequences

92: *Probability of Either, Notations for Permutations and Combinations*

Instructional Video: Mutually Exclusive Events

Instructional Video: Permutations and Combinations

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 24 (Textbook Lessons 93-96)

93: *Advanced Trigonometric Identities, Triangle Inequalities (2)*

Instructional Video: Verifying Advanced Trig Identities

Instructional Video: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem with Examples

Geogebra Investigation: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

94: *Graphs of Secant and Cosecant, Graphs of Tangent and Cotangent*

Instructional Video: Secant and Cosecant Graphs

Instructional Video: Graphs of Tangent and Cotangent

95: *Advanced Complex Roots*

Instructional Video: Advanced Complex Roots

96: *More Double Angle Identities, Triangle Area Formula, Proof of the Law of Sines, Equal Angles Imply Proportional Sides*

Instructional Video: Area of a Triangle Using Sine

Instructional Video: Proof of the Law of Sines

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 25 (Textbook Lessons 97-100)

97: *The Ambiguous Case*

Instructional Video: Law of Sines the Ambiguous Case

98: *Change of Base, Contrived Logarithm Problems*

Instructional Video: Change of Base Formula

Practice Set: Change of Base

Instructional Video: Contrived Log Problems

99: *Sequence Notations, Advanced Sequence Problems, The Arithmetic and Geometric Means*

Instructional Video: Sequence Notation and Sequence Problems

Instructional Video: Arithmetic and Geometric Means

100: *Product Identities, More Sum and Difference Identities*

Instructional Video: Product Identities

Instructional Video: More Sum and Difference Identities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 26 (Textbook Lessons 101-104)

101: *Zero Determinants, 3×3 Determinants, Determinant Solutions of 3×3 Systems, Independent Equations*

Instructional Video: Zero Determinants

Instructional Video: 3×3 Determinants

Instructional Video: Determinant of a 3×3 Matrix (standard)

Instructional Video: Determinant of 3×3 Matrix (shortcut)

Practice Set: 3×3 Determinants

102: *Binomial Expansions (2)*

Instructional Video: More Examples of Binomial Expansion

103: *Calculations with Logarithms, Power of the Hydrogen*

Instructional Video: Expanding and Condensing Logarithms

Instructional Video: Power of Hydrogen

104: *Arithmetic Series, Geometric Series*

Instructional Video: Arithmetic Series

Instructional Video: Geometric Series

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 27 (Textbook Lessons 105-108)

105: *Cofactors, Expansion by Cofactors*

Instructional Video: Finding Cofactors

Instructional Video: Expansion by Cofactors

106: *Translations of Conic Sections, Equations of the Ellipse, Equations of the Hyperbola*

Instructional Video: Translations of Conic Sections

Instructional Video: Converting Ellipse from General Form to Standard Form

Instructional Video: Converting Hyperbola from General Form to Standard Form

107: *Convergent Geometric Series*

Instructional Video: Sum of an Infinite Geometric Series

108: *Matrix Addition and Multiplication*

Instructional Video: Adding and Subtracting Matrices

Instructional Video: Multiplying Matrices

Practice Set: Multiplying Matrices

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 28 (Textbook Lessons 109-112)

109: *Rational Numbers*

Instructional Video: Rational Numbers to Fractions Using Convergent Geometric Series

110: *Graphs of Arcsin and Arccosine, Graphs of Arsecant and Arccosecant, Graphs of Arctangent and Arccotangent*

Instructional Video: Graphs of Inverse Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Graphs of Inverse Trig Functions (Another Explantation)

111: *Logarithmic Inequalities: Base Greater Than 1, Logarithmic Inequalities: Base Less Than 1*

Instructional Video: Log Inequalities Base Greater Than 1

112: *Binomial Theorem*

Instructional Video: Finding a Specific Term in a Binomial Expansion

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 29 (Textbook Lessons 113-116)

113: *Synthetic Division, Zeros and Roots*

Instructional Video: Synthetic Division

Instructional Video: More Synthetic Division

114: *Graphs of Factored Polynomial Functions*

Instructional Video: Graphing Functions in Factored Form

Instructional Video: Additional Example

115: *The Remainder Theorem*

Instructional Video: Intro to the Remainder Theorem

Practice Set: Remainder Theorem

116: *The Region of Interest*

Instructional Video: Features of Polynomial Graphs

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 30 (Textbook Lessons 117-120)

117: *Prime and Relatively Prime Numbers, Rational Roots Theorem*

Instructional Video: Prime and Relatively Prime Numbers

Instructional Video: Rational Roots Theorem

118: *Roots of Polynomial Equations*

Instructional Video: Roots of Polynomials

119: *Descartes’ Rule of Signs, Upper and Lower Bound Theorem, Irrational Roots*

Instructional Video: Descartes’ Rule of Signs

Instructional Video: Upper and Lower Bound Theorem

120: *Matrix Algebra, Finding Inverse Matrices*

Instructional Video: Solving Systems of Equations with Matrices

Instructional Video: Finding the Inverse of a 2×2 Matrix

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 31 (Textbook Lessons 121-125)

121: *Piecewise Functions, Greatest Integer Function*

Instructional Video: Graphing Piecewise Functions 1

Instructional Video: Graphing Piecewise Functions 2

Instructional Video: Greatest Integer Function

122: *Graphs of Rational Functions, Graphs That Contain Holes*

Instructional Video: Graphs of Rational Functions

Instructional Video: Graphs that Contain Holes

123: *The General Conic Equation*

Instructional Video: Graphing Hyperbola

124: *Point of Division Formulas*

Instructional Video: Point of Division Formulas

### Biology

**General**

This weekly two-minute podcast from Science Underground has cool science facts.

Introduction to Biology

Lord of the Ants

Encyclopedia of Life

Understanding Science

Zooniverse

**Lesson 5**

Virtual Mitosis Lab: Replacement for the Rutger’s University *The Virtual Biology Labs*

**Lesson 6**

Mules and what happens when you breed two related animals with mismatched chromosomes

Video: Mendel’s peas and the basics of genetics

**Lesson 8**

Short video: DNA structure and function. It’s a good overview of the big picture behind several lessons, including protein synthesis, mutations, and natural selection.

Video: Hershey and Chase’s work, including actual photos of viruses and bacteria. This is also applicable to lesson 19.

**Lesson 9**

Video: GMOs, the importance of peer review in science, and the potential effects of political interest

Gene therapy, and its potential for treating blindness

Ted Talk: Kary Mullis: Play! Experiment! Discover!

**Lesson 10**

New findings about the DNA of ancient humans in Europe. It answers some questions about human evolution, linking genetic research to evolution and nutrition.

**Lesson 12**

NPR News report: Challenging the assumption that life evolved in the ocean and then moved to land when the ozone layer formed, protecting land from UV radiation. It’s another example of how science keeps changing with every new discovery!

Possibility of life originating on Mars! When reading these articles, always check out the comments by readers, as some of them share intelligent thoughts. It is the seemingly outlandish research such as this that eventually builds up to a credible scientific case.

New species of ancient human, Homo naledi, discovered in South Africa, just announced to the world in September, 2015.

**Lesson 22**

Video: Plant reproduction made simple

**Lesson 26**

Animal eye shape as related to their lifestyle. They even connect it to designing fictitious animals used in Hollywood movies!

### Chemistry Matters

**General Resources**

Brightstorm Chemistry

Khan Academy Chemistry

Bozeman Science Chemistry

“Citation and Style Guide Help”

**Lesson 1:** *Introduction to Chemistry and Matter*

“Gulf Oil Spill”

“How to Make Gold Pennies!”

“Lab Techniques & Safety: Crash Course Chemistry #21”

“Lab Equipment—Explained”

“Why Don’t the U.S., Myanmar, and Liberia Use the Metric System?”

“Line of Best Fit Equation”

“Excel Basics—Linear Regression—Finding Slope & Y Intercept”

“Linear Regression T184 (Line of Best Fit)”

“Hazard Communication Standard: Safety Data Sheets”

“Flinn Scientific Safety Data Sheet (SDS): Acetic Acid Solution 4.3 M–6 M”

**Lesson 2:** *Basic Building Materials*

The Copper Cycle—Acid, Deadly Gas and Blue Blood!

The Law of Conservation of Mass—Todd Ramsey

The Genius of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table—Lou Serico

**Lesson 3:** *A World of Particles*

“Make Atom Paper Snowflakes”

“The 2,400-Year Search for the Atom—Theresa Doud”

“What is the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle?—Chad Orzel”

“Radioactivity: Expect the Unexpected—Steve Weatherall”

“The Genius of Marie-Curie—Shohini Ghose”

**Lesson 4:** *Moving Electrons*

“Flame Tests of Metal Ions, with Labels”

“How Atoms Bond—George Zaidan and Charles Morton”

“Quantum Numbers, Atomic Orbitals, and Electron Configurations”

“Writing Electron Configurations”

“Electron Configurations: Orbital Box Diagrams”

“Electron Configurations of Ions, Atomic Structure and Properties, AP Chemistry, Khan Academy”

“The Molecular Shape of You (Ed Sheeran Parody), A Capella Science”

“Exceptions to Electron Configuration”

“Flinn Scientific Chem Fax! An Elemental Challenge”

**Lesson 5:** *Building with Matter*

“Creating a Conductivity Tester”

“Electrical Conductivity of Solutions”

“Atomic Hook-Ups—Types of Chemical Bonds: Crash Course Chemistry #22”

“How Does Electroplating Work, Reactions, Chemistry, FuseSchool”

**Lesson 6:** *Speaking of Molecules*

“Lab Rules—Dua Lipa ‘New Rules’ Parody, Science Songs”

“Chemistry of Fragrances: Lessons in Chemistry”

“Smells Lesson 3 Tutorial—HONC 1234 Rule”

“Lewis Dot Structures”

“How Do We Smell?—Rose Eveleth”

**Lesson 7:** *Building Molecules*

“VSEPR Theory and Molecular Geometry”

“VSEPR Theory: Introduction”

“Molecular Shapes: Basics”

“Molecule Shapes”

**Lesson 8:** *Molecules in Action*

“Polar & Non-Polar Molecules: Crash Course Chemistry #23”

“Intermolecular Forces and Boiling Points”

“What Are the Diatomic Elements?”

“Super Common Mistake: Diatomic Elements”

**Lesson 9:** *Molecules in the Body*

“Stereochemistry: Enantiomers”

“Isomers, Properties of Carbon, Biology, Khan Academy”

**Lesson 10:** *Physically Changing Matter*

“Soap Soufflé”

“The ABC’s of Gas: Avogadro, Boyles, Charles—Brian Bennett”

“CoCoRaHS Tutorial—How the Rain Gauge Works”

“How to Read a Weather Map”

“Charles’s Law, Physical Processes, MCAT, Khan Academy”

“Charles’s Law”

**Lesson 11:** *Pressing Matter*

“Boyle’s Law”

“Gay Lussac’s Law Practice Problems”

“Combined Gas Law”

“Boyle’s Law, Physical Processes, MCAT, Khan Academy”

**Lesson 12:** *Concentrating Matter*

National Mole Day Foundation Themes

“How Big Is a Mole? (Not the Animal, the Other One)—Daniel Dulek”

“Kinetic Molecular Theory and the Ideal Gas Laws”

“Introduction to Moles”

“Ideal Gas Law Introduction”

“Ideal Gas Law Practice Problems”

“Mole Road Map”

**Lesson 13:** *Toxic Changes*

“Periodic Videos”

“Hydrogen—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Exploding Hydrogen Bubbles”

“Balancing Chemical Equations”

“Physical and Chemical Changes”

“The Law of Conservation of Mass—Todd Ramsey”

“The Law of Conservation of Matter”

“Types of Chemical Reactions”

**Lesson 14:** *Measuring Toxins*

“Arsenic (New)—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Arsenic Life—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Calculate Molar Mass Practice Problems”

“Molar Mass”

**Lesson 15:** *Toxins in Solution*

“Chlorine—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Chlorine and War—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Molarity Practice Problems”

“Molarity and Dilution”

“Serial Dilution Method Protocol Step Wise Explanation”

**Lesson 16:** *Acidic Toxins*

“Calcium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“$500,000 of Calcium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What Is the Deadliest Substance on Earth? Toxicity Comparison”

“Acids and Bases, pH and pOH”

“Acid-Base Titration”

“Naming Acids Introduction”

**Lesson 17:** *Toxic Cleanup*

“Silver—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Silver Halides—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Stoichiometry—Chemistry for Massive Creatures: Crash Course Chemistry #6”

“Limiting Reagents and Percent Yield”

“Solution Chemistry and Net Ionic Equations”

“Mole Ratio Practice Problems”

**Lesson 18:** *Observing Energy*

“Iron—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Burning Iron in Liquid Oxygen—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What is Entropy?—Jeff Phillips”

“The Laws of Thermodynamics, Entropy, and Gibbs Free Energy”

“Heat Capacity, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry”

“Entropic Time (Backwards Billy Joel Parody,” A Capella Science”

**Lesson 19:** *Measuring Energy*

“Gallium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Melting Spoon in Tea—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Use a Fire Extinguisher”

“Combustion Reactions (3 of 11) Combustion Reactions, An Explanation”

“Calorimetry: Crash Course Chemistry #19”

“Food Calorimetry Lab: Explanation”

“Food Calorimetry Lab: Calculations”

“Hess’s Law and Heats of Formation”

**Lesson 20:** *Understanding Energy*

“Carbon—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Fire Safety System—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Activation Energy: Kickstarting Chemical Reactions—Vance Kite”

“Energy Diagrams, Catalysts, and Reaction Mechanisms”

**Lesson 21:** *Controlling Energy*

“Magnesium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Burning Magnesium in Water—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Make a Lemon Battery”

“Redox Reactions: Crash Course Chemistry #10”

“Electrochemistry”

“Oxidation-Reduction Reactions”

“Galvanic Cells (Voltaic Cells)

“How Batteries Work—Adam Jacobson”

**Lesson 22:** *Radiating Energy*

“Neon—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What is Light? Maxwell and the Electromagnetic Spectrum”

“History of the Speed of Light and Its Speed Was Determined”

“How X-Rays See Through Your Skin—Ge Wang”

“Is Radiation Dangerous?—Matt Anticole”

“Radiation Protection: Calculate Your Radiation Dose”

**Lesson 23:** *Chemical Equilibrium*

“Plutonium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Make Plutonium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What is Chemical Equilibrium?—George Zaidan and Charles Morton”

“Equilibrium: Crash Course Chemistry #28”

“Equilibrium”

**Lesson 24:** *Changing Conditions*

“Moscovium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“The Smelliest element—Livermorium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Tennesine—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Oganesson—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Le Châtelier’s Principle”

“Le Châtelier’s Principle”

“Equilibrium and Cobalt Complex Ions, Chemistry Minute”

“Secret Message—Sick Science #067” (video length 0:50)

**Semester Two Project**

“Elephant Toothpaste—Safe Easy World Record Recipe”

“Amazing 9 Layer Density Tower—Sick Science! #012” (Video length: 1:24)

“Secret Message—Sick Science #067” (Video length: 0:50)

“Mentos Geyser Experiment”

### Global Climate Change

**Lesson 1**

The Case to Recognise Indigenous Knowledge as Science

The Battle against Buffel: Protecting County and Culture

We All Smell the Smoke, We All Feel the Heat. This Environmental Catastrophe Is Global

**Lesson 2**

Updated link for “Citizen Science Gets Active and Organised:” Citizen Science Vital in Bushfire Recovery

What Is the ALA?

Zooniverse

iNaturalist

eBird, The Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Budburst, Chicago Botanic Garden

Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, and Snow Network

Plants and Climate Change

EarthEcho Water Challenge

Leaf Pack Network – Get Involved

“Examples of Citizen Science Projects Supported by EPA

SciStarter

Seventy-Five Scientific Research Projects You Can Contribute to Online

Indigenous Ecological Knowledge

**Lesson 3**

Mapped: How ‘Proxy’ Data Reveals the Climate of the Earth’s Distant Past

Visualizing Climate Change through Space and Time

A Brief History of Geologic Time

Tree Rings Simulation—Dendrochronology

About the Indigenous Seasons Calendars

Paleo Data Search

Australian Aboriginal Peoples’ Seasonal Knowledge: A Potential Basis for Shared Understanding in Environmental Management

**Lesson 4**

Are We Really Made of Stardust?

Feedback Loops: How Nature Gets Its Rhythms

**Lesson 5**

Big Oil Coined ‘Carbon Footprints’ to Blame Us for Their Greed. Keep Them on the Hook

ResearchGate

U. S. Carbon Footprint Difficult to Reduce

Carbon Calculator

How Big Is Your Environmental Footprint?

Carbon Footprint Calculator, EPA

Carbon Cycling in the Earth System

The 35 Easiest Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

His Epic Message Will Make You Want to Save the World

**Lesson 6**

American West(s): How the Yurok Tribe Is Reclaiming the Klamath River

Farming First Case Studies

There Are No Winners Here’: Drought in the Klamath Basin Inflames a Decades-Old War over Water and Fish

Introduction: Karuk Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Climate Change and Knowledge Sovereignty

**Lesson 7**

Inuit Artists on Their Changing Relationship with the Land and Sea

Disappearing Ice Is Threatening Native Alaskans’ Way of Life

Relocate or Rebuild? Indigenous Alaskans Are Forced to Choose

Arctic Sea Ice Extent

Activity: Greenhouse Gases

**Lesson 8**

Photographer Hopes to Draw Attention to Global Warming with Magnificent Polar Photos

Why on Earth Are Winters Getting Worse If the Planet Is Getting Warmer

Mass Gains of the Antarctic Ice Sheet Exceed Losses

Shoreward Intrusion of Oceanic Surface Waters Alters Physical and Biological Ocean Structures on the Antarctic Continental Shelf during Winter: Observations from Instrumented Seals

“Painting.” Artists and Climate Change

Atlas of Community-Based Monitoring and Indigenous Knowledge in a Changing Arctic

Animal Tales from Icy Wonderlands

**Lesson 9**

The Psychology of Climate Change—and How to Engage with It

Insomniami

Treehouse Climate Action Poem Prize

Love Poems in the Time of Climate Change

A Climate Change Poem for Today: The Solace of Artemis

Story Map: The Arctic—Closer than You Think

**Lesson 10**

The Animals That Will Survive Climate Change

Should Pandas Be Left to Face Extinction?

Namib – Encyclopedia Britannica

Namibia – Climate Change Knowledge Portal

Climate Change Effects on Desert Ecosystems: A Case Study on the Keystone Species of the Namib Desert Welwitschia Mirabilis

The Influence of Climate Fiction: An Empirical Survey of Readers

Recent Responses to Climate Change Reveal the Drivers of Species Extinction and Survival

**Lesson 11**

A History of FLICC: The 5 Techniques of Science Denial

Bill Nye’s Global Meltdown Climate Change Documentary

Before the Flood Full Movie National Geographic

Chasing Ice

Polar Extremes

**Lesson 12**

The Climate Crisis, Migration, and Refugees

**Lesson 13**

Indigenous Knowledge Meets Science to Take on Climate Change

24 Hours of Reality: ‘Earthrise’

**Lesson 14**

Quannah on Protecting the Arctic Wildlife Refuge

11-Year-Old Climate Activist Ridhima Pandey on Fighting Climate Change and Why India Is Vulnerable

Australian Students Plan School Strikes to Protest against Climate Inaction

‘It’s Time for Action’: Indigenous Water Activist Autumn Peltier to Speak at UN Forum

Leah Namugerwa: 16-Year Old Climate Activist on Mission to Replant Trees in Uganda

‘I’m Hopeful’: Jerome Foster, the 18-Year-Old Helping to Craft US Climate Policy

This Indigenous Teenager Is Fighting to Save the Amazon from Brazil’s Bolsonaro

NPR Student Podcast Challenge

Treehouse Climate Action Poem Prize

**Lesson 15**

The People Who Caused the Climate Crisis Aren’t the Ones Who Will Fix It

Online Infographic Maker to Create Your Own Infographic

**Lesson 16**

How We Survive: A Changing Mindset

Mitigation and Adaptation: Human Stories of Hope

Florida and the Rising Sea.” Surging Seas, Climate Central

**Lesson 17**

The Good News about Climate Change

Why Oil Country Is Turning to Wind Power

### Environmental Science for a Changing World

**Lesson 2:** *What is Environmental Science?*

“Tragedy of the Commons”

**Lesson 4:*** Exploring an Ecosystem Field Activity*

Nature’s Notebook

**Lesson 7:** *Biogeochemical Cycles*

Interactive diagram of the carbon cycle

**Lesson 9:** *Evolution and Species Interactions*

TED Talk by Sara Lewis:“The Loves and Lies of Fireflies.”

**Lesson 10:** *Communities and Ecology*

TED Talk by Paul Nicklen: “Animal Tales from Icy Wonderlands”

**Lesson 11:** *Exploration Labs*

“Ecological Succession: Change Is Good–Crash Course Ecology #6”

“Biomimicry’s Surprising Lessons from Nature’s Engineers”

“Biomimicry in Action”

You can start your research at www.asknature.org.

**Lesson 12:*** Biomes*

“Introduction to Biomes”

**Lesson 14:** *Biodiversity*

World Wildlife Fund

Living Planet Index

“Country Profiles”

IUCN Red List

“The IUCN Red List: A Barometer of Life”

**Lesson 15:** *Soundscape Ecology*

“The Voice of the Natural World”

“Natural Sounds”

“Soundscapes”

“Sophisticated Sonar of Wild Owls Hunting in the Arctic Forest”

Voices in the Sea

“Sounds in the Ocean”

**Lesson 16:** *Human Population*

It is fascinating to go to the world population clock (www.census.gov/popclock) and watch the numbers tick upward.

Census Website

“How Many People Can Live on Planet Earth?”

“Experts Be Damned: World Population Will Continue to Rise”

**Lesson 17:** *The Environment and Health*

“Amphibians Rarely Give Earliest Warning of Pollution”

“Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program”

Environmental Health News

**Lesson 20:** *Urbanization*

“Urban Growth Boundaries”

“Night Skies”

“Rate Your Night Sky”

International Dark-Sky Association

**Lesson 21:** *Exploring Our Impact*

Carbon calculator #1: “Carbon Calculator”

Carbon calculator #2: “Calculate Your Carbon Footprint”

If you know your country uses mostly nonrenewable energy (fossil fuels or nuclear), you can use this interesting map at www.eia.gov/state/ and choose a state that comes closest to what you think your country uses.

“What Is Your Ecological Footprint?”

“Carbon Footprint of Best Conserving Americans Is Still Double Global Average”

**Lesson 23:** *Soil*

Natural Resources Conservation Service website

“Collecting Crime Evidence from Earth”

**Lesson 26/27:** *Water*

Learn more about the current status of Lake Powell

National Geographic: Big, Bigger, Biggest Dam

**Lesson 28:** *The Atmosphere*

“The Antarctic Ozone Hole—From Discovery to Recovery, a Scientific Journey”

If you are interested in learning more, this website is also a very useful resource: www.theozonehole.com/odcs.htm. Under “History,” there is a two-minute video about how the ozone hole was discovered, “Discovery of the Ozone Hole/Natural History Museum” (also found on YouTube).

NASA’s ozone hole watch

**Lesson 29/30:** *Climate Change*

“Statement and Poem by Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Climate Summit 2014—Opening Ceremony”

Visit www.co2.earth, and find out the most recent concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, based on data collected from the Mauna Loa Observatory.

“General Circulation of the Atmosphere”

“Collapse of the Larsen B Ice Shelf”

“After the Larsen B”

“Miles of Ice Collapsing into the Sea”

**Lesson 31/32:** *Nonrenewable Energy*

Go to ted.com and look up Taylor Wilson. First listen to the very short and inspiring talk, “Yup, I Built a Nuclear Fusion Reactor.” Then listen to the 14-minute talk, “My Radical Plan for Small Nuclear Fission Reactors.”

“The True Cost of Oil”

**Lesson 33:** *Renewable Energy*

TED Talk by William Kamkwamba:“How I Harnessed the Wind”

“The Largest Dam in the World”

Sun Chart Program

**Lesson 34:** *Your Household Energy Consumption*

Energy Use of Home Appliances

**For Further Inspiration**

The Great Sunflower Project

“RoadkillGarneau” (Epicollect5)

“Citizen Science” (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

“Audobon Christmas Bird Count” (Audubon)

“Citizen Science” (National Wildlife Federation)

“Citizen Science” (Scientific American)

“Citizen Science” (NASA Science)

Zooniverse (a “master list” of citizen science projects)

### French II

**General**

How to Easily Type and Pronounce the 5 French Accents

TypeIt

Voice recordings

Flash Cards

Online dictionary

Verb conjugations

**Lesson 1**

“Meet the Youngest Winner of Paris’ Grand Prize for Best Baguette”

**Lesson 2**

Paris’s First Public Pools on the Seine Are a Major Success

**Lesson 3**

“L’Académie française se résout à la féminisation des noms de métiers”

Culture Prime: Héloïse Luzzati, ou la passion des compositrices

Les combinaisons de lettres et les sons en français

La prononciation des lettres en français

French Pronunciation—Les Voyelles Nasales “ON” “EN,” “AIN”

**Lesson 4**

Radio France Internationale—RFI

Radio France website

Radio France website/English version

**Lesson 5**

“PSG become first French club to join UN effort to tackle climate change”

Languages Online

**Lesson 6**

Stromae—Formidable (ceci n’est pas une leçon)

Angèle—Balance Ton Quoi

**Lesson 8**

“Haitian-Québécois author Marie-Célie Agnant visits Elon during Winter Term”

“Five Quebecois Writers You Should Know”

**Lesson 11**

“France moves ahead with bid to add climate protection to constitution”

“125 ans de loi forestière: un succès durable”

**Lesson 12**

“What is ringette?”

**Lesson 13**

Les Francofolies de La Rochelle 2021

**Lesson 15**

La jument de Michao

Manau—Mais Qui Est La Belette

**Lesson 16**

La Nouvelle-Orléans et le Deep South

**Lesson 19**

La ferme biologique La Touvière

**Lesson 21**

Americans Try to Pronounce French Words

Parisians Try to Pronounce Words in English

**Lesson 22**

L’Organization Internationale de la Francophonie

Le Sommet

**Lesson 23**

Fatou Diome: “J’ai trop de respect pour l’Afrique pour accepter qu’elle soit à genoux.”

**Lesson 26**

Pont Faidherbe (Senegal)

Monuments and Memorials in Bamako, Mali

**Lesson 27**

“‘It’s how we know who we are’: behind a docuseries on African American food”

**Lesson 28**

Haitian Creole—The World’s Most Widely Spoken Creole Language

**Lesson 33**

It snows in marrakesh

### Foodways: Sustainable Food Systems

**Lesson 1**

Video: Biological Molecules: You Are What You Eat

Video: Photosynthesis and the Teeny Tiny Pigment Pancakes

**Lesson 2**

Video: What Is the Soil Food Web?

Video: Autotrophs vs. Heterotrophs

Article: Soil Food Web

**Lesson 3**

Article: Soil Types

Article: Soil Layers

Video: Introduction to Soil (Part 1)

Video: Introduction to Soil (Part 2)

Video: Soil and Soil Dynamics

Article: State Soils

**Lesson 4**

Interactive map: Where Our Food Crops Come From

Video: Origins of Agriculture

**Lesson 5**

Video: Earth’s Systems Interact

**Lesson 6**

Video: Summer on the Farm

Video: What is Agroforestry?

Video: Why Are GMOs Bad?

Video: The Great Laws of Nature: Indigenous Organic Agriculture documentary

**Lesson 7**

Video: What is a Local Food System?

Video: Vermont’s Local Food System (6-part series)

Website: Local Harvest

**Lesson 8**

Article: 50 By 60: A New England Food Vision

Video: Food by the Numbers: Feeding Our Hungry Planet

Article: Why Local Food Matters

**Lesson 9**

Article: What Is Agribusiness?

Article: American Farmers Say They Feed the World, But Do They?

Article: A Decade After “The Omnivore’s Dilemma,” Michael Pollan Sees Signs of Hope

Video: The Truth About Your Food

**Lesson 10**

Article: What Is Sustainable Agriculture?

Documentary: Those Who Sow

**Lesson 11/12**

Video: Food and the Impact of Social Media

Video: Marketing Food to Children

Music video: Grow Food

Music video: I’m Farming and I Grow It

Photo essay: What I Eat: Around the World in 80 Diets

**Lesson 13**

Article: Map: Here’s How Much Each Country Spends on Food

Article: Why American’s Lead the World in Food Waste

Video: New England Food Is Our Solution

Video: Seeds of Our Ancestors, Seeds of Life

Report: USDA Ag and Food Statistics 2018

**Lesson 14**

Video: Stages of Service Learning

### Forensic Science

**Lesson 1**

Crime Museum: Casey Anthony Trial

DNA expert: Blood on Westerfield’s Jacket matches slain girl’s

**Lesson 2**

O.J. Simpson acquitted

Crime Museum: JonBenét

*Why Eyewitnesses Fail *

*Social Influence and Eyewitness Testimony *

*How Reliable Is Your Memory? *

Innocence Project

**Lesson 3**

A Byte Out of History: Latent Prints in the 1933 Hamm Kidnapping

Richard Ramirez, the ‘Night Stalker’ Killer, Dies at 53

*Your Fingerprints Reveal More Than You Think *

*Forensic Education Basic Fingerprint Lifting*

**Lesson 4**

Murderpedia: Ludwig Tessnow

Fake Blood Recipes

Find the DNA in a Banana

**Lesson 5**

Central Park Five

Virtual Microscopy Interactive Tutorials

Smartphone Microscope Review

MicrolabNW Photomicrograph Gallery: Hair

**Lesson 6**

The Curious Case of the Poisoned Umbrella: The Murder of Georgi Markov

*Forensic Files: Season 11, Episode 39, “Fired Up” *

*Forensic Files 2: Season 9, Episode 21, “Point of Origin” *

Your Body at Different Levels of Blood Alcohol Concentration

Crime Museum: Pablo Escobar

Who Killed Pablo Escobar? Truth Told by DEA Agents

**Lesson 7**

Beltway Snipers

Latest appeal by Jesse Timmendequas to overturn conviction in Megan Kanka killing Is rejected

Unabomber

*Forensic Files: Season 11, Episode 1, “Naughty or Nyce” *

**Lesson 8**

A Forensic Anthropologist Who Brings Closure for the “Disappeared”

**Lesson 9**

Everyday Cybercrime and What You Can Do About It

Google Earth

### Geometry

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 1 (Textbook Lessons 1 – 10)

1:* Points, Lines, and Planes*

Instructional Video: Points, Lines and Planes (collinear and coplanar points)

Geogebra Investigation: Points, Lines and Planes

2: *Segments*

Instructional Video: Segment Addition Postulate

Practice Set: Segment Addition Postulate

Geogebra Investigation: Segment Addition Postulate

3: *Angles*

Instructional Video: Naming Angles

Reading Resource and Instructional Video: Angle basics and Angle Addition Postulate

4: *Postulates and Theorems About Points, Lines, and Planes*

Instructional Video: Postulates and Theorems about points, lines, and planes

5: *More Theorems About Lines and Planes*

Instructional Video: Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

6: *Identifying Pairs of Angles*

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Instructional Video: Linear Pairs and Vertical Angles

Practice Set: Identifying Complementary, Supplementary, and Vertical Angle Pairs

Geogebra Investigation: Angle Relationships (book includes 5 demonstrations)

7: *Using Inductive Reasoning*

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 1

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 2

Reading Resource: Inductive Reasoning

8: *Using Formulas in Geometry*

Instructional Video: Area and Perimeter of rectangles and squares

Geogebra Investigation: Visual Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem (book includes 4 activities)

Instructional Video: Using the Pythagorean Theorem to find area and perimeter of triangles

9: *Finding Length: Distance Formula*

Instructional Video: Using the Distance Formula

10: *Using Conditional Statements*

Instructional Video: Conditional and Converse Statements

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 2 (Textbook Lessons 11-20)

11: *Finding Midpoints*

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Finding Midpoints

12:* Proving Lines Parallel*

Instructional Video: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Practice Set: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Geogebra Investigation: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines (book includes 3 activities)

Instructional Video: Proving Lines Parallel

13:* Introduction to Triangles*

Instructional Video: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Practice Set: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Instructional Video: Finding the Area of a Triangle

Practice Set: Finding the Area of a Triangle

14: *Disproving Conjectures with Counterexamples*

Instructional Video: Conjectures and Counterexamples

15: *Introduction to Polygons*

Instructional Video: Polygon or Non-Polygon?

Instructional Video: Classifying Polygons

Geogebra Investigation: Regular Polygons

16: *Finding Slopes and Equations of Lines*

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from a graph

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from two points

Instructional Video: Writing Equations of Lines

Instructional Video: Graphing lines in y=mx+b form

Practice Set: Graphing lines

17: *More Conditional Statements*

Instructional Video: Inverse and Contrapositive Statements

18: *Triangle Theorems*

Instructional Video: Triangle Sum Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Triangle Sum Theorem

Instructional Video: Exterior Angle Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Exterior Angle Theorem

19:* Introduction to Quadrilaterals*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Quadrilaterals

Practice Set: Identifying Quadrilaterals

Instructional Video: Area and Perimeter of rectangles and squares

20:* Interpreting Truth Tables*

Instructional Video: Truth tables, conjunctions and disjunctions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 3 (Textbook Lessons 21-30)

21: *Laws of Detachment and Syllogism*

Instructional Video: Laws of Detachment and Syllogism

22: *Finding Areas of Quadrilaterals*

Instructional Video: Area of a Parallelogram

Practice Set: Finding Area of a Parallelogram

Instructional Video: Area of a Trapezoid

Practice Set: Finding Area of a Trapezoid

Instructional Video: Area of a Rhombus

Instructional Video: Area of a Rhombus (more in-depth)

23: *Introduction to Circles*

Instructional Video: Area and Circumference of Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Area of a Circle

Instructional Video: Area of Circles Application Problem

Practice Set: Area of a Circle

Practice Set: Circumference of a Circle

24: *Algebraic Proofs*

Instructional Video: Algebraic Proofs

25: *Triangle Congruence SSS*

Instructional Video: Naming Congruent Triangles

Instructional Video: Triangle Congruence by SSS

Geogebra Investigation: SSS Demonstration

26: *Central Angles and Arc Measure*

Instructional Video: Major Arcs, Minor Arcs, and Semicircles

Instructional Video: Congruent Arcs

Instructional Video: Arc Addition Postulate

Geogebra Investigation: Exploring Arcs and Angles

27: *Two-Column Proofs*

Instructional Video: Intro to Two-Column Proofs

Instructional Video: Additional Example of a Two-Column Proof

28: *Triangle Congruence SAS*

Instructional Video: SAS Congruence with Example Proof

Instructional Video: Additional Example of SAS Proof

29: *Using the Pythagorean Theorem*

Instructional Video: Simplifying Radicals

Practice Set: Simplifying Square Roots

Instructional Video: Pythagorean Triples

Reading Resource: Pythagorean Triples

30: *Triangle Congruence ASA and AAS*

Instructional Video: ASA vs. AAS

Quizlet Flashcards: ASA vs. AAS

Instructional Video: Proof with ASA or AAS

Instructional Video: Why SSA Doesn’t Work

Geogebra Investigation: Triangle Congruence Shortcuts

Practice Set: Determining Triangles Congruent

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 4 (Textbook Lessons 31-40)

31: *Flowchart and Paragraph Proofs*

Instructional Video: Flowchart and Paragraph Proofs

32: *Altitudes and Medians of Triangles*

Instructional Video: Centroid vs. Orthocenter

Geogebra Demonstration: Centroids

Geogebra Investigation: Orthocenter

33: *Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem*

Instructional Video: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem with Examples

Geogebra Investigation: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

34: *Properties of Parallelograms*

Instructional Video: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms 2

35: *Finding Arc Lengths and Areas of Sectors*

Instructional Video: Arc Length and Sector Area

Geogebra Investigation: Test Your Skills with Arc Length and Sector Area

36: *Right Triangle Congruence Theorem*

Instructional Video: HL with proof examples

37: *Writing Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines*

Instructional Video: Parallel, Perpendicular, or Neither?

Instructional Video: Finding Slopes of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

Instructional Video: Graphing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

38: *Perpendicular and Angle Bisectors of Triangles*

Instructional Video: Using the Angle Bisector Theorem

Instructional Video: Incenters and Circumcenters

Geogebra Demonstration: Incenters

Geogebra Demonstration: Circumcenters

Geogebra Investigation: Circumcenters

39: *Inequalities in a Triangle*

Instructional Video: Ordering the Sides of a Triangle

Instructional Video: Triangle Inequality Theorem with Examples

Instructional Video: Exterior Angle Inequality Theorem with Proof Example

40: *Finding Perimeters and Areas of Composite Figures*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area of Composite Shapes

Practice Set: Perimeter and Area of Composite Shapes

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 5 (Textbook Lessons 41-50)

41: *Ratios, Proportion, and Similarity*

Instructional Video: Proportion Application

Instructional Video: Solving Proportions

Instructional Video: Similar Polygon Overview and Solving for Missing Parts

42: *Finding Distance from a Point to a Line*

Instructional Video: Using the Distance Formula

43: *Chords, Secants, and Tangents*

Instructional Video: Chord and Diameter Theorems

Geogebra Investigation: Chords, Secants, and Tangents

Geogebra Investigation: Diameters and Chords

44: *Applying Similarity*

Instructional Video: Using Proportions to Find Missing Sides of Similar Figures

Instructional Video: Ratio of Area and Perimeter of Similar Figures

45: *Introduction to Coordinate Proofs*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Coordinate Proofs

46: *Triangle Similarity AA, SSS, SAS*

Instructional Video: Triangle Similarity Theorems

Practice Set: Determining Similar Triangles

Instructional Video: Example of a Two-Column Triangle Similarity Proof

47: *Circles and Inscribed Angles*

Instructional Video: Inscribed Angles

Practice Set: Inscribed Angles

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Angles

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Quadrilaterals

48: *Indirect Proofs*

Instructional Video: Indirect Proof

Instructional Video: Indirect Proof 2

49:* Introduction to Solids*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Solids

Instructional Video: Euler’s Formula

50: *Geometric Mean*

Instructional Video: Finding Geometric Mean of Two Numbers

Instructional Video: Using Geometric Mean with Right Triangles

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 6 (Textbook Lessons 51-60)

51: *Properties of Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles*

Instructional Video: Using Properties of Isosceles Triangles

Instructional Video: Using Properties of Equilateral Triangles

Instructional Video: Proofs with Isosceles Triangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Isosceles Triangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Equilateral Triangles

52: *Properties of Rectangles, Rhombuses, and Squares*

Instructional Video: Properties of Rectangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Rectangle Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Squares

Geogebra Demonstration: Square Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Rhombuses

Geogebra Demonstration: Rhombus Properties

53: *45-45-90 Right Triangles*

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 45-45-90 Triangles

54: *Representing Solids*

Instructional Video: Drawing Solid Shapes

55: *Triangle Midsegment Theorem*

Instructional Video: Proof of the Triangle Midsegment Theorem

Instructional Video: Using the Triangle Midsegment Theorem

56: *30-60-90 Right Triangles*

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 30-60-90 Triangles

57: *Finding Perimeter and Area with Coordinates*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area on the Coordinate Plane

58: *Tangents and Circles, Part 1*

Instructional Video: Tangents and Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents to Circles

59: *Finding Surface Area and Volumes of Prisms*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Prisms

60: *Proportionality Theorems*

Instructional Video: Using the Triangle Proportionality Theorem

Instructional Video: Transversal Proportionality Theorem

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 7 (Textbook Lessons 61-70)

61: *Determining if a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram*

Instructional Video: Showing a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram

62: *Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Cylinders*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cylinders

63: *Introduction to Vectors*

Instructional Video: Intro to Vectors and Scalars

Instructional Video: Finding Magnitude of a Vector

Instructional Video: Adding Vectors Algebraically and Graphically

64: *Angles Interior to Circles*

Instructional Video: Tangents and Chords

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents and Chords

Instructional Video: Arcs and Angles Formed by Chords

Geogebra Investigation: Angles Formed by Chords

65: *Distinguishing Types of Parallelograms*

Reading Resource: Properties of Parallelograms

Instructional Video with Practice Set: Quadrilateral Hierarchy

66: *Finding Perimeters and Areas of Regular Polygons*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area of Regular Polygons

67: *Introduction to Transformations*

Instructional Video: Intro to Rigid Transformations

Practice Set: Identifying Transformations

68:* Introduction to Trigonometric Ratios*

Instructional Video: Intro to Trig Ratios

Geogebra Practice Set: Test Your Trig Ratio Skills

69: *Properties of Trapezoids and Kites*

Instructional Video: Properties of Isosceles Trapezoids

Instructional Video: Examples of Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Isosceles Trapezoid Properties

Instructional Video: Kite Properties

Geometry Investigation: Kite Properties

70: *Finding Surface Area and Volumes of Pyramids*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Pyramids

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of Pyramid is ⅓ Volume of Prism

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 8 (Textbook Lessons 71-80)

71: *Translations*

Instructional Video: Translations

Practice Set: Translations

Geogebra Investigation: Translations with Vectors

Geogebra Activity: Tangrams with Translations

72: *Tangents and Circles, Part 2*

Instructional Video: Internal and External Tangents

Reading Resource: Common Tangents

73: *Applying Trigonometry: Angles of Elevation and Depression*

Instructional Video: Angles of Elevation and Depression

Instructional Video: Word Problem Examples with Angles of Elevation and Depression

Geogebra Investigation: Angles of Elevation and Depression

74: *Reflections*

Instructional Video: Reflections

Instructional Video: Determining Reflections

Practice Set: Reflecting Shapes

75: *Writing the Equation of a Circle*

Instructional Video: Writing an Equation of a Circle from a Graph

Instructional Video: Graphing a Circle from its Equation

Practice Set: Graph a Circle from its Equation

Geogebra Investigation: Relating a Circle and its Equation

76: *Symmetry*

Instructional Video: Lines of Symmetry

Instructional Video: Rotational Symmetry

Geogebra Investigation: Rotational and Reflective Symmetry

77: *Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Cones*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cones

78: *Rotations*

Instructional Video: Rotations

Reading Resource: Transformation Cheat Sheet

79: *Angles Exterior to Circles*

Instructional Video: Angles Exterior to Circles

80: *Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Spheres*

Instructional Video: Surface Areas and Volumes of Spheres

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of a Sphere

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 9 (Textbook Lesson 81-90)

81: *Graphing and Solving Linear Systems*

Instructional Video: Solving Linear Systems by Graphing

Instructional Video: Solving Linear Systems by Graphing (Special Cases)

82: *More Applications of Trigonometry*

Instructional Video: Solving Right Triangles with Inverse Trig Functions

Geogebra Practice Set: Test your skills with Inverse Trig Functions

83: *Vector Addition*

Instructional Video: Adding Vectors

Geogebra Investigation: Adding Vectors

84: *Dilations*

Instructional Video: Dilations on the Coordinate Plane

Geogebra Investigation: Dilations

85: *Cross Sections of Solids*

Instructional Video: Slicing Solids

Instructional Video: Cavalieri’s Principle

Geogebra Investigation: Book Containing Multiple Cross Section Investigations

86: *Determining Chord Length*

Instructional Video: Chord Lengths

Geogebra Demonstration: Chord Lengths

87: *Area Ratios of Similar Figures*

Instructional Video: Ratio of Perimeter and Area of Similar Figures

88: *Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities*

Instructional Video: Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities 1

Instructional Video: Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities 2

Practice Set: Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities

89: *Vector Decomposition*

Instructional Video: Vector Decomposition Intro

Instructional Video: Vector Decomposition and Addition

90: *Composite Transformations*

Instructional Video: Composite Transformations

Practice Set: Composite Transformations

Geogebra Investigation: Composite Transformation Book (Multiple Activities)

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 10 (Textbook Lessons 91-100)

91: *Introduction to Trigonometric Identities*

Instructional Video: Intro to Trig Identities

Instructional Video: Proof of Pythagorean Trig Identity

92: *Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane*

Instructional Video: Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane 1

Instructional Video: Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane 2

Instructional Video: Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane 3

93: *Representing Solids: Orthographic Views*

Instructional Video: Orthographic Views

94: *Law of Sines*

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for a Side

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for an Angle

Practice Set: Law of Sines

95: *Equations of Circles: Translating and Dilating*

Instructional Video: Translating and Dilating Circles

Geogebra Investigation: Dilating a Circle

96: *Effects of Changing Dimensions on Perimeter and Area*

Instructional Video: Effects of Changing Dimensions on Perimeter and Area

97: *Concentric Circles*

Instructional Video: Area of an Annulus

Geogebra Demonstration: Area of an Annulus

98: *Law of Cosines*

Instructional Video: Solving for a Side with the Law of Cosines

Instructional Video: Solving for an Angle with the Law of Cosines

Practice Set: Law of Cosines

99: *Volume Ratios of Similar Solids*

Instructional Video: Ratio of Volumes of Similar Solids

Geogebra Investigation: Ratio of Volumes of Similar Solids

100: *Transformation Matrices*

Instructional Video: Adding and Subtracting Matrices

Practice Set: Adding and Subtracting Matrices

### Human Anatomy and Physiology

**General:**

Innerbody.com

Teachpe.com

Crash Course Anatomy and Physiology series

**Lesson 1:** *Getting Started with Anatomy and Physiology*

Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology: Crash Course A&P #1

Anatomical Position and Directional Terms

Body Farm – National Geographic Video Note: be prepared for some graphic images.

Down on the Body Farm: Inside the Dirty World of Forensic Science

**Lesson 2:** *Human Body Systems*

Vitruvius, On Architecture

**Lesson 3:** *The Nervous and Endocrine Systems*

Hormone Affects How Teens’ Brains Control Emotions

BrainFacts.org

Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions

Demonstration of Stroop Effect—‘Name That Color’ Test

TED talk: What we’ll learn about the brain in the next century

**Lesson 4:** *Respiration and Circulation*

How to Measure Your Lung Capacity

Lung Capacity— A BodyWorks On Tour science experiment

“Label the Heart” quiz

**Lesson 5:** *The Immune System*

“5-second rule on dropped food may have some truth to it”

“Rethinking The Five-Second Rule: With Carpet, There’s No Rush”

Net Logo

**Lesson 6:*** The Digestive and Excretory Systems*

Gulp! The Quiz

The Inside Scoop on Your Insides

“The Marvels in Your Mouth”

Demonstrating Biology: It Takes Guts

**Lesson 7:** *The Skeletal System*

“The Skeleton and Bones”

Skeleton: Bones and Joints

Diagnosing Osteoporosis (Osteoporosis #3)

Osteoporosis

**Lesson 8:*** The Muscular System*

“Muscle Structure—Muscle Under the Microscope”

**Lesson 9:** *The Integumentary System*

“The Integumentary System, Part 1 – Skin Deep: Crash Course A&P #6

“The Integumentary System, Part 1 – Skin Deeper: Crash Course A&P #7”

**Lesson 10:** *Reproduction and Development*

Fertilization (Conception)

Human Embryo Growing from Fertilization to Day 6 Blastula

The Miracle of Life – 9 months in 4 minutes

Alexander Tsiaras: Conception to Birth – visualized

Life Before Birth – In the Womb

Greatest Miracle PBS

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Baby Makers: The Fertility Clinic (IVF Documentary)

**Lesson 11:** *Putting It All Together*

Running On Empty

The Heart, part 2 – Heart Throbs: Crash Course A&P #26

What Will Humans Look Like in 100 Years?

We Can Reprogram Life. How to Do it Wisely

### Math Connections

**Lesson 1:** *Problem Solving and Critical Thinking*

**For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:**

Estimation

Rounding

Pascal’s Triangle patterns

Fully-worked example of the Four-Step Problem Solving Process

**For fun and deeper exploration:**

*Books*

*How to Solve It* by George Polya

*Logic puzzles and riddles*

http://brainden.com/puzzles-riddles.htm

http://www.logic-puzzles.org/

*Sudoku, KenKen, Kakuro*

http://www.sudoku.com/

http://www.kenken.com/

http://www.kakuro.com/

*Magic Square puzzles*

http://www.magicsquarepuzzles.com/

Learn how to make your own Magic Square puzzles.

*Real problem-solving in the news*

“Wikipedia-size maths proof too big for humans to check,” from *New Scientist, *February 17, 2014.

**Lesson 2:** *Set Theory*

Dennis Wildfogel’s “How Big Is Infinity?” (TED-Ed)

Numberphile’s “Infinity is Bigger Than You Think”

The MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive

For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

A great explanation of what sets are, definitions of set theory terminology, and examples

Explanations and examples of how to solve word problems using Venn diagrams<

**For fun and deeper exploration:**

*Infinite sets:*

A proof that some infinities are bigger than others

A good explanation of infinite sets (also click through to the next page to continue the story)

An excellent TED-Ed lesson on the Infinite Hotel Paradox

*Fibonacci numbers:*

Fibonnaci applications

Puzzles whose solutions relate to the Fibonacci numbers

*Games involving set theory:*

SET, a fun and educational card game, is also available online and as an app

**Lesson 3:** *Number Theory and the Real Number System*

James Tanton’s video, “Divisibility Rule for 7

Scishow’s video, The Fibonacci Sequence: Nature’s Code

Cristóbal Vila’s short video, “Nature by Numbers”

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Khan Academy has a good explanation of how to use the Sieve of Eratosthenes to find prime numbers

Explanations and examples for the order of operations

Rational and irrational numbers

Khan Academy also has an entire section devoted to Scientific Notation

Exponent rules explained

For additional inspiration for the Fibonacci Inspiration activity, check out these videos:

Vi Hart’s Spirals, Fibonacci and being a plant video series (3 parts)

Arthur Benjamin’s TED Talk

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Prime and composite numbers game

Learn how Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the Earth in Khan Academy’s article

Learn more about that famous number, pi: To see what a million digits of pi really looks like, check out Numberphile’s “A Mile of Pi” video

To hear a tonal representation of the digits of pi, check out Numberphile’s “Sounds of Pi” video

To see artistic data visualizations of the digits of pi, check out Numberphile’s “Pi is Beautiful” video

**Lesson 4:** *Algebra: Equations and Inequalities*

TED-Ed talk given by Jeff Dekofsky

NOVA’s “Great Math Mystery”

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Khan Academy’s Linear Equations and Inequalities section

Proportions explanations and examples

Video on direct and inverse variation

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

For additional discussion to help you explore whether you believe mathematics was invented or discovered, check out PBS Idea Channel’s “Is Math a Feature of the Universe or a Feature of Human Creation?”

**Lesson 5:** *Algebra: Graphs, Functions, Linear Functions, and Linear Systems*

Line of Best Fit tool on the NCTM Illuminations website

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Graphing linear equations

Explanation of function evaluation

Explanation of scatterplots and regression lines

Solving systems of linear equations

Systems of linear inequalities

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Now that you know a bit about correlation, it’s important to understand that correlation does not imply causation. In other words, just because two variables are related does *not* mean that one of the variables caused the other. This is a common logical fallacy that leads to invalid conclusions. Check out this *Los Angeles Times* article that makes the point that correlation does not imply causation. Then to drive the point home, visit the site that inspired the article, Spurious Correlations, to view a variety of amusing graphs showing two completely unrelated variables that just happen to be closely correlated.

**Lesson 6:** *Polynomials, Quadratic Equations, and Quadratic Functions*

Vi Hart’s video, “Doodling in math: Spirals, Fibonacci, and being a plant (1 of 3)”

Golden Spiral video

For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

For help with factoring quadratic equations

Solving quadratic equations using the quadratic formula

Solving quadratic equations using the square root property

Features of quadratic functions

Graphing quadratic functions

For a refresher on how to construct a square with straightedge and compass

For a refresher on how to construction a line perpendicular to an existing line

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

More on the legend of Newton and the falling apple

**Lesson 7:** *Personal Finance: Taxes and Interest*

NCTM Illuminations Compound Interest Simulator

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Percents explanations

Solving word problems with percentages

Calculating simple and compound interest

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Find out more about incomprehensibly large numbers.

**Lesson 8:** *Personal Finance: Saving, Investing, and Spending*

How to Lie with Statistics, by Darrell Huff

Edmunds’ True Cost to Own

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Learn more about personal finance for teens at The Mint

Find out the real costs of owning a car as a teen

**Lesson 9:** *Measurement*

Khan Academy unit conversion section

More on converting units

The Metric System in the United States

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

**Lesson 10:** *Geometry*

Math is Fun Reflectional Symmetry page

Math is Fun Rotational Symmetry page

Dr. James Tanton’s “Generating Pythagorean Triples” video

Escher Gallery

Tessellation Creator tool at the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics’ Illuminations site

Platonic Solids tool from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics’ Illuminations site

Platonic Solids Models from Math is Fun

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Khan Academy Geometry section with dozens of applicable videos

Math is Fun main Geometry page with dozens of links to topic-specific articles

Graphing circles

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

If you enjoyed the Platonic Solids activity, explore the duals of the Platonic Solids with these videos

For more on tessellations, visit here, or try this app

**Lesson 11:** *Counting Methods and Probability Theory*

TED-Ed video by Yannay Khaikin

TED-Ed lesson, “The last banana – a thought experiment in probability,” by Leonardo Barichello

Ron Clarke’s Monty Hall problem video

Horizons’ Monty Hall problem video

Stay or Switch simulation tool

Marilyn vos Savant’s “th” solution and criticism from the public

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Watch video explanations and try practice problems with the Khan Academy Probability and Combinatorics lessons

Practice figuring out which counting method to use and try your hand at some problems with the Counting Methods Review and Self-Test

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Try challenging counting methods problems at Brilliant.org

Try challenging probability problems at Brilliant.org

Play some probability games here and here

Learn about the origins of Probability as discovered by Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat in solving the Problem of Points

**Lesson 12:** *Statistics*

“Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes”

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Videos on descriptive statistics, including the mean, median, mode, range, quartiles, and standard deviation

Explanations of the Normal Distribution and z-scores

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Hans Rosling about world statistics, watch his 2014 TED talk, “How Not to Be Ignorant About the World.”

“Improving Human Welfare in 2013 International Year of Statistics,” presented by Worldofstatistics.org.

**Lesson 13:** *Logic*

“Guide to Common Fallacies Playlist” by PBS Idea Channel

Your Logical Fallacy

Colm Kellehar’s TED-Ed lesson, “Zeno’s Dichotomy Paradox”

Codebreaker game

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s fallacy page

Puzzle Baron’s Logic Puzzles

Puzzle Baron’s logic puzzle generator

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Math Goodies has a list of articles explaining various topics in symbolic logic from this chapter

Truth tables video explanation by ProfessorSerna

Activity A help: Additional worked example of a Lewis Carroll logic puzzle, as well as more challenging puzzles

Activity B help: Khan Academy logic videos and exercises. The validity and fallacy videos, in particular, may be helpful.

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Lewis Carroll’s Paradox

Lewis Carroll’s book, *Symbolic Logic *(full text available online through Project Gutenberg)

The books *The Mathematical Recreations of Lewis Carroll: Pillow Problems and a Tangled Tale *by Lewis Carroll and C. L. Dodgson and *Lewis Carroll’s Games and Puzzles* by Lewis Carroll and Edward WakelingBrain teasers and puzzles

Brainden.com has several fantastic pages with brain teasers and logic puzzles. The river crossing puzzles tend to be a student favorite. Try this and this to start, but be sure to explore some of the other pages. Answers are hidden until you click them. Don’t peek until you are sure you are ready to know the answer!

Challenge puzzles and problems: Brilliant.org has a section with questions for all levels of logic. Quiz yourself on topics ranging from symbolic logic to games of strategy.

Grid-based logic puzzles:

Solve grid-based logic puzzles online or on an app

Learn about Euler’s Konigsberg Bridges Problem

An interview with Andrew Wiles, the mathematician who finally solved Fermat’s Last Theorem in 1993.

#### Recommended sites for general math help and practice (in no particular order):

http://www.ixl.com

http://www.purplemath.com

http://www.khanacademy.org

http://www.regentsprep.org

https://www.mathsisfun.com/

http://mathforum.org/dr.math/

#### Recommended sites for students ready for an additional challenge:

http://www.brilliant.org

https://www.youtube.com/user/Vihart

http://www.khanacademy.org

### Psychology: The Journey Toward Self-Knowledge

**Lesson 1:** *The History of Psychology*

“A Learning Secret: Don’t Take Notes with a Laptop”

“10 Benefits of Writing Notes by Hand”

Crash Course, Psychology, Episode 1

Diablo Valley College Learning Style Survey

**Lesson 2:** *Psychological Research Methods*

Crash Course, Psychology, Episode 2

“The Story of Psyche and Eros”

**Lesson 3:** *Encoding and Retrieving Memories*

Feats of Memory Anyone Can Do

Remembering What Matters

**Lesson 4:** *Memory Construction and Improving Memory*

Eyewitness Testimony, Part 1

Eyewitness Testimony, Part 2

The Innocence Project

Creating False Memories

How Reliable Is Your Memory?

Forgetfulness Test

Short Term Memory Test

Test my Brain, Harvard

Lucidchart

**Lesson 5:** *The Human Brain*

The Story of Phineas Gage

Power of the Human Brain

Brain Dominance Test

Severed Corpus Callosum

“Neurotheology: This is Your Brain on Religion” (podcast)

“Hard-Wired for Faith: The Religious Experience and the Brain”

“God in the Brain? How much can ‘Neurotheology’ explain?”

Secrets of the Mind

**Lesson 6:** *The Biology of Behavior*

“Amygdala Hijack”

“How Emotionally Intelligent Are You?”

“Test Your Emotional Intelligence with Our Free EQ Quiz”

You aren’t at the mercy of your emotions—your brain creates them

**Lesson 7:** *Stress and Health*

Stress: Portrait of a Killer

Happy

**Lesson 8:** *Stress Management*

“The Tyranny of Choice” (if the first page appears blank, scroll down for the article)

Personality Type A/B

Locus of Control

Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale

The Hostility Questionnaire

Former monk talks hit meditation app Headspace

Dan Harris opens up about ‘Meditation for Fidgety Skeptics’

Headspace App

**Lesson 9:** *Developmental Psychology, Part 1*

A Change of Mind (Preoperational theory of mind)

Piaget’s Preoperational Stage

Object Concept VOE Screen Task Baillargeon

The Linguistic Genius of Babies

Piaget: Changes in Symbolic Development (Preoperational stage)

**Lesson 10:** *Developmental Psychology, Part 2*

Wild Child: The Story of Feral Children

**Lesson 11:** *Classical Conditioning*

Classical Conditioning—Ivan Pavlov

Baby Albert Experiments

Pavlov’s Dog: Can You Make a Dog Drool on Command?

**Lesson 12:** *Operant Conditioning and Learning*

The Difference Between Classical and Operant Conditioning

B. F. Skinner Foundation—Pigeon Ping Pong Clip

WWII Missile Guided Pigeon Project Racing Homers Used

Albert Bandura Bobo Doll experiment

Full Derek Jeter Ford commercial

**Lesson 13:** *Social Psychology, Part 1*

Milgram Experiment

Milgram Experiment (Derren Brown replication)

“Prison Psychology and the Stanford Prison Experiment” (NPR interview)

Conformity

Brown eyes and blue eyes racism experiment, Children Session—Jane Elliott

What Would You Do? Bike Theft (White Guy, Black Guy, Pretty Girl)

**Lesson 14:** *Social Psychology, Part 2*

New York Subway Hero

Born Good? Babies help unlock the origins of morality

POV Implicit Bias

Project Implicit

**Lesson 15:** *Personality Theory*

Freud’s Structure of Personality Theory

Measuring Personality: Crash Course Psychology #22

**Lesson 16:** *Personality Exploration*

Inkblot (Rorschach) and TAT (Thematic Apperception Tests) – Projective Tests

Jung Typology Test

The Big Five Project Personality Test

**Lesson 17/18:** *The End and the Beginning*

The Brain Changing Benefits of Exercise

Learned Optimism Test

“Learned Optimism: Is Martin Seligman’s Glass Half Full?”

“Optimism Test: How You can Learn to Be Optimistic”

Happiness 101: Explanatory Style (Choices)

Happiness 101: How Explanatory Style Affects Optimism (Choices)

“Social Challenges of Middle School”

“How Puberty Kills Girls’ Confidence”

### Race & Ethnic Studies

**Lesson 1**

“On Strike: Ethnic Studies—1969–1999”

**Lesson 2**

“The Bear That Wasn’t”

“Me, My Race, and I: What’s Race Got to Do with It?”

“What Is Your Heritage? Discover Your Cultural Identity”

**Lesson 3**

“Ten Things Everyone Should Know About Race”

“The Historical Origins and Development of Racism”

“Unequal Opportunity Race”

Race, The Power of An Illusion

“Who Are the Kurds?”

**Lesson 4**

“What Is Intersectionality? Let These Scholars Explain the Theory and Its History”

“Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack”

“DIS2018: Mia Mingus, opening keynote presenter”

“‘Disability Justice’ is Simply Another Term for Love”

“The Urgency of Intersectionality”

**Lesson 5**

“How Italians Became White”

“Talking About Race: Whiteness”

**Lesson 6**

“An Indigenous People’s History of the United States”

“Guatemala: Maya”

Native Land

#Changethemascot

All My Relations

Native Appropriations

**Lesson 7**

“What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”

Episode 6: Effects of the Atlantic Slave Trade on the Americas (December 3, 2012)

“How racist policing took over American cities, explained by a historian”

“The Atlantic Slave Trade: What Too Few Textbooks Told You”

“Frederick Douglass’ Descendants Deliver His `Fourth of July’ Speech”

“Nicki Mayo: Slaved vs. Enslaved People”

**Lesson 8**

“Eduardo López: Harvest of Empire: The Untold Story of Latinos in America”

“Why We Should Drop the I-Word”

“What’s With the X In Latinx?”

“Hispanic vs. Latino vs. Latinx: A Brief History of How These Words Originated”

“Latinidad Is Being Cancelled by Afro and Indigenous People Who Do Not See Themselves Represented”

“Trader’s Joe’s removing `racist packaging’ after online petition”

“Why Mexican Americans Say `The Border Crossed Us’”

**Lesson 9**

“Beyond Activism: Four Decades of Social Justice”

“Grappling with Xenophobia Amid the Coronavirus”

“History of the Exclusion of Asian Immigrants”

“How U.S. immigration laws and rules have changed through history”

“Discovering Angel Island: The Story Behind the Poems”

**Lesson 10**

“Come September”

Arab Resource and Organizing Center

**Lesson 11**

“Why Identity Matters”

“Why Media Literacy?

“Power of POP”

“But Wait: How DOES the Media Tell You What to Think?”

“The Common Sense Census: Media Use By Tweens and Teens”

**Lesson 12**

“Why America’s Schools Have a Money Problem”

“A Decade of Research on the Rich-Poor Divide in Education”

“How the School-to-Prison Pipeline Works: And Why Black Girls Particularly Are at Risk”

“The Hidden Curriculum, Part I of 2: Norms, Values and Procedures”

Transcript: “`Lies My Teacher Told Me,’ and How American History Can Be Used as a Weapon”

Audio: “Lies My Teacher Told Me”

“Understanding Children’s Book Classifications”

“10 Tips for Talking to Kids about Race and Racism”

“`I Love My Skin!’: Why Black Parents are Turning to Afrocentric Schools”

**Lesson 13**

“Every Picture Book Author Should Make a Storyboard”

**Lesson 14**

“As liberation struggles endure, so does Chicano protest art”

“Dance of the African Diaspora: Tracing Social and Political Activism”

“Behind the Song: Nina Simone, `Mississippi Goddam’”

“Shea Diamond—`I Am American’ [Official Lyric Video]”

“Art can be a catalyst for change in Uganda”

“In Open Cut exhibition, protest art challenges visitors to take action”

“The Birth of QCC: The Center for Lesbian Gay Bi Transgender Art & Culture”

“10 Black Queer Artists Get Real About the Intersectionality of Resistance During Pride 2020”

“`Art Can Touch Our Emotional Core.’ Meet the Artists Behind Some of the Most Widespread Images Amid George Floyd Protests”

“Who We Be: Superpanel on Art, Protest, and Racial Justice”

**Lesson 15**

“The Young Lords: Its Origins and Convergences with the Black Panther Party”

“The Young Lords: Exploring the Legacy of the Radical Puerto Rican Activist Group 50 Years Later”

Replacement link for “The Young Lords 13 Point Program”

“The Black Panthers: 10-Point Program”

“El Plan Espiritual De Aztlán”

“Stonewall Forever: A Documentary about the Past, Present and Future of Pride”

“The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson”

“East L.A., 1968: `Walkout!’ The day high school students helped ignite the Chicano power movement”

**Lesson 16**

“The Efficacy of the Red Power Movement”

“Rebuilding Indigenous Nations: Native American Activism and the Long Red Power Movement”

“The Youth Group that Launched a Movement at Standing Rock”

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)

“`Our Culture Is Beautiful’: The Voices of Indigenous TikTok

“Civil Rights Digital History Project”

“Blackhorse: Do you Prefer `Native American’ or `American Indian’?”

**Lesson 17**

“She co-founded Black Lives Matter. Here’s why she’s so hopeful for the future.”

“#SayHerName: Resisting Police Brutality against Black Women”

“Black Lives Matter explained: The History of a movement”

“Black Lives Matter group protests at Toronto Pride parade”

“Pride says it `never agreed’ to exclude police, as Black Lives Matter slams police for `pink-washing’”

“Disability Solidarity: Completing the `Vision for Black Lives’”

### Spanish I

**General**

Vocaroo.com

My.hrw.com

WordReference.com

SpanishDict.com

Spanish.typeit.org

**Lesson 2**

Numbers Song in Spanish (Cancion de los Numeros)

**Lesson 3**

Hispanic Or Latino? That Is the Question

How to Type Spanish Letters and Accents

**Lesson 4**

*Mi Vida Loca*

**Lesson 6**

Feasts: Mexico 2 of 3: *Dia de los Muertos*

**Lesson 9**

Largest U.S. Immigrant Groups Over Time, 1960–Present

**Lesson 10**

Marc Anthony: *Vivir Mi Vida*

**Lesson 12**

BBC World: *Quinceañera*

*My Dream Quinceañera: Ana*

**Lesson 14**

Bullfighting saved from the sword as Spain rules it is an artistic discipline

Works of Antoni Gaudí

**Lesson 15**

Introducing Spain

**Lesson 19**

Climbing Cotopaxi

**Lesson 20**

Wildlife Trafficking

Going to the Galápagos Is Easier and Cheaper Than Ever. That Might Not Be a Good Thing.

**Lesson 21**

An Uncommon Victory for an Indigenous Tribe in the Amazon

**Lesson 23**

Aventura—Obsesion

**Lesson 24**

One Island, Two Worlds

**Lesson 25**

State and County Quick Facts: Florida

Merengue Dance Steps: Merengue Footwork Basics

Cumbia: The Musical Backbone of Latin America

**Lesson 27**

Climate Change in Argentina is Killing Penguin Chicks

**Lesson 28**

History of Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo: Children Who Disappeared or Who Were Born in Captivity

**Lesson 29**

Sr. Wooly: Billy la Bufanda

**Lesson 30**

The Power of the Bilingual Brain

**Lesson 31**

Happy Planet Index: Costa Rica

**Lesson 32**

Red-Eyed Tree Frog

A Costa Rican Red-Eyed Tree Frog in Pictures

**Lesson 33**

Reaching for a Zero-Emission Goal

Costa Rica Recognized for Biodiversity Protection

**Lesson 34/35**

Ecuador: The Galápagos Islands and the Andes

### Spanish II

**General**

Vocaroo.com

My.hrw.com

WordReference.com

SpanishDict.com

Spanish.typeit.org

**Lesson 1**

Miami’s Latino Culture

**Lesson 2**

“Let It Go” from Frozen according to Google Translate

Norway’s Olympic team (translation error)

Destinos: An Introduction to Spanish

**Lesson 3**

What is Ecotourism

Costa Rica Ecotourism

Nicoya, Costa Rica: A Latin American Blue Zone

Blue Zone Photos: Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica

**Lesson 4**

Costa Rica: Paving the Way for Rights of Nature?

Costa Rica Country Profile

**Lesson 5**

Discover the Mysteries of Easter Island

What’s So Special about the Atacama Desert?

**Lesson 6**

The Untold Story of How Argentinian Tango Evolved

Street Argentine Tango

**Lesson 7**

Jennifer Dahlgren

Che Guevara (1928–1967)

**Lesson 8**

Classic Argentinian Alfajores Cookies

**Lesson 10**

More Photos of the Crisis in Puerto Rico

**Lesson 11**

What Do the Colors and Symbols of the Flag of Puerto Rico Mean?

Is Puerto Rice Part of the U.S.?

**Lesson 12**

The Latin Dance of Bachata

**Lesson 14**

Meet the All-Female Band Redefining Mariachi, Flor de Toloache

**Lesson 16**

23 Best Things to Do in Mexico City

**Lesson 19**

The Ambassador of Spanish Ham

Hundreds of Tons of Tomatoes Are Used as Ammo in Spain’s Tomatina Festival

**Lesson 20**

Flamenco Dance, Seville, Spain

Dancing the Flamenco: Basic Footwork

**Lesson 21**

Guernica and 30’s

**Lesson 23**

Civics Practice Test

Notable Hispanic Americans

**Lesson 24**

17 Photos that show what life is like on the U.S.-Mexico border

United States Interventions

**Lesson 25**

The Bodega Signmakers of New York

Bodegas: Living the American Dream

Hispanic/Latino Vote

**Lesson 27**

Courtyards of Latin America

**Lesson 28**

Dominican Republic

**Lesson 29**

Croc Fossil Discovered in Cave

Can You Find the Dominican Republic on a Map?

**Lesson 31**

12 Ecuadorean Bands You Should Listen To

**Lesson 32**

Preserving Lonesome George

The Theory of Evolution Has Its Origins in the Galapagos

**Lesson 33**

Otavalo: The Land of Andean Artistry

### Spanish III

**General**

Vocaroo.com

My.hrw.com

WordReference.com

SpanishDict.com

Spanish.typeit.org

How to Type Spanish Letters and Accents

**Lesson 1**

The Benefits of Learning a Second Language

Learn Spanish Gestures

**Lesson 2**

15 Encouraging Phrases a Spanish Speaker Like Me Would Love for You to Learn

Photos of the Week: 8/8–8/14 (2015)

**Lesson 3**

Tacos al pastor, classic Mexican tacos

**Lesson 4**

Growing Up Butterfly

Monarch Butterflies

How to Create Your Own Monarch Butterfly Rest Stop

**Lesson 5**

Breaking a Mexican Tradition That Excludes Women, to Keep It Alive in Brooklyn

**Lesson 6**

2 university students discover they have more in common than they thought just by saying 8 words

“Riveting Photos of Migrant Workers Remind Us Who Really Harvests Our Food”

**Lesson 7**

18 Latin American Art Museums in the United States

11 Paintings from Spanish Artists That You Can See in U.S. Museums

Smithsonian Latino Virtual Museum

**Lesson 8**

Spanish Newspapers in the U.S.

**Lesson 11**

Made in Honduras

Maquila: A Tale of Two Mexicos

Maquiladora Women (spots from the film Maquilapolis)

**Lesson 12**

Leonardo DiCaprio confiesa su gusto por las pupusas

Pupusas recipe

**Lesson 14**

Sugarcane workers in the Dominican Republic

Juan Luis Guerra, Ojala que Llueva Café

**Lesson 15**

Buena Vista Social Club “Chan Chan” at Carnegie Hall

**Lesson 16**

Gente de Zona: La Gozadera

Cuba (The New York Times)

Drug Runners or Dissidents?

**Lesson 19**

Nasca Lines

**Lesson 20**

Peru’s Snow Star Festival

**Lesson 21**

Evolution by Natural Selection: Darwin’s Finches

**Lesson 22**

“LatinoAmérica” by Calle 13

**Lesson 23**

Caga tió, tió de Nadal

Extra, todos los capítulos

**Lesson 24**

Building Human Towers in Spain

**Lesson 25**

Thinking of buying a deserted village in Spain?

**Lesson 27**

Why Is Colombian Coffee the World’s Favorite?

Venezuela (BBC News)

Venezuela (New York Times)

The Empty Cupboards of Venezuela’s Families

**Lesson 28**

Carlos Vives and Shakira, “La Bicicleta”

**Lesson 29**

World’s Largest Rodent

**Lesson 31**

World’s ‘poorest’ ex-president Mujica turns down pension

**Lesson 32**

Viña del Mar

**Lesson 33**

The Most Useful Language for English Speakers to Learn, According to an Economist

### U.S. Government: By the People, for the People

**General**

National Archives

U.S. Government Services and Information

The White House

Supreme Court

Congress

National Center for Constitutional Studies

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

The Federalist Papers

The Antifederalist Papers

The Constitution of the United States

U.S. Bill of Rights

U.S. Amendments

United States Senate

United States House of Representatives

Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court

American Civil Liberties Union

The NBER/Maryland State Constitutions Project

Voices of Democracy

History

National Women’s History Museum

Biography

UShistory.org

Crash Course videos (50 in all; all are 6–9 minutes)

Websites to help you determine the accuracy of a claim:

www.procon.org

www.factcheck.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

**Lesson 1**

Our New Research Shows Where Kids Get Their News and How They Feel About It

Students Have ‘Dismaying’ Inability to Tell Fake News from Real, Study Finds

Fake News and News Bias

**Lesson 3**

6 Student Stories on Change-Makers in their Communities

**Lesson 4**

Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics

Today’s Front Pages

**Lesson 6**

Constitute: The World’s Constitutions to Read, Search, and Compare

**Lesson 7**

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

iSideWith

Welcome to the Civics Practice Test!

**Lesson 8**

The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2

Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances: Crash Course Government and Politics #3

Gerrymandering: Crash Course Government and Politics #37

United States Senate

United States House of Representatives

Ballot Measures

Project Vote Smart

Congress.gov

Open Secrets

Database Search Tips: Overview

**Lesson 9**

Oyez

**Lesson 12**

Federalism: Crash Course Government and Politics #4

**Lesson 13**

Tribal Law and Policy Institute

National Congress of American Indians

### U.S. History

In this course, you are asked to keep track of the sources you use when researching the reading topics in each lesson. The following print publications and online sources can be used as a starting point for your research. This list is not comprehensive—you will need to do additional research to locate relevant sources of information.

Evaluating Internet Sources

The American Yawp: A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook

Best U.S. History Websites (EdTechTeacher)

U.S.History.org

History Matters (CUNY and George Mason University)

Have Fun With History

Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People (National Council for Social Studies)

SmithsonianEducation.org

African American History (Library of Congress)

*A Short History of the United States: From the Arrival of Native American Tribes to the Obama Presidency* by Robert V. Remini (Harper, 2009)

*A People’s History of the United States* by Howard Zinn (Harper, 2015)

Digital History

### Women's Literature: Worlds of Fantasy and Science Fiction

**Unit I: Fantasy**

Tam Lin

Thomas the Rhymer

Fairport Convention (song) Tam Lin

Jeremy Irons Reads TS Eliot’s “Four Quartets”

“Four Quartets” by TS Eliot (text)

**Unit II: Science Fiction**

Author website: Ursula K. Le Guin

Map of Gethen

*New Yorker* article: “The Fantastic Ursula K. Le Guin”

**Unit III: World Building**

Author website: Nnedi Okorafor

The Binti Series

### Word: The Poet's Voice

Below you will find links to each of the poems in the course, plus the spoken word performances, as well as general resources to help increase your understanding and enjoyment of poetry.

**General Resources**

How to read a poem

*Poetry Foundation*

*Academy of American Poets*

*Poetry 180*

*Poetry Soup*

**Unit I: Nature**

“Crossings” by Ravi Shankar

“The Weed” by Elizabeth Bishop

“Riprap” by Gary Snyder

**Unit II: Love**

“Tonight I Can Write” by Pablo Neruda

**Unit III: Spoken Word**

“Coded language” by Saul Williams text (read text before watching performance)

“Coded language” by Saul Williams performance

“Ode to a Crossfader” by John Murrillo performance (watch performance before reading text)

“Plastic Sea” by Mirko Bonné (Note: We will focus on the third stanza, which begins with “…Each black meter of water, rolling past ominously…” and ends with “… But this here, the black water masses, such/a draggled park, never, really, no.” Feel free to read the whole poem, if you’d like, but refer to the third stanza when answering the questions in your lesson.)

“Mother’s Mouth” by Amaal Said (translated from Somali to English)

**Unit IV: The Female Voice**

“Still I Rise” by Maya Angelou

“Wallflower” by Anne Sexton

“Poetry” by Pablo Neruda

### World Geography

**Lesson 1**

Glossary of geographic terms

Reading latitude and longitude

Map projections

World’s biomes

Trees that tell a story

**Lesson 2**

World population clock

Radio around the world

**Lesson 3**

Forces that shape Earth

World glacier inventory

**Lesson 4**

Reference encyclopedia

Climate change

Humans and the Greenhouse Effect

**Lesson 6**

Percent of arable land

Canada statistics

**Lesson 7**

Demographic trends in the U.S.

Immigration Trends in the U.S.

Earliest inhabitants of North America

Population and energy consumption

**Lesson 8**

Caribbean map and facts

Ancient civilizations of Mexico

Chihuahuan Desert

Mesoamerican Reef

Corals and Coral Reefs

Plant Adaptations

Desert Animals

**Lesson 9/10**

**Lesson 11**

Andes Mountains

Amazon River

Amazon Rainforest

Galapagos Island

**Lesson 12**

Largest countries in South America

Indigenous languages of South America

Early South American civilizations

Agriculture of South America

**Lesson 14**

Natural wonders of Europe

Europe’s Alps

Mediterranean Sea

Islands of the Mediterranean

**Lesson 15**

Countries of Europe

European migrant crisis

Population data (click on individual countries)

European Union website

E.U. member nations

1000 years of European borders

Population density in Europe

**Lesson 16**

Languages spoken in Europe

Agriculture in EU member states

Air quality

Pollution as global issue

Ethnic diversity and conflict

**Lesson 18**

Wastewater treatment and water recycling

Economics of sports franchise location

Inca construction of Machu Picchu

**Lesson 19**

Natural landmarks of Russia

Protecting the Russian Arctic

Black Earth Belt

Russia’s climate zones

Weather data from climate stations across Russia

Tundra and taiga biomes

Steppe biome

Principle rivers of Russia

**Lesson 20**

Population density map of Russia

Russia’s demographics

Russian culture

Soviet Union timeline

Islam in Russia

Russian architecture

Censorship in Russia and the Soviet Union

Caucasus region and people

Turkic languages

Caucasian languages

**Lesson 22**

China population clock

Hong Kong territory profile

Volcanoes in the Pacific’s Ring of Fire

Chinese culture and heritage

Japanese culture

Mongolian culture

**Lesson 23**

Bhutan Gross National Happiness

Kashmir timeline

India and Pakistan’s Kashmir dispute

South Asia’s water issues

Video: Biggest cities in South Asia

Tourism in the Maldives

Natural features of India

Landmarks of Pakistan

Features and landmarks of Bangladesh

**Lesson 24**

Population data Southeast Asia

Southeast Asian nations and capitals

Natural wonders of Southeast Asia

Colonialism and nationalism

East Timor history

Vietnam country profile

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Krakatoa volcano

Tsunami preparedness

**Lesson 25**

Natural features of Middle East

Fossil fuels in the Middle East

Religions demographics

Religious significance of Jerusalem

Arabs and the Arab world

Ethnic tensions in Afghanistan

Modern architecture of the Middle East

Video: Islamic architecture

Water desalination in the Middle East

Bedouin culture

**Lesson 28**

Africa’s climate

Sahara Desert

Kalahari Desert

Natural features of Africa

Nile River

Desertification

Sahel region

Madagascar

Video: Congo Basin

**Lesson 29**

Western Sahara dispute

Moroccan Berbers

Algeria history and demographics

Tunisian landmarks

Arab Spring

Libya landmarks

Egyptian revolution 2011 (photos)

Timeline of Egyptian revolution

Building the Great Pyramid

Ancient Egypt

Preserving antiquities

**Lesson 30**

Sub-Saharan Africa (scroll down for links to each country)

Archeological finds in Africa

Population density

Language demographics

African Union

**Lesson 32**

Great Barrier Reef

Sunscreen Is Damaging Coral Reefs

Origins of aboriginal culture

Animals of Australia

Aboriginal art

Great Artesian Basin

Australia weather and seasons

**Lesson 33**

Countries and capitals of Oceania

Types of islands

Oceania’s indigenous peoples

Nuclear testing in Oceania

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

Lord of the Rings filming locations

**Lesson 34**

Photos of Antarctica

Antarctic wildlife

Larson C Ice Shelf

Facts about Antarctica

Ice shelf gains and losses

Video: Territorial claims

### World History: Communities and Connections

**Lesson 1:** *Agriculture and Early Civilizations*

The Cornell Note Taking System

MLA Works Cited Page: Books

MLA Works Cited Page: Periodicals

MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources

The Agricultural Revolution: Crash Course World History #1

Google maps

Motel of the Mysteries

British Museum, London, United Kingdom

Tomb of Queen Meresankh III (g 7530-7540)

**Lesson 3:** *States and Empires in Ancient South and East Asia*

Beyond Gender: Indigenous Perspectives, Muxe

**Lesson 4:** *”Globalizing Empires” in Rome and China*

Evaluating Sources: General Guidelines

The First Dacian War: Reliefs Scene-by-Scene on Trajan’s Column in Rome

**Lesson 5:** *Migration and State-Building in Ancient Sub-Saharan Africa*

Mapped: Visualizing the True Size of Africa

5 Must-Have Google Search Tips for Students

The Library of Congress

The British Library

National Geographic

Britannica

Smithsonian Collections

Artstor

Sub-Saharan Africa

Sundjata

One of Africa’s Best Kept Secrets—Its History

**Lesson 6:** *Ancient Americans*

Archeology Program – National Parks Service

Archaeology Law & Ethics

GlobalXplorer°

Hunting for Peru’s Lost Civilizations with Satellites

GlobalXplorer° Discovery Campaign Tutorial

Google Earth

**Lesson 8:** *Secular Power and Religious Communities (600-1000 CE)*

Medieval Sourcebook: Yakut: Baghdad under the Abbasids, c. 1000 CE

Medieval Sourcebook: Charlemagne: Summons to Army, c. 804-11

Teacher’s Guides and Analysis Tool: Primary Source Analysis Tool for Students

The Demonization of Empress Wu

**Lesson 9:** *Mid-Semester Review*

Penguin Classics

**Lesson 10:** *The Afro-Eurasian Network (1000-1300 CE)*

Pepper and Partnerships

**Lesson 12:** *Dynastic States in Eurasia (c. 1350-1600 CE)*

The Prince

Medieval Sourcebook: St. Louis’ Advice to His Son

**Lesson 13:** *Contact Colonization, and Catastrophe in the Americas (1450-1600 CE)*

Bartolomé de Las Casas Describes the Exploitation of Indigenous Peoples, 1542

Americae Sive Qvartae Orbis Partis Nova et Exactissima Description

**Lesson 19:** *The Age of Revolutions (1775-1850 CE)*

Declaration of Independence: A Transcription

MHS Collections Online

A Fair Account of the Late Unhappy Disturbance at Boston in New England

**Lesson 20:** *The Industrial and Consumer Revolutions*

Lucy Parsons on Women and Revolutionary Socialism (1905)

Modern History Sourcebook: Friederich Engels: Industrial Manchester, 1844

Modern History Sourcebook: Herbert Spencer: Social Darwinism, 1857

Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth (June 1889)

**Lesson 24:** *Anxiety and Disruption at the Turn of the Century (c. 1890-1914)*

Internet History Sourcebooks Project

**Lesson 26:** *World War I*

First World War Recruitment Posters

British Art of the First World War

The Fourteen Points

**Lesson 28:** *World War II*

The Digital Collections of the National WWII Museum

See You Next Year! High School Yearbooks from WWII

The Atlantic Charter

United Nations Charter

**Lesson 30:** *Decolonization and the Cold War, Part 1 (East, Southeast, and South Asia)*

Memo to People of Earth: ‘Third World’ Is an Offensive Term!

**Lesson 32:** *Decolonization and the Cold War, Part 3 (Europe and the Americas)*

Duck and Cover

Tom Lehrer—We Will All Go Together When We Go

**Lesson 33:** *Globalization*

How Do I Ask the Questions?” Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History

**Lesson 34:** *Global Challenges and the Anthropocene Era*

At Doom’s Doorstep: It Is 100 Seconds to Midnight