### Here you will find hyperlinks referenced in the Oak Meadow printed curriculum. Find your grade level or course below to find all the links from the coursebooks.

These external resources have been reviewed and vetted by our Oak Meadow teachers. While they are not owned by Oak Meadow, they can be a valuable supplement to the Oak Meadow curriculum.

We strive to make sure that all of our links are intact. If you find anything that seems to be missing or out of place, please let us know.

## Preschool – Grade 3

### Preschool

**Introduction**

Fairies, Gnomes, and Other Wee Folk

Gardening and Outdoors Fun

Sensory Experiences, Small World Bins, and More

Snacks and Treats

Nature Tables and Displays

Early Learning Activities

**Teaching and Learning: Rhythm**

Oak Meadow Resources

Living Education

Meagan Rose Wilson

How Wee Learn

**Teaching and Learning: Stories and Storytelling **

“Using a Flannel Board to Tell a Story”

“How To—DIY Children’s Felt Board—Hallmark Channel”

**Teaching and Learning: Art, A Creative Experience**

“Drawing with Block Crayons”

“Felting with Wool Roving”

**Month: September**

Had a Rooster Songtale

“Drying Flowers in Sand”

**Month: October**

“Finger Knitting with Children”

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: World Food Day

**Month: November**

“Pinecone Winter Owls Craft”

“How to . . . Make Sand Beads”

“How to Make Corn Husk Dolls”

How to Pop Homegrown Popcorn on the Cob in the Microwave:

**Month: December**

DIY Shoe Tying Practice Board

“Waldorf Window Star Tutorial”

“How to Make Hand-Dipped Beeswax Candles”

“How to Make Pomanders with Oranges and Cloves”

Night Sky Planner

**Month: January**

Teddy Bears Picnic

“Expansive Geometric Drawings Trampled in Snow and Sand by Simon Beck”

**Month: February**

“Valentine Craft Tissue Paper Stained Glass Heart”

**Month: March**

Raising Butterflies

The Butterfly Site

**Month: April**

“Rustic Honey Cake”

**Month: June**

“Terracotta Sharpie Paint Marker Design”

“Grandma Can Make Fairy Houses from Forest Finds”

“Easy to Make Bubble Paint for Toddler and Preschool Art”

**Month: July**

“Easy Cork Boat Craft for Kids”

**Month: Anytime**

“Toilet Paper Roll Train Craft”

**Songs (alphabetized)**

A Sailor Went to Sea, Sea, Sea

A Tistket, A Tasket

Do Your Ears Hang Low?

Down at the Station

Down by the Bay

Farmer in the Dell

Five Green and Speckled Frogs

Five Little Ducks Went Out to Play

Head and Shoulders, Knees and Toes

Here We Go Looby Loo

Hickory Dickory Dock

Hokey Pokey

I’m a Little Teapot

I’ve Been Working on the Railroad

Itsy Bitsy Spider

Jingle Bells

Lavender’s Blue

Little Red Caboose

London Bridge Is Falling Down

Mary had a Little Lamb

Oats, Peas, Beans, and Barley Grow

Oh, How Lovely is the Evening

Over in the Meadow

Over the River

Pop Goes the Weasel

Ring Around the Rosie

Row, Row, Row, Your Boat

Skinamarink a dink a dink

Teddy Bear’s Picnic

Ten Little Bunnies (one little, two little, three little bunnies) – Can use any animals–song is about dinosaurs

The Green Leaves Grew All Around

The Muffin Man

This Old Man, He Played One

Twinkle Twinkle Little Star

When You’re Happy & You Know It

Where is Thumbkin?

White Coral Bells

### Grade 1

**Language Arts**

**Lesson 31**: *phonics & reading activities*

Phonics lesson plans at teAchnology

Word games at PBS Kids

**Lesson 33: ***word study games*

FunBrain.com

Interactive Wordplays

**Social Studies**

**Lesson 14:** *local map sites*

MapQuest

Google Maps

The Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection at the University of Texas, Austin

**Lesson 15:** *state maps*

Blank outline state maps at 50states.com

State maps and data at infoplease.com

Printable maps and state quizzes at EnchantedLearning.com

**Lesson 16:** *United States maps*

Various U.S. maps at WorldAtlas.com

Reference and outline maps from NationalMap.gov

Building Marvels: Landmarks of the United States

**Lesson 36:** *appreciating diversity*

“Helping Children Understand Other Cultures” at Ohio State University

“Appreciating Diversity” at A Place of Our Own

**Science**

**Lesson 5:** *animal tracking sites*

Mammal Tracks at beartracker.com

Princeton University’s Outdoor Action Guide to Animal Tracking

**Lesson 19: ***Arctic*

Fun with Blubber!

How Do Whales, Penguins, and Polar Bears Keep Warm?

**Lesson 20:** *diurnal and nocturnal animals*

Night vision page at Nova Online

**Lesson 24:** *scientific method*

Sink or Float?

**Lesson 30:** *sounds in nature*

Animal sounds at naturesongs.com

Birdsong recordings at the Audubon Society

“Listening to Nature” at the California Library of Natural Sounds

**Lesson 31:** *birds’ nests*

Bird houses at 70birds.com

Bird Nests from Backyard Nature

**Lesson 34:** *bees & honey*

The British Beekeepers Association

Honey.com

### Math

Live Tutorials: Form Drawing Lessons

### Music

### Grade 2

**Language Arts**

**Lesson 8:** *phonics & word study
*Favorite Phonics Games, Apps, and Websites from Common Sense Education

Word games at Word Central

**Social Studies**

**Lesson 19:** *Celtic & Irish culture*

The Celtic Webring

Irish Culture and Customs

Who Were the Iron Age Celts?

**Lesson 20:** *Ancient China*

Ancient China for Kids

History for Kids: Ancient China

Ancient China Maps

**Lesson 21:** *Ancient Mali*

Ancient Africa for Kids

Sundiata on African History

History for Kids: Ancient Africa

**Lesson 24:** *ancient currency*

The Earliest Currency in Ireland

Coins of Ancient Greece & Rome

Origins of Coins

**Lesson 32:** *electing leaders*

Kids Voting USA

Ben’s Guide to U.S. Government

Exploring the Voting Process with Kids—A Family Activity

**Science**

**Lesson 15:** *beehives & beeswax*

Just for Kids! at Honey.com

The Buzz on Bees

Animal Video: Learn About Bees

Ten Facts About Honeybees

**Lesson 19: ***the weaverbird*

Animal Facts: Weaver Bird

Weavers of the World

**Lesson 20: ***the swiftlet*

The Glossy Swiftlet

Swiftlets and Bird’s Nest Soup

**Lesson 28:** *animal communication*

How Wolves Communicate

The Animal Communication Project

How Animals Use Smells

**Lesson 30:** *the desert biome*

Deserts at Blue Planet

The Desert Biome at the University of California, Berkeley

Biomes: Desert

**Lesson 31:** *animals & their habitats*

Animals at Blue Planet

Dolphin Research Center

A – Z Animals: Habitats

Animal Facts Sheets

**Lesson 32: ***reptiles*

Reptiles Magazine

Animals at the San Diego Zoo

**Lesson 33:** *frogs*

allaboutfrogs.org

Frogs at the San Francisco Exploratorium

Frog Facts

Fun Frog Facts for Kids

**Lesson 34:** *insects*

The Insects Home Page

Bug Bios

“Katerpillars & Mystery Bugs” from the University of Kentucky

**Lesson 35**: *birds*

All About Birds at Enchanted Learning

Fun Bird Facts for Kids

Birds: San Diego Zoo Kids

**Lesson 36:** *fish*

Fish Facts

Fish ‘n’ Kids

All About Fish

Some Interesting Facts About Fish

### Math

Live Tutorials: Form Drawing Lessons

**Lesson 10:** *Patterning Block*

Patterning Block (Multiplication Math Art Board)

### Music

### Grade 3

**Language Arts**

**General:**

*Where the Mountain Meets the Moon:* Activities

**Lesson 1: ***learning styles*

Learning Styles Explained

Learning Styles Online

Learning Styles

**Lesson 2:** *interactive language games*

ABCYA

Starfall

Primary Games

**Social Studies**

**Lesson 4:** *Phoenician writing*

Omniglot

The Phoenician Alphabet in Archaeology

Phoenicia.org

**Lesson 12: ***maps of the ancient world*

Phoenician Time Map

Ancient World Maps

Historical Maps at the Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection

**Lesson 15: ***Native American culture*

First Nations Histories

Native Americans and Lewis & Clark

Native American Tribes and Cultures

**Lesson 26:** *frontier life*

Fort Griffin

**Lesson 28:** *ancient Israel*

Moses at Kidipede

**Lesson 31: ***Native tales & legends*

Cherokee Stories

Native American Lore

**Lesson 33:** *basis of government*

“Join the Signers” at the National Archives

U.S. Electoral College

**Lesson 34:** *The Declaration of Independence*

Historic Philadelphia

The Declaration of Independence at USHistory.org

Congress for Kids

Ben’s Guide to U.S. Government

The Constitution for Kids

**Science**

**Lesson 21: ***the water cycle*

The Water Cycle

Kidzone

Absorption Experiments at Kids Science

**Lesson 22:** *photosynthesis*

Science Made Simple

Methuselah Tree

**Lesson 23:** *ecological conservation*

Ecology for Kids

**Lesson 24:** *more about the water cycle*

Environmental Kids Club

**Lesson 25:** *biomes*

World Biomes

Blue Planet Biomes

Geography4Kids

**Lesson 26:** *more about biomes*

Biomes of the World

The World’s Biomes

**Lesson 27:** *volcanoes & earthquakes*

Volcano Explorer

Field Trip to Mars

**Lesson 28: ***natural resources*

Natural Resources Conservation Service

National Wildlife Federation

Enrivonmental Kids Club

**Lesson 29:** *caves*

The Virtual Cave

The National Speleological Society

**Lesson 30: ***rocks*

Rocks and Sediments

Rocks for Kids

Mineralogy 4 Kids

**Lesson 32:** *the ocean*

Parent-Led Activities from the Monterey Bay Aquarium

**Lesson 33:** *the freshwater biome*

Freshwater Wetlands at the World Wildlife Fund

Aquatic Biomes

**Lesson 34**: *vertebrates & invertebrates*

Invertebrates

Vertebrates & Invertebrates at Fact Monster

Bronx Zoo Animal Research Guide

**Lesson 35:** *classifying plants*

Mosses at Backyard Nature

**Lesson 36:** *extinct & endangered animals & plants*

Endangered Species at the World Wildlife Fund

### Math

Live Tutorials: Form Drawing Lessons

### Music

## Grade 4

### Grade 4 - Language Arts

### Language Arts

**General**

Grammaropolis

The Word Search

Vocabulary Spelling City

Fry Sight Word Lists

18 Tactile Spelling Activities

41 Writing Prompts for 4th Grade

Teaching without Frills

**Lesson 2:** *Nouns and verbs*

Nouns and Verbs

Verbs for Kids

Action, Linking, and Helping Verbs

**Lesson 3:** *Alphabetizing; adjectives and adverbs*

A Lesson on Alphabetizing

Adjectives and Adverbs: English Grammar Made Simple

Adverbs

**Lesson 4:** *Sentence building*

6 Ways to Start a Sentence

The Sentence Song

**Lesson 5:** *Different types of adverbs*

English for Kids: Adverbs

Types of Adverbs

**Lesson 6:** *Ending punctuation*

The Punctuation Song

**Lesson 8:** *Pronouns; five-sentence paragraphs*

Pronouns

Pronoun Song

Paragraph song

**Lesson 11:** *Compound sentences*

Simple, compound, and complex sentences

**Lesson 14:** *Creating a storyboard; composing poetry*

Storyboard Templates

How to write poetry

Parts of a poem

5 poetry writing prompts for kids

**Lesson 16:** *Poetry memorization and recitation*

42 Famous Poems for Kids

Poems for kids to recite

Short Poems for Children

**Lesson 17:** *Subject and predicate*

Subjects and predicates

**Lesson 18:** *Sentence fragments; sentence building*

Sentence fragments

Using varied sentence types

**Lesson 20:** *Contractions; short story writing*

Contractions

Alphabetical list of contractions

Writing a story with beginning, middle, end

How to write a story for kids

**Lesson 23:** *Singular and plural possessives*

Grammar: Plural or possessive?

Punctuation: Using apostrophes to show singular & plural possession

Apostrophe trick

**Lesson 26 & 27:** *Elements of a short story*

Story Elements

How to Write a Story

**Lesson 29:** *Story endings*

Write great endings!

How to write an effective ending to a story

**Lesson 30:** *Editing and proofreading*

Editing your writing for kids

**Lesson 31:** *Revision and proofreading skills*

Tips for revision writing

ARMS Revising

### Grade 4 - Social Studies

### Social Studies

**General**

Native American societies before contact

Native Americans for Kids

Map skills for elementary students

Colonial America for Kids

Westward Expansion and the Old West

**Lesson 1:** L*ocal topography; very old tree*

What is topography?

**Lesson 2:** S*oil types and layering*

What’s the dirt on…dirt?

Types of soil

Get the scoop on soil

Layers of soil

**Lesson 7:** *Research Native American group*

An insightful look into the history of the Native Americans

**Lesson 8-10:** *Research report*

How to write a research paper for kids

**Lesson 11:** *Model of a traditional Native American village*

Dwellings of Native Americans

**Lesson 13:** *Relief maps*

Making a relief map

Representing mountains on maps

**Lesson 14:** *State symbols*

State symbols

**Lesson 15:** *State capitals; population centers*

Tour of the states (with capitals and symbols)

**Lesson 19:*** Early explorers and colonial settlers*

Early Explorers: Gold, God, and Glory

The American Explorers Explained

Early European Settlement of North America Explained

Life in Jamestown

Colonial Times (1585-1776)

**Lesson 23:** *Early settlers in local area*

What can be learned from a 17th century American town

**Lesson 25:** *Material culture of pioneers*

A Day in the Life of a 1850s Pioneer

Life in America 1800

The American West – Wagon Trails to the West (1849)

**Lesson 28:** *Native American leaders*

American’s Great Indian Leaders (Full Length Documentary)

**Lesson 29:** *California gold rush*

California Gold Rush for Kids

**Lesson 30:** *Famous lawmen of the Old West*

Lawmen of the Old West

10 of the most dangerous lawmen of the Old West

**Lesson 31:** *Pony Express*

Pony Express: A Brief History

The Pony Express: A Revolution in Transportation and Communication

10 things you may not know about the Pony Express

**Lesson 32:** *Transcontinental railroad*

Transcontinental Railroad and the American West

Building the Transcontinental Railroad

Golden Spike 150 Year Anniversary

### Grade 4 - Science

### Science

**General**

Foodplay.com video clips

Astronomy for Kids

Animals and Nature: DK Find Out!

**Lesson 1:** *Observation and description*

What Tree Rings Tell Us About the Life of a Tree

Reading the rings of a tree

**Lesson 2:** *Patterns and shapes in nature*

Patterns in nature

Math patterns in nature

The Mathematics of Nature’s Patterns

**Lesson 4:** *Similarities between forms in nature*

Finding Geometry in Nature

**Lesson 6:** *Seed sprouting experiment*

Bean time-lapse 25 days

Growing pea time-lapse

**Lesson 7:** *Chart experiment data; compare seed growth*

Types of Graphs

**Lesson 8:** *Seed transportation*

7 Brilliant Ways Seeds and Fruits Are Dispersed

Seed Dispersal for Kids

Fruits and seed dispersal

**Lesson 10:** *Parts of a cell*

Parts of the cell for kids

Cells are the starting point

What is a cell?

**Lesson 11:** *Food energy and food values*

Food Energy Basics for Kids

**Lesson 12:** *Nutritional diets*

How to Create a Healthy Plate

You are what you eat!

Sparkle Kitchen: Rainbow Salad

**Lesson 13:** *Sugar; reading food labels*

Making Healthy Choices Using Nutrition Facts Labels

The Nutrition Facts Label

**Lesson 15:** *Dog breeds*

Breeds of Dogs, Part 1

Breeds of Dogs, Part 2

Puppy Breeds 101

190 Dog Breeds Before and After Growing Up

**Lesson 17:** *Dogs helping people*

These Dogs Help Humans in Amazing Ways

How Dogs (Eventually) Became our Best Friends

**Lesson 23: ***Birdcalls; nature signs*

BirdNET

**Lesson 28:** *Constellations*

Constellation Facts for Kids

What are stars and constellations

A Kid’s Guide to Stargazing

Night sky: Summer Triangle

**Lesson 29:** *Moon; gravity*

All About the Moon

Where Did the Moon Come From?

Why Does the Moon Change?

Defining Gravity

What if there was no gravity on Earth?

Gravity!

**Lesson 31:** *Meteors and comets; auroras*

What’s the Difference Between Comets, Asteroids, Meteoroids, Meteors, & Meteorites?

Meteor Showers 101

All About Comets for Kids

All About Auroras

What Causes the Northern Lights?

**Lesson 33:** *Latitude and longitude*

Latitude and Longitude

Reading a Map: Latitude and Longitude

**Lesson 35:** *Cardinal directions; compass navigation*

Cardinal Directions: Explanations for Kids

3 Compass Games

How to Use a Compass

### Grade 4 - Music and Art

### Music & Art

**General**

Recorder Songs – Audio Files

Art Explorations for Kids

How to Draw a Perspective Landscape

Famous Paintings, Art Appreciation for Kids

4 Watercolor Techniques

**Lesson 2:** *Tonal drawing*

Tonal shading tips

**Lesson 3:** *Negative space*

Positive and negative space in art for kids

**Lesson 4:** *Drawing from a close-up viewpoint*

Drawing from near and far

**Lesson 9:** *Perspectives in art*

What is perspective in art?

Perspective art for kids

**Lesson 10:** *Foreshortened circles; shading*

Foreshortened circle

**Lesson 11:** *Foreshortened square, three-dimensional lettering*

Foreshortened squares

How to draw 3D letters

**Lesson 12:** *Spherical drawings*

How to draw a sphere

**Lesson 13:** *Still life; surface lines law of perspective*

Observational drawing for kids

**Lesson 18:** *Viewing art*

Art for kids: meet 10 famous paintings and artists

**Lesson 25:** *Watercolor paintings*

5 easy watercolor techniques for kids

Water colours on wet paper

Watercolor tutorial: wet in wet technique for beginners

**Lesson 27:** *Drawing for science*

Let’s make a scientific drawing

How do scientists draw and label leaves

**Lesson 32:** *Drawing birds*

How to draw a bird

How to draw a chickadee

How to draw a cardinal

**Lesson 34**: *Human figure drawing*

How to draw a simple human body for kids

Draw people: proportion

**Lesson 35:** *Landscape drawing*

Art projects for kids: landscapes

How to draw a landscape: art lesson for kids

## Grade 5

### Grade 5 - English

### English

**General**

Learn from Great Writers

Citing Sources: Why & How to Do It

WriteAlong for 5th Grade

How-To Writing for Kids

**Lesson 1:** *Subjects and predicates*

Complete subjects and predicates

**Lesson 2:** *Dependent and independent clauses*

Independent and dependent clauses

**Lesson 3:** *Simple and compound subjects and predicates*

Simple and compound subjects and predicates

**Lesson 4:** *Compound sentences and conjunctions*

Simple and compound sentence for kids

**Lesson 5:** *Complex sentences*

Complex Sentences

Clauses and Complex Sentences

**Lesson 6:** *Sentence fragments; run-on sentences*

Fragments and Run-On Sentences

**Lesson 7:** *capitalization; outlines*

Capitalization

How to Create an Outline for Kids

**Lesson 8:** *Common and proper nouns; possessive nouns*

Common Nouns and Proper Nouns

What Are Possessive Nouns?

**Lesson 9:** *Adjectives and adverbs*

Adjectives and Adverbs

The Adverb Song

Unpack Your Adjectives

The Adjective Song

**Lesson 10:** *Dividing words into syllables; forming plural nouns*

What Are Syllables?

Teaching Spelling Rules for Making Words Plural

Singular and Plural Nouns for Kids

Plurals, ‘y’ endings. Adding ‘ies’

**Lesson 11:** *Sentence types*

4 Types of Sentences

The Four Types of Sentences Song

**Lesson 12:** *Direct quotations; in-text citations*

How to Use Quotation Marks

How to Write Direct Speech

Citations for Beginners

What Are In-Text Citations?

**Lesson 14:** *Punctuating dialogue; revising, editing, and proofreading*

Tips for Revising Writing

ARMS Revising

Why Is Proofreading So Important?

**Lesson 15 & 16:** *Base words, prefixes, suffixes*

What are Suffixes?

Learning Tips: Prefixes and Suffixes

**Lesson 17:** *Verb forms*

Past Tense Verbs vs. Past Participle

Simple Verb Tenses (Present, Past, and Future Tense)

**Lesson 18:** *Prepositions, prepositional phrases*

What is a Preposition?

Prepositional Phrases

**Lesson 19:** *Contractions; plural possessives*

What is a Contraction?

Apostrophes: When to Use Them

Singular & Plural Possessives

**Lesson 20:** *Faulty sentences*

10 Examples of Bad Grammar To Avoid

**Lesson 21:** *Five-paragraph essay*

How to Write a Five Paragraph Essay

**Lesson 23:** *Simple, compound, and complex sentences*

Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences

**Lesson 24 & 25:** *Types of adverbs; homophones*

Different Kinds of Adverbs

By Bye Buy

Learn the Homophones

**Lesson 26:** *Double negatives*

Double Negatives

**Lesson 27:** *Creative writing; descriptive writing*

What is Descriptive Writing?

Show, Don’t Tell

Writing with the Senses

**Lesson 28:** *Antonyms, synonyms*

What are Synonyms and Antonyms?

**Lesson 30:** *Writing business letters*

How to Write Business Letters for Kids

**Lesson 31:** *Biography*

How to Write a Biography for Kids

Elements of a Biography

100+ Beautiful Biographies Your Kids Will Love

**Lesson 32:** *Poetry*

Poems for Kids

The Kids Are All Write: How to Write a Poem

Poetry Writing for Kids

### Grade 5 - US History

### U.S. History

**General**

A Young People’s History of the United States

Legends of America

Ben’s Guide to the U.S. Government

Liberty’s Kids: American Revolution

**Lesson 1:** *Early Explorers, early navigation*

Early Navigational Tools

The History of Navigation

PBS World Explorers

Learn About Native Americans before European Colonization

**Lesson 2:** *Columbus*

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus Biography

**Lesson 3:** *James and Roanoke*

Virginia: Roanoke and Jamestown

What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke?

**Lesson 4:** *Mayflower Compact*

We are still here: Four hundred years of Wampanoag history

The Pilgrims: Mayflower Compact

How the Mayflower Compact Laid a Foundation for American Democracy

**Lesson 5:** *Early colonies*

The 13 Colonies for Kids

Mr. Zoller’s Thirteen Colonies podcast series

**Lesson 6:** *Colonial living*

Colonial American: Living conditions, jobs, religion, and more

Colonial Times (1585-1776)

Colonial Cooking

**Lesson 7:** *Salem witch trials*

Salem Witch Museum

Salem Witch Trial Facts for Kids

**Lesson 8:** *Puritan way of life*

Puritan Life

A Taste of Puritan Life

**Lesson 9:** *Colonial trades and crafts*

Crafts and Trades

Colonial Craft Tutorials

33 Colonial Activities for Kids

**Lesson 10:** *Traditional uses of plants*

Colonial Garden Plants

Colonial Kitchen Garden

**Lesson 11:** *Spanish missions; French and Indian War*

Spanish Missions

El Camino Real de los Tejas

Virtual Field Trip: San Antonio Missions

The French and Indian War Explained

**Lesson 12:** *Colonial games and toys*

Colonial Classroom: Colonial Toys and Games

**Lesson 13:** *Taxation without representation; Boston Tea Party*

Taxation without Representation

The story behind the Boston Tea Party

Tea Party – Schoolhouse Rock – No more Kings

**Lesson 14:** *Declaration of Independence; American Revolution*

The Declaration of Independence

John Adams – Writing the Declaration of Independence

Liberty’s Kids: The First Fourth of July

American Revolution Spies

African American Patriots

**Lesson 15:** *Paul Revere; Revolution War*

Paul Revere Facts for Kids

Paul Revere’s Ride (video reenactment)

Roles of Women During the Revolutionary War

**Lesson 16:** *George Washington*

George Washington Biography

Washington’s War

Liberty’s Kids: Washington Takes Command

**Lesson 17:** *The Constitution*

Teaching the Constitution

U.S. Constitution for Kids

Liberty’s Kids: We the People

**Lesson 18:** *Experiments with electricity*

16 fun electricity experiments and activities

5 awesome static electricity experiments

**Lesson 19:** *Ben Franklin*

Ben Franklin: My First Biography

Liberty’s Kids: Postmaster General Franklin

Benjamin Franklin: Inventions and Improvements

Sounds of a Glass Armonica

**Lesson 20:** *Weather lore; Poor Richard’s Almanack*

Weather Lore, The Nature Navigator

Weather Lore Articles (The Old Farmer’s Almanac

Poor Richard, 1739

**Lesson 21:** *Thomas Jefferson; Louisiana Purchase; Lewis & Clark*

Thomas Jefferson

The duality of Thomas Jefferson

Louisiana Purchase facts for kids

Lewis & Clark

Moments in Time: From the Journals of Lewis & Clark

**Lesson 22:** *Tecumseh; War of 1812*

Tecumseh: History for Kids

The Wisdom of Chief Tecumseh

The War of 1812

War of 1812 in 12 Minutes

**Lesson 23:** *Andrew Jackson; Indian Removal Act*

Andrew Jackson

Indian Removal Act

Trail of Tears (National Historic Trail)

**Lesson 24:** *Native American leaders*

American’s Great Indian Leaders (full length documentary)

Great Native American Chiefs

Native Knowledge 360

“We Still Live Here”

Abenaki Legends

Sacajawea (1788-1812)

9 Famous Native American Women in History You Need to Know

Blackfeet Indian Stories

**Lesson 25 & 26:** *Life on the Western Frontier; Pioneer Life*

Daily Life on the Frontier

What Kids Did on the Western Frontier

Westward Expansion: Log Cabin

48 Snapshots of Life in the Real Wild West

**Lesson 27:** *Northwest Territories*

Northwest Territories Facts for Kids

Northwest Territories Timeline

**Lesson 28:** *Mexican-American War; California Gold Rush*

The Mexican-American War

California Gold Rush of 1849

Gold Fever

**Lesson 29:** *Civil War; slavery and abolitionists*

Causes of the American Civil War

American Civil War Women

How Southern socialites rewrote Civil War history

Slavery in America for Kids – Abolitionism (1688-1865)

The Atlantic Slave Trade: What too few textbooks told you

Life Aboard a Slave Ship

African American Folktales

**Lesson 30:** *Underground Railroad*

How the Underground Railroad Worked

Secrets and Codes of the Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman’s road to freedom

The breathtaking courage of Harriet Tubman

Frederick Douglass, the most photographed American of the 19th century

**Lesson 32:** *State symbols*

State Symbols USA

**Lesson 34:** *Influential women in history*

25 of the Most Influential Women in American History

Famous Firsts in Women’s History

### Grade 5 - Science

### Science

**General**

Study James! Interactive Math and Science Activities

Crash Course Kids: 5th Grade Science Videos

NASA Climate Kids

Science Sparks: Making Science Fun for Kids

**Lesson 1:** *Scientific inquiry; bird beaks as tools*

Scientific Theory & Evidence

Think Like a Scientist

How Beaks Are Adapted to What Birds Eat

Cornell Lab Bird Cams

**Lesson 2:** *Scientific ways of knowing; indicator species; frogs*

Learn All About the Scientific Method Steps

What are Indicator Species?

Disappearing Frogs

**Lesson 3:** *Methods of Measurement*

Measurement Mystery

Math Antics: Intro to the Metric System

**Lesson 4:** *Magnification as a scientific tool*

Animal Cells

Plant Cells

**Lesson 5:** *Living and nonliving things*

It’s Alive!

Living and Non-Living Things

**Lesson 6:** *Food chains; food webs; diversity of ecosystems*

Food Webs and Food Chains

Dead Stuff: The Secret Ingredient in our Food Chain

Food Webs and Energy Pyramids: Bedrocks of Biodiversity

Understanding Ecosystems for Kids

**Lesson 7:** *Balance of nature*

How Does Cooperation Evolve?

Competition, Predation, and Symbiosis

**Lesson 8:** *Endangered species; animal behavior*

Endangered Species

Animal Behavior

Animal Adaptation

Animal Tricksters!

**Lesson 9:** *Protected habitats; predators and prey; the ripple effect*

Habitats

Animal Conservation Explained

Things Kids Can Do to Save Wildlife and Habitats

Predator vs. Prey

**Lesson 10:** *Forest and desert biomes*

The Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome

Rainforest 101

Desert Biome Facts

**Lesson 11:** *Tundra, grasslands, and ocean*

Tundra

What is a Grassland Biome?

Oceans 101

Exploring Our Pristine Seas

**Lesson 12:** *Water cycle; water usage and conservation*

Precipitation Education: The Water Cycle

Conserving Water at Home

**Lesson 13:** *Astronomy early theories; movement of Earth, moon and stars*

Early Astronomers: Ptolemy, Aristotle, Copernicus, and Galileo

Movements of the Sun, Moon, and Earth

Star Facts for Kids

**Lesson 14:** *Solar system*

Solar System 101

Planets for Kids

How to Make a 3D Solar System Project

**Lesson 15:** *Pollution and earth’s resources*

Fossil Fuels vs. Renewable Energy Sources

The World Counts: What is Pollution?

13 Eco-Friendly Practices to Teach Your Kids

What is Being Environmentally Friendly?

**Lesson 16:** *Energy conservation; renewable energy; environmental friendly building*

Climate Kids: What Can We Do to Help?

Renewable Energy Explained in 2.5 Minutes

The Most Eco-Friendly Home Construction Materials

Green Building

**Lesson 17:** *Recycling; healthy food sources; Earth stewardship*

Recycle City

Kids’ Super Guide to Recycling

What Happens to Your Recycling After It’s Collected?

34 Recycled Material Innovations

**Lesson 19:** *Weather patterns*

Bill Nye: Atmospheric Pressure

The History of the Barometer (and How It Works)

What is the Jet Stream?

Be a Weather Watcher

**Lesson 20:** *Clouds and storms*

Finding the Dew Point

All the Cloud Types

Why Do Clouds Stay Up?

Rain Shadow

Hurricane, Tornado, Cyclone – What’s the Difference?

**Lesson 21:** *Characteristics of life; plant and animal cells*

Characteristics of Life

Cell Structure

What Are the Parts of an Animal Cell?What Are the Parts of a Plant Cell?

**Lesson 22:** *Classification systems*

Classification of Living Things

**Lesson 23:** *Body tissues*

Types of Human Body Tissue

The Human Brain

The Brain: Amazing Body Facts for Kids

Blood

How Your Muscular System Works

Biology for Kids: Organs

**Lesson 24:** *Body systems*

Body Systems and Vital Organs

How the Body Works

Digestion

The Skeletal System

The Nervous System

**Lesson 25:** *Body structures*

Bird Anatomy

Body of a Snake

The Walrus: Physical Characteristics

Understanding the Weird Anatomy of an Octopus

**Lesson 27:** *Physics; early theories; properties of gravity*

Physics for Kids

5 Offbeat Physical Science Experiments for Beginners

What is Gravity?

**Lesson 28:** *Energy; states of matter; heat energy; conduction, convection, and radiation*

States of Matter

Heat Energy

Three Methods of Heat Transfer!

Difference Between Conduction, Convection, and Radiation

10 Condensation Examples

Convection Currents: Science Demonstration

Convection Current Demonstration

**Lesson 29:** *Expansion, contraction, and properties of water*

The Uses of Expansion and Contraction of Matter in Daily Life

Properties of Water

How Does Surface Tension Work?

**Lesson 30:** *Light energy*

Life Spectrum

Disappearing Color Wheel

Understanding Reflection of Light

Understanding Absorption of Light: WhyDo We See Different Colors?

Electromagnetic Waves

**Lesson 31:** *Sound waves*

What is Sound?

Pitch & Frequency

Volume & Amplitude

Why Do We Hear Echoes?

The Speed of Sound and How Does It Travel

The Science of Hearing

**Lesson 32:** *Electricity, magnetism*

Bill Nye: Static Electricity

Circuit Basics: What’s the Difference Between AC and DC Power?

Electromagnets: How Do They Work?

**Lesson 33:** *Air pressure*

Floating Balls: Bernoulli’s Principle Visualized

What is Aerodynamics?

The Science of Airplane Flight

**Lesson 34:** *Technology and design*

How to Teach Problem-Solving to Kids

Famous Inventions

How to Become a Young Inventor

**Lesson 35:** *Center of gravity; friction; bending light; sonar; electricity in the body*

Center of Gravity

Friction Basics

Bending Light

What is Sonar?

Echolocation

## Grade 6

### Grade 6 - English

### English

**General**

Grammar Monster

Mind Blooming

Teaching Without Frills

**Lesson 1:** *Sentence structure*

A Complete Guide to Sentence Structure

How to Create Sentence Variety

**Lesson 2:** *Nouns*

Common and Proper Nouns

Concrete and Abstract Nouns

Collective Nouns

**Lesson 3:** *Note-taking and citations*

How to Take Good Notes

Note-Taking Strategies for Middle Schoolers

Citations for Beginners

How to Avoid Plagiarism in 5 Easy Steps

**Lesson 4:** *The writing process*

How to Use the Writing Process (in Plain English!)

Six Traits of Narrative Writing

**Lesson 5:** *Capitalization*

Capitalization Rules

**Lesson 6:** *Direct and indirect quotations*

Using Speech Marks

**Lesson 7:** *Poetry*

Poetry Writing Lessons for Kids

**Lesson 8:** *Report writing*

Informational Writing for Kids

**Lesson 9:** *Short-story writing*

Journal Buddies

Parts of a Story

Plot Mountain! The Plot Diagram Song

**Lesson 10:** *Clauses and conjunctions*

What is a Conjunction?

What are Adverb Clauses?

The Simple Summary

**Lesson 11:** *Expository essay*

Expository Writing: Writing to Explain

Narrative vs. Expository

**Lesson 12:** *Descriptive writing*

Descriptive Language

Improve Your Writing: Show, Don’t Tell

**Lesson 13:** *Organizing information*

Describing Characters

Character Traits and Character Development

**Lesson 14:** *Commonly misused words; first-person point of view*

Top 30 Commonly Confused Words in English

Understanding Point of View

**Lesson 15:** *Comparative essay*

Compare and Contrast

**Lesson 16:** *Punctuation*

Learn All About the Different Punctuation Marks and What They Do

First, Second, and Third Person

**Lesson 19:** *Opinion essay*

Opinion Writing for Kids

**Lesson 20:** *Persuasive essay*

Writing a Persuasive Piece

Persuasive Devices

**Lesson 21:** *Sentence building*

Building Sentences

Subordinating Conjunctions

**Lesson 22:** *Supporting details*

Wordiness

Main Idea and Details

**Lesson 25:** *Prepositional phrases*

Prepositional Phrases

**Lesson 27:** *Homophones*

Learn the Homophones

**Lesson 29:** *Writing dialogue*

How To Write Dialogue

Rules for Punctuating Dialogue

How to Write a Play

Virtual Adventures in Playwriting

“Much Ado About Nothing: Act 2, Scene 3 | Shakespeare’s Globe”

“Much Ado About Nothing – Hilarious Benedick Scene (Alexis Denisof and Amy Acker)”

“In This Scene . . . ‘As You Like It’”

**Lesson 32:** *Prefixes, suffixes, and parts of speech*

Subjects and Predicates

The Parts of Speech

**Lesson 33:** *Writing a book review*

How to Write a Book Review: 6 Steps

### Grade 6 - Ancient Civilizations

### Ancient Civilizations

**General**

History for Kids

Animated map shows how religion spread around the world

Medieval Life and Times

8 Trade Routes That Shaped World History

History: DK Find Out!

**Lesson 1:** *The Stone Age*

Stone Age Facts for Children and Teachers

Cave Art 101

Explore Cave Paintings in this 360 degree animated cave

**Lesson 2:** *Ancient Mesopotamia*

Ancient Mesopotamia

The History of Writing: Where the Story Begins

Hammurabi’s Code

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Top 11 Most Important Events in Ancient Babylonia

**Lesson 3 & 4:*** Ancient Egypt*

Ancient Egypt

The Egyptian Book of the Dead: A Guidebook for the Underworld

The Mummification Process

Hapshepsut: The Woman Who Was King 1479-1457 BC

A Brief History of Time Measurement

**Lesson 5:** *Ancient Israelites*

Ancient Israelites

Moses and the Exodus

**Lesson 6:** *Hebrew history*

What is Judaism?

Solomon

**Lesson 7:** *Ancient Persia*

The Persian Empire

How Powerful Was the Persian Empire?

The Cyrus Cylinder: An Artifact Ahead of Its Time

Darius I and the Greatest Lie in History

A Brief Overview of Zoroastrianism

**Lesson 8:*** Ancient India*

Wondrous Ancient Asia

Ancient Indian Daily Life

Buddhism – The Eightfold Path

Music of India: An Exploration of Indian Music

**Lesson 9:** *Ancient China*

Ancient China for Kids (All You Need To Know!)

All China’s Dynasties Explained in 7 Minutes

Day in the Life of a Chinese Emperor

6 Most Feared Female Warriors in Chinese History

Chinese Fashion Through Dynasties

Chinese Hairstyles Through the Dynasties

The Silk Road: Connecting the Ancient World Through Trade

**Lesson 10:** *Chinese philosophy, inventions*

Who Was Confucius?

Eastern Philosophy: Lao Tzu

Ancient China for Kids: Inventions and Technology

The Myth Behind the Chinese Zodiac

The Incredible History of China’s Terracotta Warriors

**Lesson 11:** *Ancient Africa*

Ancient Africa for Kids

African Stories: Fables, Myths, Folktales from Africa

Top 13 Most Powerful Queens in Ancient Africa

Five (ish) Minute Drum Lesson

How Is It Made? The Making of African Masks

**Lesson 12:** *Ancient Crete*

Crete in Ancient Times

Minoans and Mycenaeans

The Palace of Knossos

Theseus and the Minotaur

**Lesson 13:** *Ancient Greece*

Ancient Greece Facts for Kids (All You Need To Know!)

The Rise of Democracy in Greece

Greek Art and Architecture Facts for Kids

Wonders of the World

Did Ancient Troy Really Exist?

**Lesson 14:** *Ancient Greek Civilization*

From Slave to Rebel Gladiator: The Life of Spartacus

Alexander the Great

Music and Creativity in Ancient Greece

The Ancient Origins of the Olympics

**Lesson 15:** *Ancient Rome*

The Roman Republic

Justinian’s Code

Hannibal: Across the Alps on War Elephants

Roman Military Technology and Tactics

**Lesson 16:*** The Roman Empire*

Ancient Roman Gods and Myths

The Lost City of Pompeii

A Tour Through Ancient Rome

How They Did It: Pet Dogs in Ancient Rome

Construct an Aqueduct

Why Did the Roman Empire Fall?

**Lesson 17:** *Christianity*

Early Christianity

Animated Map Shows How Christianity Spread Around the World

**Lesson 18:** *Islam*

History of Early Islamic World for Kids

Life of Muhammad and the Beginnings of Islam

Islam: Five Pillars, Nation of Islam & Definition

Spread of Islam

**Lesson 19:** *Celtic and Germanic Tribes*

Germanic Tribes

15 Ancient Celtic Gods and Goddesses You Should Know About

A Day in the Life of a Celtic Druid

The Rise and Fall of Celtic Warriors

How to Draw Celtic Patterns

**Lesson 20:** *Middle Ages*

The Middle Ages in 3.5 Minutes

How Dark Were the Dark Ages?

Interactive Viking Exploration Map

Medieval Art and Architecture

**Lesson 21:** *Knights and Nobles of the Middle Ages*

The Middle Ages: A Comprehensive Overview of Europe 500-1500

The Feudal System and the Domesday Book

The Knight

Medieval Castle Layout

The Norman Conquest Explained in 10 Minutes

**Lesson 22:** *England and France in the Middle Ages*

What is Magna Carta?

The Knight with the Lion

Manorial System, Commoners, Peasants

Soap and Washing: Did They Have Soap in Medieval Times?

Women in the Middle Ages

Biography: Joan of Arc

**Lesson 23:** *The Changing Society of the Middle Ages*

Guilds, Wool, and Trade: Medieval England in a Global Economy

Education in the Middle Ages

Middle Ages: Entertainment and Games

Trade and Economics in the Middle Ages

A Brief History of Women’s Work in the Middle Ages

**Lesson 24:** *The Crusades of the Middle Ages*

The Religious Relationship Between Byzantium and the West

The Crusades in 5 Minutes

Extra History: Genghis Kahn

Podcast: The Story of the Middle Ages

**Lesson 25:** *Renaissance*

Renaissance Interactive

Renaissance Table Etiquette and the Origins of Manners

Johannes Gutenberg and the Printing Press

**Lesson 26:** *Arts and Artists of the Renaissance*

Renaissance Architecture and Buildings

Patrons & Artists in Renaissance Italy

The Medici: Portraits and Politics

**Lesson 27:** *Artistic Innovations of the Renaissance*

Renaissance Art for Kids

Painting Techniques of the Renaissance

Williams Shakespeare Facts for Kids

**Lesson 28:*** Innovative Ideas of the Renaissance*

Renaissance Humanism

The Renaissance Writers Who Shaped the Modern World

Scientific Revolution

**Lesson 29:** *The Reformation*

A Fun, Animated History of the Man Who Started It All

How the Reformation Shaped Your World

**Lesson 30:** *Mayan Civilization*

History of the Mayan Civilization and Ancient Capital City Tikal

Mayan Facts for Kids

Maya Math Game

Why Did the Maya Civilization Collapse

Mayan Family Life

10 Mayan Secret Places That Were Hidden for Centuries

**Lesson 31:** *First Peoples of North America*

Native American History for Kids

Native American Societies Before Contact

Mound Builders: Mississippian Culture and Houses

Anasazi Puebloans

Native American Culture Centers

Native People of the Arctic and Subarctic

Canada’s First Peoples: The Inuit

A Very Short History of the Coast Salish People

**Lesson 32:** *Aztec Civilization*

The Aztec Empire: Society, Politics, Religion, and Agriculture

Aztec Empire

Aztec Gods and Their Symbols

What Everyday Life Was Like For the Aztecs

**Lesson 33:** *Empire of the Incas*

The Rise and Fall of the Inca Empire

Incas for Kids

Inca Social Hierarchy

Illustrated: How To Build a Polygonal Megalithic Wall

**Lesson 34:** *Early Explorers*

Navigation of the American Explorers 15th to 17th Centuries

How Did Early Sailors Navigate the Oceans?

The Age of Exploration

The Atlantic Slave Trade: What Too Few Textbooks Told You

Why Did Europeans Enslave Africans?

How Magellan Circumnavigated the Globe

Francis Drake Sales Around the World

**Lesson 35:** *Around the World*

The International Date Line, Explained

What Are Ocean Currents and How Do They Work?

### Grade 6 - Science

### Science

**General**

Nature Conservancy: Youth Education Resources for Grades 6-8

Smithsonian Science Education Center

The Great Plant Escape

Science Scrapbook

Odyssey Earth

KidsHealth: How the Body Works

TED-Ed: Awesome Nature

**Lesson 1:** *Science and the scientific method*

Steps of the Scientific Method in 3 Minutes

You Are Already a Scientist — No Matter Who You Are

Fact vs. Theory vs. Hypothesis vs. Law…Explained!

**Lesson 2:** *The environment*

What is Climate Change?

How To Talk To Kids About Climate Change

**Lesson 3:** *Biology*

Biology for Kids

All of Biology in 9 Minutes

Map of Biology

**Lesson 4:** *Cells*

The Wacky History of Cell Theory

Introduction to Cells: The Grand Cell Tour

The Parts of the Cell Song

What Are the Levels of Organization in the Body?

**Lesson 5:** *Green plants & the seedling*

How Does a Seed Become a Plant?

Great Plant Escape: Plant Parts

5 of the World’s Most Bizarre Seeds

Travel Deep Inside a Leaf

**Lesson 7:*** Soil and nutrients*

Healthy Soils Build Healthy Ecosystems

Why is Composting Good for the Environment?

How to Do Your Own Soil Experiment

The World of Soil (Berlese Funnel Experiment)

**Lesson 8:** *Stems and transportation*

Roots and Stems

Learn All About Leaves: Discover the Surprises Hidden in Ordinary Leaves

The Color-Changing Celery Experiment

Find the Hidden Colors of Autumn Leaves

**Lesson 9:** *Photosynthesis*

Photosynthesis, Explained

Photosynthesis: Learn How Plants Make Their Own Food

**Lesson 10:** *Flowers and plant reproduction*

Look Inside a Flower!

The Life Cycle of Flowering Plants

Self-Pollination and Cross-Pollination

**Lesson 11:** *How plants sense and respond*

The Science Behind Why Plants Grow Up and Roots Grow Down

Phototropism, Explained

**Lesson 12:** *Cell division*

What is Reproduction in Plants?

Biology for Kids: Cell Division and Cycle

Mitosis: The Amazing Cell Process That Uses Division to Multiply!

Meiosis

Mitosis vs. Meiosis: Side by Side Comparison

**Lesson 13:*** Groups of living things*

Classification of Living Things

Scientific Studies: Taxonomy

**Lesson 14:** *Other types of living organisms*

The Kingdoms of Life

What is a Protist?

Fungi: Why Mushrooms Are Awesome

Fungi Timelapse Photography by Planet Earth II’s Steve Axford

What are Bacteria?

How a Virus Works

**Lesson 15:** *The plant kingdom*

Plants That Make Spores: Mosses, Ferns, Liverworts, and Horsetails

Why Lichen and Moss Are Amazing

Angiosperms: Seeds in Fruit

Gymnosperms: Seeds in Cones

**Lesson 16:** *The animal kingdom*

Animal Classification

Animal Kingdom

**Lesson 17:** *Simple animals*

Phyla of Simple Animals

Sponges

Jellyfish and Comb Jellies: Cnidarians and Ctenophora

How Does a Jellyfish Sting?

Coral Reefs and Corals

Worms Are Wonderful

Mollusks: The Survival Game

Octopus

**Lesson 18:** *More animal phyla*

Arthropod

Echinoderm

Chordate: Vertebrate Body Plan

Phylum Chordata: Which Animals Belong?

**Lesson 19:** *Vertebrates*

Difference Between Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Fish or Not Fish: Is That Aquatic Animal a Fish?

All About Amphibians

Amazing Snakes!

Birds

All About Mammals

**Lesson 20:** *Animal life cycles*

Animal Life Cycles

Heredity: Who Are You?

Genetics 101

Metamorphosis: The Great Transformation

**Lesson 21:** *Animal behavior*

Intro to Animal Behavior

Inherited Trait vs. Learned Behavior

Carnivores, Herbivores, and Omnivores

Niche

Animal Adaptations for Kids

**Lesson 22:** *Food chains*

Food Chains

Dead Stuff: The Secret Ingredient in our Food Chain

How to Eat Lower on the Food Chain

**Lesson 23:** *Ecology and the environment*

The Wild Report Ecology Series

Biomes of the World for Children

5 Ecosystems Thriving in the Least Likely Places

Why Does Biodiversity Matter to Me?

Habitat vs. Niche: Definition, 14 Major Differences, Examples

**Lesson 24:** *Populations*

Population, Community, Ecosystem

Types of Communities

**Lesson 25:** *The balance of nature*

Human Impacts on Biodiversity

Can Wildlife Adapt to Climate Change?

What is the Sixth Mass Extinction?

Endangered Animals: How They Become Extinct

How To Save Endangered Animals

Are Endangered Animals Worth Saving?

Should Zoos Exist?

**Lesson 26:** *Human life*

You Are What Your Eat!

Nutrition Fact Labels – How To Read

Fruits and Vegetables: Enzymic Browning

How Do Vitamins Work?

**Lesson 27:** *Proteins*

What are Proteins?

15 Best Plant-Based Protein Foods

Dietary Fiber and Poop

**Lesson 28:** *The digestive system*

How Your Digestive System Works

Why Do We Have Saliva?

Your Urinary System (For Kids)

How Do Your Kidneys Work?

**Lesson 29:** *The respiratory system*

Science for Kids: Breathing and the Respiratory System

Travel Through the Respiratory System

How Many Breaths Do You Take Each Day?

Why Can It Be Hard to Breathe After a Fall?

**Lesson 30:** *The circulatory system*

All About Blood

How Does Blood Travel Through Your Body?

Is Your Heart Shaped Like a Heart?

**Lesson 31:** *The lymphatic and endocrine systems*

The Lymphatic System

Your Endocrine System (for Kids)

How Do Your Hormones Work?

What Are Microbes: Human Body Defense System

**Lesson 32:*** The skeletal system*

Your Super Skeleton!

The Musculoskeletal System

Why Do Our Joints Pop?

**Lesson 33:** *The muscular systems*

How Your Muscular System Works

Three Types of Muscles

**Lesson 34:** *The nervous system*

Use Your Brain!

A Journey Through Your Nervous System

**Lesson 35:** *The senses*

Five Senses

You Have More Than Five Senses

How Your Eyes Make Sense of the World

Hearing: How Your Ears Work

Sense of Smell

Your Tongue: The Taste Maker

Sense of Touch

## Grade 7

### Grade 7 - English

**English**

*A Single Shard*

Linda Sue Park website

Korean celadon pottery

*Catherine Called Birdy*

References for medieval times

websites related to *Catherine, Called Birdy*

*Esperanza Rising*

Pan Muñoz Ryan website

*Counting on Grace
*Elizabeth Winthrop website

Lewis Hine’s photographs of child labor in the U.S.

*Aleutian Sparrow*

Karen Hesse blog

Aleut tribe

*Out of the Dust*

Karen Hesse blog

Dorothea Lange Photos

Dust Bowl

*The Code Talkers*

Boarding schools

Code talkers

Joseph Bruchac website

*Brown Girl Dreaming
*Jacqueline Woodson website

### Grade 7 - Science

**Science**

**General**

Types of Essays

**Lesson 1:** *Observation and Measurement*

Scientific Argument

Video: Mass, Volume, and Density

**Lesson 2:** *Scientific Method*

Video: Controlled Experiments

Video: Correlation and Causality

**Lesson 5:** *Perspective*

Earth’s hemispheres

Map projections video: Why All World Maps Are Wrong

**Lesson 6:** *Earth’s Movement*

Video: Why Do We Have Different Seasons?

**Lesson 7:** *Earth’s Moon*

Video: Phases of the Moon

Video: Moon Phases Demonstration

Video: Does the Moon Really Control the Tides?

**Lesson 8:** *Solar System*

Video: The Difference Between Flares and CMEs (coronal mass ejections)

What is a Solar Prominence?

Planet Facts

The Inner and Outer Planets in Our Solar System

Annual Meteor Showers

Video: How Big is the Solar System?

Short Film: To Scale: The Solar System

Video: Kepler’s First Law of Motion: Elliptical Orbits

**Lesson 9:** *Astronomy*

Star Types

Video: Types of Stars by Size, Color, and Life Cycle

Life Cycle of a Star

Video: What Is a Pulsar?

Video: Most Powerful Quasar Discovered

Constellation Guide

Constellations

Video: The Most Astounding Fact—Neil DeGrasse Tyson

**Lesson 12:** *Earth’s Structure*

Video: Earth’s Interior Isn’t Quite What We Thought It Was

Rocks, Minerals, and Elements

Minerals in Your House

Rocks: Igneous, Metamorphic, and Sedimentary

Video: Three Types of Rock and the Rock Cycle

**Lesson 13:** *Weathering and Fossilization*

Weathering

Video: What Is a Fossil?

Video: How Does Radiocarbon Dating Work?

Video: Bill Nye Explains Half Life

Geologic Age Dating Explained

Geologic Time Periods

**Lesson 14:** *Erosion*

Soil Layers

Four Layers of Soil

Video: Weathering and Erosion

Video: Why Do Rivers Curve?

Video: Why Do Rivers Have Deltas?

Video: How Glaciers Form and Erode to Create Landforms

Video: Erosion: A Natural Phenomenon

**Lesson 15:** *Plate Tectonics*

Video: Earthquake 101

Earthquake Safety Tips

Video: Liquefaction Demonstrated

Vide: Tectonic Plate Boundaries

Video: Plate Tectonics Explained

Video: Plate Tectonics

Convergent Plate Boundaries

**Lesson 16:** *Mountains*

Video: What Is a Mountain?

Video: Why is Mt. Everest So Tall?

How are Mountains Made?

How Do We Tell If a Volcano Is Active, Dormant, or Extinct?

What Are the Different Types of Volcanoes?

Pictures of Igneous Rocks

Video: What Is a Volcano?

Types of Volcanic Eruptions

**Lesson 19:** *Atmosphere*

Layers in Earth’s Atmosphere-NASA

Layers of Earth’s Atmosphere-UCAR

Video: 5 Earth Atmosphere Layers

Video: Reveal Earth’s Atmosphere

Viewing Earth’s Limb

Video: Why Is There Air?

Video: The Carbon and Oxygen Cycles

Video: What Is Carbon Dioxide?

**Lesson 20:** *Climate*

Video: A History of Earth’s Climate Change

How Do Scientists Study Ancient Climates?

Video: Climate Science: What You Need to Know

Video: What’s the Deal with Carbon?

Climate Change: How Do We Know?

Facts on Animal Farming and the Environment

Realistic Ways You Can Combat Climate Change Today

**Lesson 21:** *Water Cycle*

The Water Cycle

Video: The Water Cycle

**Lesson 22:** *Clouds*

Video: Relative Humidity vs. Dew Point

Video: Good Question: What Is the Dew Point?

**Lesson 23:** *Winds and Atmospheric Pressure*

Video: Bill Nye the Science Guy on Wind

Video: What Is Wind?

Video: Hot and Cold Water Science Experiment (imagine this happening to air—high pressure and low pressure systems—instead of water)

Video: Crush a Bottle with Air

Video: How to Make a Weather Barometer

**Lesson 24:** *Meteorology*

Tools Used in Meteorology

Video: Cold Fronts and Warm Fronts

What Is a Jet Stream?

**Lesson 25:** *Extreme Weather*

What Causes Lightning?

Lightning Safety

What Is a Water Spout?

Video: Hurricane Vs. Cyclone Vs. Typhoon

Blizzards

**Lesson 28:** *Earth’s Resources*

Non-Renewable Energy

Video: Renewable Energy 101

Video: The Story of Energy: Where Does Our Power Come From?

Video: Energy, Let’s Save It!

Population and Energy Consumption

**Lesson 29:** *Water Sources*

How Much Water Is There, On, In, and Above the Earth?

What Is a Wetland?

What Is Groundwater?

Video: Our Thirsty World

Video: Why Care About Water?

**Lesson 30:** *Earth’s Oceans*

The Census of Marine Life

Video: Biodiversity: Protecting Marine Life

Video: The Gulf Stream Explained

**Lesson 31:** *Human Population Growth*

U.S. and World Population Clock

World Population Interactive Map (use the slider at the bottom to see population increases over time)

Video: Human Population Through Time

**Lesson 32:** *Human Impact on the Environment*

Water Pollution

Marine Pollution

What Is Air Pollution?

Does Air Pollution Affect Our Furry Friends?

Video: What YOU Can Do About Climate Change

Interactive quiz: How Much Do You Know About Solving Global Warming?

**Lesson 33:** *The Living Earth*

Biodiversity

Video: Why Is Biodiversity So Important?

Article and video: Teen Activist Fights for the Earth

### Grade 7 - World History

### World History

*General*

Primary Source Materials at the Library of Congress

World Map (Interactive)

Most Reliable and Credible Sources for Students

Tracking Your Travels: Landmarks Around the World

#### Unit I: Age of Empires

**Lesson 1:*** African Empires*

Geography and Landforms of Africa

Oldest Homo Sapiens fossil Claim Rewrites Our Species’ History

Oldest Known Human Fossil Outside Africa Discovered in Israel

7 Influential African Empires

Historical Context: Facts About the Slave Trade and Slavery

Berlin Conference of 1884-1885

Africa is Way Bigger Than You Think

**Lesson 2:*** The Dynasties of Asia*

Ancient China

The History of China—Over 3,000 Years of Civilization

Silk Road

Video: The Silk Road and Ancient Trade

Japanese History

**Lesson 3:*** The Early Empires of India*

Assyria

Video: The Rise and Fall of the Assyrian Empire

Persian Empire

Ancient India

Maps of the Middle East

**Lesson 4:*** Islamic World*

Mughal Dynasty

Video: The Mughal Empire and Historical Reputation

Ottoman Empire

Video: The Rise of the Ottoman Empire

Video: The Fall of the Ottoman Empire

#### Unit II: Renaissance and Enlightenment

**Lesson 7:*** Renaissance, Reformation, and the Age of Enlightenment*

Medieval Life: Feudalism and the Feudal System

Renaissance Art

Ultimate Renaissance Man: 5 Fascinating Facts About Leonardo da Vinci

Video: A Fun, Animated History of the Reformation and the Man Who Started It All

What Was the Enlightenment?

**Lesson 8:*** Arts and Culture in the Age of Enlightenment*

Music History: A Guide to Western Composers and their Music

Exploring the Extravagance and Drama or Baroque Art and Architecture

A Beginner’s Guide to Impressionism

A Brief History of Opera

**Lesson 9:*** The Age of Monarchs*

The World of the Hapsburgs

House of Tudor Family Tree

7 Fascinating Facts about King Louis XIV

**Lesson 10:*** The Age of Exploration*

A Brief History of the Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration: Life on the Open Seas

Video: How Did Early Sailors Navigate the Oceans?

Video: The Rise and Fall of the Inca Empire

Video: Tenochtitlan

Video: Tenochtitlan (The Impossible City)

Native North Americans: What Was Early Contact Like Between Europeans and Natives? (primary source material)

Brazilian Indians

Video: The Columbian Exchange

#### Unit III: Revolution and Independence

**Lesson 12:*** Revolutionary Spirit*

French and Indian War/Seven Years’ War

American Revolutionary War

Video: What Caused the French Revolution?

French Revolution

Declaration of the Rights of Man, 1789

Napoleon Bonaparte

**Lesson 13:*** The Rise and Fall of Colonialism*

Video: Latin American Independence Movements

Latin American Revolutions

Colonialism and the “Scramble for Africa”

Imperialism and the Conquest and Colonization of Africa by Europeans

**Lesson 14:*** Slavery Trade*

The Triangular Trade

The Slave Trade: A Historical Background

The Transatlantic Slave Trade

Slavery in America

**Lesson 15:*** The Abolition Movement and the U.S. Civil War*

David Walker

Sojourner Truth: A Life and Legacy of Faith

Frederick Douglass

Harriet Tubman

Enabling Freedom: Underground Railroad

Reconstruction of the South

The Civil War and Emancipation

**Lesson 16:*** Radical Change in the Americas (1861–1924)*

Early History of Canada

Louisiana Purchase

What Was the Klondike Gold Rush?

Video: How Did the Westward Expansion Affect the Native Americans?

Indian Removal 1814–1858

Indian Treaties and the Removal Act of 1830

The Mexican Revolution

Mexico Timeline

#### Unit IV: Worldwide Change

**Lesson 19:*** The Industrial Revolution*

The Rise of the Machines: Pros and Cons of the Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution

Video: The Industrial Revolution

**Lesson 20:*** Innovations in Transportation and Communication*

The Biography of Thomas Edison

Alexander Graham Bell

Video: Edison and Competition

The Transcontinental Railroad: It’s All About Steam

Video: Animation of How a Steam Locomotive’s Boiler Works

Building the First Continental Railroad

Inventing a Flying Machine

**Lesson 21:*** Nationalism and Imperialism*

The British Empire (map)

Five Motives for Imperialism

How Many People Died in WWI? A look at the Numbers

World War One: Causes

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Women in World War I

**Lesson 22:*** Worldwide Economic Depression*

Video: The Revolution that Shaped Russia

Video: The Russian Revolution 1917

What Happened in the 1920s?

Prohibition

The Great Depression

Video: The Great Depression

Video: The Dust Bowl

**Lesson 23:*** Colonialism in Modern Times*

The East India Company and Its Role in Ruling India

Mahatma Gandhi

The Khoikhoi

Zulu

Boer War in South Africa

#### Unit V: Global Conflict and Resolution

**Lesson 26:*** Fascism, Communism, and Dictators*

Joseph Stalin

Benito Mussolini

Francisco Franco

Adolf Hitler

What Was the Holocaust?

The Holocaust

**Lesson 27:*** The Second World War*

World War II

World War II in the Pacific Theater

World War II: Asiatic-Pacific Theater Campaigns

Allies and Axis: Who’s Who in WWII?

Women in World War II

Women of World War II

Code Talking

Interviews with WWII Veterans

**Lesson 28:*** Conflicts in Korea and Vietnam (1950–1975)*

Korean War Fast Facts

Video: Why Korea Split into North and South Korea

A Short Guide to the Vietnam War

Video: Vietnam War Protests

Vietnam War Protests

Kent State Shootings

**Lesson 29:*** Civil Rights Leaders (1954–1968)*

Civil Rights Movement

Brown v. Board: Timeline of School Integration in the U.S.

Video: 60 Years On: A Look Back at the Little Rock Nine

The Woolworth Sit-In that Launched a Movement

The Story of Cesar Chavez

Biography of Nelson Mandela

Racism Has a Long History We All Must Understand

**Lesson 30:*** The Cold War (1947–1991)*

Cold War History

Cold War Propaganda

Cuban Missile Crisis

What Was the Eastern Bloc?

Video: What Was the Iron Curtain?

Berlin Wall

John F. Kennedy Commencement Address, American University

#### Unit VI: Modern Developments

**Lesson 33:*** The Middle East in Modern Times*

Video: The Middle East’s Cold War Explained

History of the Middle East

Background: Middle East

Middle East Geography

Why Are Israel and the Palestinians Fighting over Gaza?

Arab Spring

**Lesson 34:*** Globalization*

Video: Globalization Explained

Video: What Are the World’s Biggest Superpowers?

Video: Globalization I: The Upside

Who are the Most Technologically-Advanced Countries in Africa?

Where Does Your T-shirt Come From?

**Lesson 35:*** Remarkable Advancements of the Modern Era*

Video: Information Age

Video: Thin Underwater Cables Hold the Internet

Video: How to Sequence the Human Genome

International Space Station

NASA: Current Missions

## Grade 8

### Grade 8 - English

### English

*Baseball in April and Other Stories
*Discussion Guide

Author website: Gary Soto

Author biography from Poetry Foundation

*A Wrinkle in Time*

*Smithsonian Magazine* article: The Remarkable Influence of A Wrinkle in Time

Author website: Madeleine L’Engle

Author biography

*The Giver
*Author biography

NPR article: Lois Lowry Says The Giver Was Inspired by Her Father’s Memory Loss

*Moon Over Manifest
*Author website: Clare Vanderpool

Article by the author’s sister: Who In the World Is Clare Vanderpool?

A Pictorial Walk Through the 20th Century: Little Miners

*Echo
*video interview with Pamela Muñoz Ryan

playlist of the songs mentioned in the story

*Criss Cross
*Author website: Lynne Rae Perkins

Author biography

Writer’s Digest article: 5 Ways How to Write a Poem

Poetry Foundation

### Grade 8 - Civics

### Civics

**General**

Primary Source Materials at the Library of Congress

PBS News Hour Extra

Contact Information for Government Offices (U.S.)

iCivics.org

Civics 101 Podcasts from NPR

A Beginner’s Guide to Graphing Data

Learning Line Graphs

Graphing Data by Hand

How to Make Great Charts for Infographics

How to Make an Infographic

Appropriate Language

Landmark Cases and Civic Debate

Oyez

Kids.Laws.com

U.S.Courts.gov

Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court

Landmark Supreme Court Cases

Supreme Court Landmarks

Glossary of Legal Terms

10 Supreme Court Cases Every Teen Should Know

**Lesson 1:** *Values of Citizenship*

Daily Good: News That Inspires

YES! Magazine

Good News Network

**Lesson 2:** *Community Leaders*

United Nations

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Biographies of Champions of Freedom

Freecycle

**Lesson 3:** *Independence and Interdependence*

Career Planning

Budgeting

State Minimum Wages

How Are Federal Taxes Spend?

Job Corps

Americorps

Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day

**Lesson 4:** *Decision Making*

5 Golden Rules of Goal Setting

Set Your Goals and Make Them Happen

Decision Making

**Lesson 7:** *Immigration and Citizenship*

Illegal, Undocumented, Unauthorized: The Terms of Immigration Reporting

Illegal Immigrants Vs. Undocumented Immigrants

10 Steps to Naturalization: Understanding the Process of Becoming a U.S. Citizen

**Lesson 8:** *Making Connections*

Good Communication Skills for Teens

Anger Management: 10 Tips to Tame Your Temper

**Lesson 9:** *Disability Awareness*

Different Types of Disabilities

Mental Health Conditions

Types of Learning Disabilities

Americans with Disabilities Act

Don’t Laugh at Me lyrics and video

Appropriate Language

**Lesson 10:** *Public Health*

Healthy Living Tips for Teenagers

Take Charge of Your Health: A Guide for Teenagers

Young People Share Their Thoughts on Emotional Health and Wellbeing

Mental Health Videoscribe

Make Exercise a Daily Habit—10 Tips

Nutrition.gov

**Lesson 13:** *Government of the People, By the People, For the People*

What Are the Different Types of Governments?

Democracy: A Short Introduction

Representative Democracy

**Lesson 14:** *The Political Heritage of the United States of America*

Mayflower and Mayflower Compact

Mayflower Compact

The Declaration of Independence

Articles of Confederation

**Lesson 15:** *The U.S. Constitution and Bill of Rights*

America’s Founding Documents

The Constitution of the United States

The Bill of Rights

The Constitution of the United States, The Bill of Rights and All Amendments

**Lesson 16:** *Freedom in Many Forms*

Freedom of Religion: Crash Course Government and Politics

**Lesson 19:*** Voting Rights and Responsibilities*

Voting Rights Amendments

The Fight for the Right to Vote in the United States

Voting Rights for Native Americans

Seneca Falls Convention

Register to Vote

**Lesson 20:** *Political Parties*

Does Your Vote Count? Electoral College Explained

Why the Electoral College?

Population vs. Electoral Votes

Distribution of Electoral Votes

U.S. Electoral College: Frequently Asked Questions

How Many Representatives Per State

**Lesson 21:** *Check and Balances*

The Cabinet

Executive Departments

The Elastic Clause Explained in 3 Minutes

Legal System Basics

Bills and Resolutions

The City of U.S. – A Virtual Field Trip to Washington D.C.

**Lesson 22:** *State and Local Governments*

Official Names of State Legislatures (click on Upper and Lower House for individual states to see more information)

Population Represented by State Legislators

Gerrymandering: How Drawing Jagged Lines Can Impact an Election

**Lesson 25:** *Freedom of Information*

American Library Association (ALA)

Banned Books that Shaped America

Censored and Banned Books: From John Steinbeck to Dr. Seuss

Banning Books in the 21st Century

History of the Internet

What Is the World Wide Web?

Don’t Go Changing: Net Neutrality!

What Is Net Neutrality and How Could It Affect You?

Difference Between Fact and Opinion

**Lesson 26:** *The Influence of Advertising*

The Secret Science of Advertising

The Story of Bottled Water

The Story of Solutions

**Lesson 27**

Propaganda

The Power of Propaganda

How to Tell Fake News from Real News

How to Spot Fake News

Society of Professional Journalist Code of Ethics

**Lesson 28**

Positive News

Daily Good: News that Inspires

KarmaTube

15 Uplifting Sites Focused on Positive Stories and Ideas for Good

21 Day Gratitude Challenge

Random Acts of Kindness

**Lesson 31:** *Community Service*

Peace Corps

10 Good Places to Volunteer

**Lesson 32:** *Earth Stewardship*

The 5 Cs of Community Planning

America’s Public Lands Explained

How Much Land Does the Federal Government Own—and Why?

What Is Zero Waste?

**Lesson 33/34/35:** *Call to Community Action*

How to Create Successful Community Service Projects

**Lesson 36:** *Learning Reflection*

Civics Questions for the the United States Naturalization Test

### Grade 8 - Physical Science

### Physical Science

**General **

Types of Essays

**Lesson 1:** *Measurements and Quantitative Data*

Scientific Argument

**Lesson 2:** *Controlled Experiments and the Scientific Method*

Video: Controlled Experiments

Video: Correlation and Causality

**Lesson 3:** *Matter and Elements*

Matter: Definition and the Five States of Matter

Video: Atoms and Molecules

Explanation of Atoms and Elements

Video: What Is an Atom?

Video: The New Periodic Table Song

Video: Alkali Metals in Water

Dynamic Periodic Table

Video: Atomic Weight and Mass

Number of Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons in an Atom

Elemental Math Game

How Many Atoms Fit in Each Shell Around an Atom?

How to Draw an Element

**Lesson 5:** *Mixtures, Compounds, and Solutions*

Video: Mixtures and Solutions

**Lesson 6:** *Solutions and Suspensions*

Video: Mixtures, Solutions, and Suspensions

Video: How Do We Separate the Seemingly Inseparable?

**Lesson 7:**

How Does Heat Travel?

Video: Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, Radiation

Types of Insulation

Insulation Effectiveness and Environmental Issues

Recommended Home Insulation R-Values

How Is Heat Transferred?

Video: Heat Transfer—Conduction

Video: Heat Transfer—Convection

**Lesson 8:** *Force and Motion*

Types of Forces

Video: What Forces Are Acting on You?

Vectors

Video: Resultant Forces

**Lesson 9:** *Mass, Weight, and Gravity*

Video: Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation (Part 1)

Video: Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation (Part 2)

Video: Gravity

What is Microgravity?

**Lesson 10:** *First Law of Motion*

Video: Newton’s First Law of Motion

Video: Friction (Bill Nye clip)

Video: A World Without Friction

Video: Tablecloth Trick (Inertia)

**Lesson 11:** *Second and Third Laws of Motion*

What Is Acceleration?

Acceleration

Video: Newton’s Three Laws with a Bicycle

Newton’s Laws of Motion

Video: Newton’s Laws of Motion (3): Action and Reaction

**Lesson 13:** *Types of Energy*

Forms of Energy: Potential and Kinetic

Video: High Road, Low Road Race Track (Potential and Kinetic Energy)

Video: Jumping Frogs: An Experiment in Potential and Kinetic Energy

Video: Potential, Kinetic, and Mechanical Energy

**Lesson 14:** *Thermodynamics and Conservation of Energy*

The Principle of Conservation of Mechanical Energy

Mechanical Energy

Video: Conservation of Energy: Free Fall, Springs, and Pendulums

**Lesson 15:** *Work and Power*

All Work and No Play

Video: How Does Work…Work?

**Lesson 16:** *Harnessing Energy*

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources

Nonrenewable Energy

Learning About Renewable Energy

International Space Station Power System: Solar Arrays

**Lesson 17/18:** *Scientific Inquiry*

Extension Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture

**Lesson 19:** *Properties of Waves*

Types of Waves

Categories of Waves

Video: Types of Waves

Video: Traveling Waves

Video: The Physics of Surfing

**Lesson 20:** *Sound Waves and Acoustics*

Video: How the Ear Works

Sound Is a Pressure Wave

Video: Sound—Transmission of Sound

Video: Properties of Sound Waves

Video: How Sound Travels Through Different Media

Video: What Is Tone Color? (Timbre)

**Lesson 21:** *Light Energy and the Electromagnetic Spectrum*

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

Video: The Science of Light and Color

Video: What Is Light?

CD and DVD players

**Lesson 22:** *Properties of Light Waves*

Video: Light Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission

Video: The Science of Rainbows

Video: How Rainbows Form

Dispersion of Light by Prisms

Video: What Determines the Skies Colors at Sunset and Sunrise?

What Determines Sky’s Colors at Sunrise and Sunset?

Video: Why is the Sky Blue and Not Violet?

Video: Heat Transfer—Thermal Radiation

**Lesson 23:** *Sight and Lenses*

Lenses

Video: Introduction to Lenses (Convex and Concave)

Video: How Do Lenses Work?

Video: Convex and Concave Lens

Lenses and Geometrical Optics

The Concept of Magnification

Studies Show We Quickly Adjust to Seeing Everything Upside-Down

**Lesson 24:** *Scientific Inquiry*

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Radio Waves

**Lesson 25:** *Electricity*

Video: Electric Charge

Video: Positive and Negative Charge

Charge Interactions

What is Electricity?

Video: Explaining an Electrical Circuit

Top Ten Rules for Electrical Safety

Kids: Take Charge of Your Electrical Safety

Boating Lightning Protection

**Lesson 26:*** Batteries and Circuits*

How Do Batteries Work?

Batteries

Video: Explaining an Electrical Circuit

Video: Series and Parallel Circuits

**Lesson 27:*** Measuring and Controlling Electricity*

Voltage, Current, Resistance, and Ohm’s Law

What is Electricity?

Two Types of Connections

Resistance

**Lesson 28:** *Home Electricity*

Video: Resistors in Series Vs. Resistors in Parallel

Series and Parallel Circuits

How to Read Your Electric and Gas Meters

**Lesson 29:** *Magnetism*

Video: The Science Behind Magnets: How Do They Work?

Video: Bill Nye Magnetism

How Magnets Work

What Causes Earth’s Magnetic Field?

Magnetic North Pole Vs. Geographic North Pole

Magnetic Pole Reversal Happens All the (Geologic) Time

Video: How to Use a Compass

**Lesson 30:** *Electromagnetism*

Video: Electromagnetism: Magnetic Force

Video: Magnetic Field of a Wire

Electric Motors and Generators

Video: What is AC and DC?

Explain That Stuff: Electric Motors

Video: The First Telephone

**Lesson 31:** *Mechanical Advantage*

Levers: Simple Machines

Types of Levers

Video: The Mighty Mathematics of the Lever

Video: What Is a Wedge?

**Lesson 32:** *Wheels, Gears, and Pulleys*

The Wheel and Axle

Video: Wheel and Axle: Simple Machines

Video: Simple Machines for Kids

Video: Simple Machines

Video: Torque

Pulleys

Video: Simple Machines: The Pulley

Centripetal Force

**Lesson 33:** *Aerodynamics and Flight*

What Is a Projectile?

Newton’s First Law Applied to Airplanes

Video: How Do Airplanes Fly?

Not Your Average Paper Airplane

**Lesson 34:** *Modern Machines*

What Is a Satellite?

Explain that Stuff: Satellites

New Interactive Chart Shows Just How Many Satellites are Orbiting Earth

Explain that Stuff: Television

Explain that Stuff: Record Players and Phonographs

How Car Engines Work

How Do Hybrid Cars and Trucks Work?

## High School Courses

### Advanced Mathematics

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 1 (Textbook Lessons 1 – 4)

1: *Geometry Review*

Instructional Video: Points, Lines and Planes (collinear and coplanar points)

Instructional Video: Naming Angles

Reading Resource and Instructional Video: Angle basics and Angle Addition Postulate

Instructional Video: Segment Addition Postulate

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Instructional Video: Linear Pairs and Vertical Angles

Practice Set: Identifying Complementary, Supplementary, and Vertical Angle Pairs

Instructional Video: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Practice Set: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Instructional Video: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Practice Set: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Instructional Video: Area and Circumference of Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Area of a Circle

Instructional Video: Arc Length and Sector Area

Geogebra Investigation: Test Your Skills with Arc Length and Sector Area

2: *More on Area, Cylinders, Cones, Prisms, Pyramids, Spheres*

Instructional Video: Area and Perimeter of rectangles and squares

Instructional Video: Finding the Area of a Triangle

Practice Set: Finding the Area of a Triangle

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Prisms

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cylinders

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Pyramids

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of Pyramid is ⅓ Volume of Prism

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cones

Instructional Video: Surface Areas and Volumes of Spheres

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of a Sphere

3: *Pythagorean Theorem, Triangle Inequalities, Similar Polygons, Similar Triangles*

Instructional Video: Pythagorean Triples

Reading Resource: Pythagorean Triples

Instructional Video: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem with Examples

Geogebra Investigation: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

Instructional Video: Polygon or Non-Polygon?

Instructional Video: Classifying Polygons

Geogebra Investigation: Regular Polygons

Instructional Video: Similar Polygon Overview and Solving for Missing Parts

Instructional Video: Using Geometric Mean with Right Triangles

4: *Constructions*

Instructional Video: Construction Duplicating Line Segments and Angles

Instructional Video: Construction Angle Bisector

Instructional Video: Constructing a Perpendicular Bisector

Instructional Video: Constructing Triangles

Instructional Video: Constructing Parallel Lines through a Given Point

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 2 (Textbook Lessons 5 – 8)

5: *Exponents and Radicals, Complex Numbers, Areas of Similar Geometric Figures, Diagonals of Rectangular Solids*

Instructional Video: Evaluating Fractional Exponents

Instructional Video: Simplifying More Complicated Expressions with Fractional Exponents

Instructional Video: Intro to i

Instructional Video: Intro to Complex Numbers

Practice Set: Intro to Complex Numbers

Instructional Video: Simplifying Radicals with i

Practice Set: Simplifying Roots of Negative Numbers

Instructional Video: Ratio of Perimeter and Area of Similar Figures

Instructional Video: Intro to the Pythagorean Theorem

Practice Set: Using the Pythagorean Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Visual Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem (book includes 4 activities)

6: *Fractional Equations, Radical Equations, Systems of Three Linear Equations*

Instructional Video: Solving Rational Equations 1

Instructional Video: Solving Rational Equations 2

Instructional Video: Solving Radical Equations 1

Instructional Video: Solving Radical Equations 2

Instructional Video: Solving Triple Systems

7: *Inductive and Deductive Reasoning, Logic, The Contrapositive, Converse and Inverse*

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 1

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 2

Reading Resource: Inductive Reasoning

Instructional Video: Conditional and Converse Statements

Instructional Video: Conjectures and Counterexamples

Instructional Video: Inverse and Contrapositive Statements

Instructional Video: Truth tables, conjunctions and disjunctions

8: *Statements of Similarity, Proportional Segments, Angle Bisectors and Side Ratios*

Instructional Video: Similarity Statements

Instructional Video: Using Proportions to Find Missing Sides of Similar Figures

Instructional Video: Using the Triangle Proportionality Theorem

Instructional Video: Transversal Proportionality Theorem

Instructional Video: Using the Angle Bisector Theorem

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 3 (Textbook Lessons 9-12)

9: *Congruent Figure, Proof Outlines*

Instructional Video: Triangle Congruence by SSS

Geogebra Investigation: SSS Demonstration

Instructional Video: SAS Congruence with Example Proof

Instructional Video: ASA vs. AAS

Quizlet Flashcards: ASA vs. AAS

Geogebra Investigation: Triangle Congruence Shortcuts

Instructional Video: Proof with ASA or AAS

Instructional Video: HL with proof examples

Instructional Video: Intro to Two-Column Proofs

10: *Equation of a Line, Rational Denominators, Completing the Square*

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from a graph

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from two points

Instructional Video: Writing Equations of Lines

Instructional Video: Graphing lines in y=mx+b form

Practice Set: Graphing lines

Instructional Video: Rationalizing Denominators

Instructional Video: Completing the Square

11: *Circles, Properties of Circles, the Quadratic Formula*

Instructional Video: Major Arcs, Minor Arcs, and Semicircles

Instructional Video: Congruent Arcs

Instructional Video: Arc Addition Postulate

Geogebra Investigation: Exploring Arcs and Angles

Instructional Video: Chord and Diameter Theorems

Geogebra Investigation: Chords, Secants, and Tangents

Geogebra Investigation: Diameters and Chords

Instructional Video: Inscribed Angles

Practice Set: Inscribed Angles

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Quadrilaterals

Instructional Video: Tangents and Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents to Circles

Instructional Video: Tangents and Chords

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents and Chords

Instructional Video: Arcs and Angles Formed by Chords

Geogebra Investigation: Angles Formed by Chords

Instructional Video: Chord Lengths

Geogebra Demonstration: Chord Lengths

Instructional Video: The Quadratic Formula

12: *Angles and Diagonals in Polygons, Proof of the Chord-Tangent Theorem*

Instructional Video: Angles and Diagonals in Polygons

Geogebra Investigation: Exterior Angles in a Polygon

Instructional Video: Proof of the Inscribed Angle Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Angles

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 4 (Textbook Lessons 13-16)

13: *Intersecting Secants, Intersecting Secants and Tangents, Products of Chord Segments, Products of Secant and Tangent Segments*

Instructional Video: Arcs and Angles Formed by Chords

Geogebra Investigation: Angles Formed by Chords

Instructional Video: Intersecting Secants and Tangents

Instructional Video: Products of Chords, Secants, and Tangents

14: *Sine, Cosine, and Tangent, Angles of Elevation and Depression, Rectangular and Polar Coordinates, Coordinate Conversion*

Instructional Video: Intro to Trig Ratios

Geogebra Practice Set: Test Your Trig Ratio Skills

Instructional Video: Solving for Sides in a Right Triangle

Instructional Video: Solving Right Triangles with Inverse Trig Functions

Geogebra Practice Set: Test your skills with Inverse Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Angles of Elevation and Depression

Instructional Video: Word Problem Examples with Angles of Elevation and Depression

Geogebra Investigation: Angles of Elevation and Depression

Instructional Video: Polar Coordinates

Instructional Video: Convert Rectangular to Polar Coordinates

Instructional Video: Convert Polar to Rectangular Coordinates

15: *Assumptions, Proofs*

Instructional Video: Intro to Two-Column Proofs

Instructional Video: Flowchart and Paragraph Proofs

Instructional Video: Additional Example of a Two-Column Proof

Instructional Video: Additional Example of SAS Proof

16: *Complex Fractions, Abstract Equations, Division of Polynomials*

Instructional Video: Simplifying Complex Fractions 1

Instructional Video: Simplifying Complex Fractions 2

Instructional Video: Simplifying Complex Fractions 3

Instructional Video: Solving Abstract Equations

Instructional Video: Intro to Polynomial Division

Instructional Video: Polynomial Division with Placeholders and Remainders

Practice Set: Polynomial Division

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 5 (Textbook Lessons 17-20)

17: *Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem, Proofs of Similarity*

Instructional Video: Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem

Instructional Video: Triangle Similarity Theorems

Practice Set: Determining Similar Triangles

Instructional Video: Example of a Two-Column Triangle Similarity Proof

18: *Advanced Word Problems*

Instructional Video: Triple System Word Problems

Instructional Video: Inverse Variation Word Problems

Instructional Video: Mixture Word Problem 1

Instructional Video: Mixture Word Problem 2

19: *Nonlinear Systems, Factoring Exponentials, Sum and Difference of Two Cubes*

Instructional Video: Nonlinear Systems 1

Instructional Video: Nonlinear Systems 2

Instructional Video: Difference of Two Squares

Practice Set: Difference of Two Squares

Instructional Video: Sum of Two Cubes

Instructional Video: Difference of Two Cubes

20: *Two Special Triangles*

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 45-45-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 30-60-90 Triangles

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 6 (Textbook Lessons 21-24)

21: *Evaluating Functions, Domain and Range, Types of Functions, Tests for Functions*

Instructional Video: Evaluating Functions

Instructional Video: Domain and Range Examples

Instructional Video: Set Notation

Instructional Video: What is a Function?

Instructional Video: Vertical and Horizontal Line Tests

22: *Absolute Value, Reciprocal Functions*

Instructional Video: Intro to Absolute Value

Instructional Video: Matching Number Lines to Absolute Value Inequalities

Instructional Video: Graphs of Reciprocal Functions

23: *The Exponential Function, Sketching Exponentials*

Instructional Video: Intro to Exponential Functions

Instructional Video: Graphing Exponential Functions

Geogebra Investigation: Graphs of Exponential Functions

24: *Sums of Trigonometric Functions, Combining Functions*

Instructional Video: Trig Functions in Special Right Triangles

Instructional Video: Combining Functions

Instructional Video: Composition of Functions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 7 (Textbook Lessons 25-28)

25: *Age Problems, Rate Problems*

Instructional Video: Age Problem

Instructional Video: Rate Problem 1

Instructional Video: Rate Problem 2

26: *The Logarithmic Form of the Exponential, Logarithmic Equations*

Instructional Video: Converting between Logarithmic and Exponential Form

Instructional Video: Solving Logarithmic Equations

27: *Related Angles, Signs of Trigonometric Functions*

Instructional Video: Related Angles (focus on examples in degrees only)

Instructional Video: Signs of Trig Functions

28: *Factorial Notation, Abstract Rate Problems*

Instructional Video: Factorials

Instructional Video: Abstract Rate Problems

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 8 (Textbook Lessons 29-32)

29: *The Unit Circle, Very Large and Very Small Fractions, Quadrantal Angles*

Instructional Video: Unit Circle Basics

Instructional Video: Quadrantal Angles

30: *Adding Vectors, Overlapping Triangles*

Instructional Video: Adding Vectors

Instructional Video: Proofs with Overlapping Triangles

31: *Symmetry, Reflections, Translations*

Instructional Video: Functional Symmetry

Instructional Video: Reflections of Functions

Instructional Video: Translations of Functions

Geogebra Investiga: Transformations of Functions

32: *Inverse Functions, Four Quadrant Signs, Inverse Trigonometric Functions*

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Functions

Instructional Video: Finding an Inverse Algebraically

Instructional Video: Four Quadrant Signs

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Sine

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Cosine

Instructional Video: Intro to Inverse Tangent

Instructional Video: Additional Inverse Trig Examples

Practice Set: Inverse Trig Functions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 9 (Textbook Lesson 33-36)

33: *Quadrilaterals, Properties of Parallelograms, Types of Parallelograms, Conditions for Parallelograms, Trapezoids*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Quadrilaterals

Practice Set: Identifying Quadrilaterals

Instructional Video: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms 2

Instructional Video: Properties of Rectangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Rectangle Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Squares

Geogebra Demonstration: Square Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Rhombuses

Geogebra Demonstration: Rhombus Properties

Instructional Video: Showing a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram

Reading Resource: Properties of Parallelograms

Instructional Video with Practice Set: Quadrilateral Hierarchy

Instructional Video: Properties of Isosceles Trapezoids

Instructional Video: Examples of Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Isosceles Trapezoid Properties

34: *Summation Notation, Linear Regression, Decomposing Functions*

Instructional Video: Summation Notation

Practice Set: Summation Notation

Instructional Video: Intro to Linear Regression

Instructional Video: Linear Regression

Instructional Video: Decomposing Functions

35: *Change in Coordinates, The Name of a Number, The Distance Formula*

Instructional Video: Directed Distance

Instructional Video: Using the Distance Formula

36: *Angles Greater than 360, Sums of Trigonometric Functions, Boat in the River Problems*

Instructional Video: Angles Greater than 360 Intro

Instructional Video: Finding Exact Values of Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Boat in the River Problems

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 10 (Textbook Lessons 37-40)

37: *The Line as a Locus, The Midpoint Formula*

Instructional Video: The Line as a Locus

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Finding Midpoints

38: *Fundamental Counting Principle and Permutations, Designated Roots, Overall Average Rate*

Instructional Video: Fundamental Counting Principle and Permutations

Instructional Video: Designated Roots

Instructional Video: Overall Average Rate

39: *Radian Measure of Angles, Forms of Linear Equations*

Instructional Video: Intro to Radians

Instructional Video: Converting Between Degrees and Radians

Practice Set: Converting Radians and Degrees

Instructional Video: Radian Angles in Quadrants

Practice Set: Radians in the Unit Circle

Instructional Video: Forms of Linear Equations (Standard/General, slope-intercept, point-slope)

Instructional Video: Double Intercept Form of a Line

Practice Set: Linear Equations

40: *The Argument in Mathematics, The Laws of Logarithms, Properties of Inverse Functions*

Instructional Video: The Argument

Instructional Video: Properties of Logs

Instructional Video: Verifying Inverse Functions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 11 (Textbook Lessons 41-44)

41: *Reciprocal Trigonometric Functions, Permutation Notation*

Instructional Video: Reciprocal Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Evaluating Reciprocal Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Permutation Notation

42: *Conic Sections, Circles, Constants in Exponential Functions*

Instructional Video: Intro to Conic Sections

Instructional Video: Writing an Equation of a Circle from a Graph

Instructional Video: Graphing a Circle from its Equation

Practice Set: Graph a Circle from its Equation

Geogebra Investigation: Relating a Circle and its Equation

Instructional Video: Graphing Exponential Functions

43: *Periodic Functions, Graphs of sin and cos*

Instructional Video: Intro to Periodic Functions

Instructional Video: Graphs of sin and cos

Instructional Video: Graphs of sin and cos with Amplitude and Period (focus on Amplitude)

Geogebra Investigation: Amplitude of Sine and Cosine

44: *Abstract Rate Problems*

Instructional Video: Rate Problems from Textbook

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 12 (Textbook Lessons 45-48)

45: *Conditional Permutations, Two-Variable Analysis Using a Graphing Calculator*

Instructional Video: Conditional Permutations

Instructional Video: Linear Regression on a TI84 Graphing Calculator

46: *Complex Roots, Factoring Over the Complex Numbers*

Instructional Video: Writing Equations Given Complex Roots

Instructional Video: Solving Quadratics with Complex Roots

Practice Set: Solving Quadratics with Complex Roots

47: *Vertical Sinusoid Translations, Arctan*

Instructional Video: Horizontal and Vertical Transformation of Sin and Cos (focus on vertical)

Instructional Video: Vertical Transformation of Sin and Cos

Geogebra Investigation: Amplitude and Vertical Translation of Sine and Cosine

Instructional Video: Arctan Example

48: *Powers of Trigonometric Functions, Perpendicular Bisectors*

Instructional Video: Powers of Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Perpendicular Bisector

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 13 (Textbook Lessons 49-52)

49: *The Logarithmic Function, Development of the Rules for Logarithms*

Instructional Video: Intro to Log Graphs

Instructional Video: Proofs of Log Properties

50: *Trigonometric Equations*

Instructional Video: Solving Trig Equations *Ignore the +2n part of the solution for now

51: *Common Logarithms and Natural Logarithms*

Instructional Video: Common vs. Natural Log

52: *The Inviolable Argument, Arguments in Trigonometric Equations*

Instructional Video: The Inviolable Argument

Instructional Video: Arguments in Trig Equations

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 14 (Textbook Lessons 53-56)

53: *Review of Unit Multipliers, Angular Velocity*

Instructional Video: Unit Multipliers

Instructional Video: Linear and Angular Velocity

Instructional Video: Angular Velocity Example

54: *Parabolas*

Instructional Video: Parabola Vertex and Axis of Symmetry

Practice Set: Properties of Parabolas

Instructional Video: Graphing by Completing the Square with Negative Coefficient

Instructional Video: Graphing by Completing the Square with a>1

55: *Circular Permutations, Distinguishable Permutations*

Instructional Video: Linear and Circular Permutations

Instructional Video: Distinguishable Permutations

56: *Triangular Areas, Areas of Segments, Systems of Inequalities*

Instructional Video: Area of Triangles

Instructional Video: Area of a Trapezoid

Practice Set: Finding Area of a Trapezoid

Instructional Video: Area of Sectors and Segments in Circles

Instructional Video: Systems of Linear and Quadratic Inequalities

Instructional Video: Systems of Linear and Circle Inequalities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 15 (Textbook Lessons 57-60)

57: *Phase Shifts in Sinusoids, Period of a Sinusoid*

Instructional Video: Phase Shifts

Instructional Video: Period, Amplitude and Phase Shift

Geogebra Investigation: Transformations of a sine graph

58: *Distance From a Point to a Line, Narrow and Wide Parabolas*

Instructional Video: Distance Between a Point and a Line

Practice Set: Distance Between a Point and a Line

Instructional Video: How Leading Coefficient Affects Shape of Parabola

Instructional Video: Graphing Parabola with Leading Coefficient

59: *Advanced Logarithm Problems, The Color of the White House*

Instructional Video: Solving Log Equations

Instructional Video: Solving Log Equations 2

Instructional Video: “Color of the White House” Problems

60: *Factorable Trigonometric Equations, Loss of Solutions Caused by Division*

Instructional Video: Factoring Trig Equations GCF

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 16 (Textbook Lessons 61-64)

61: *Single Variable Analysis, The Normal Distribution, Box and Whisker Plots*

Instructional Video: Standard Deviation

Instructional Video: Into to Normal Distribution

Instructional Video: Constructing Box and Whisker Plots

Instructional Video: Reading Box and Whisker Plots

Instructional Video: Interpreting Box and Whisker Plots

62: *Abstract Coefficients, Linear Variation*

Instructional Video: Abstract Coefficients and Linear Variation

63: *Circles and Completing the Square*

Instructional Video: Circles and Completing the Square

64: *The Complex Plane, Polar Form of a Complex Number, Sums and Products of Complex Numbers*

Instructional Video: The Complex Plane

Instructional Video: Polar Form of a Complex Number

Instructional Video: Sums and Products of Complex Numbers (complete Saxon lesson)

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 17 (Textbook Lessons 65-68)

65: *Radicals in Trigonometric Equations, Graphs of Logarithmic Functions*

Instructional Video: Trig Equation with Radical

Instructional Video: Graphs of Log Functions

66: *Formulas for Systems of Equations, Phase Shifts and Period Changes*

Instructional Video: Formula for Systems of Equations with Phase Shifts and Period Changes

67: *Antilogarithms*

Instructional Video: Antilogarithm on a Graphing Calculator

Instruction Video: Antilogarithm on Scientific Calculator

68:* Locus Definition of a Parabola, Translate Parabolas, Applications, Derivation*

Instructional Video: Locus of a Parabola

Instructional Video: Finding Focus and Directrix from Equation

Instructional Video: Finding Equation of Parabola given Vertex and Focus

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 18 (Textbook Lessons 69-72)

69: *Matrices, Determinants*

Instructional Video: Intro to Matrices

Instructional Video: Determinants 2×2

70: *Percentiles and Z Scores*

Instructional Video: Percentiles and Z Scores

71: *The Ellipse (1)*

Instructional Video: Ellipses

Practice Set: Ellipses

72: *One Side Plus Two Other Parts, Law of Sines*

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for a Side

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for an Angle

Practice Set: Law of Sines

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 19 (Textbook Lessons 73-76)

73: *Regular Polygons*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area of Regular Polygons

74: *Cramer’s Rule*

Instructional Video: Cramer’s Rule

75: *Combinations*

Instructional Video: Intro to Combinations

Instructional Video: Combination Formula

Practice Set: Combinations

76: *Functions of (-x), Functions of the Other Angle, Trigonometric Identities (1), Rules of the Game*

Instructional Video: Even and Odd Functions (Trig)

Instructional Video: Complementary Angles (Trig)

Instructional Video: Verifying Trig Identities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 20 (Textbook Lessons 77-80)

77: *Binomial Expansions (1)*

Instructional Video: Binomial Expansion

78: *The Hyperbola*

Instructional Video: Hyperbola

79: *De Moivre’s Theorem, Roots of Complex Numbers*

Instructional Video: De Moivre’s Theorem

Instructional Video: Roots of Complex Numbers

80: *Trigonometric Identities (2)*

Instructional Video: Pythagorean Trig Identities

Instructional Video: Verifying Trig Identities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 21 (Textbook Lessons 81-84)

81: *Law of Cosines*

Instructional Video: Solving for a Side with the Law of Cosines

Instructional Video: Solving for an Angle with the Law of Cosines

Practice Set: Law of Cosines

Instructional Video: Some Examples Using Law of Sines and Cosines

82: *Taking the Logarithm of, Exponential Equations*

Instructional Video: Solving Exponential Equations with Logs

83:* Simple Probability, Independent Events, Replacement*

Instructional Video: Simple Probability

Instructional Video: Independent Events

Instructional Video: Examples with and without Replacement

84: *Factorable Expressions, Sketching Sinusoidals*

Instructional Video: Verifying Identities with Factoring 1

Instructional Video: Verifying Identities with Factoring 2

Instructional Video: Graphing Sine and Cosine

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 22 (Textbook Lessons 85-88)

85: *Advanced Trigonometric Equations, Clock Problems*

Instructional Video: Advanced Trig Equations

Instructional Video: Clock Problems

86: *Arithmetic Progressions and Arithmetic Means*

Instructional Video: Arithmetic Sequences

Instructional Video: Arithmetic Means

87: *Sum and Difference Identities, Tangent Identities*

Instructional Video: Sum and Difference of all Three Trig Functions with Examples

88: *Exponential Functions (Growth and Decay)*

Instructional Video: Exponential Decay

Instructional Video: Half-Life Applications

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 23 (Textbook Lessons 89-92)

89: *The Ellipse (2)*

Instructional Video: Write Equation Given Vertices and Foci

Instructional Video: Write Equation Given Axes and Center

90: *Double Angle Identities, Half Angle Identities*

Instructional Video: Half and Double Angle Identities

Instructional Video: Half and Double Angle Additional Examples

91: *Geometric Progressions*

Instructional Video: Geometric Sequences

Instructional Video: Finding Geometric Means

Practice Set: Geometric Sequences

92: *Probability of Either, Notations for Permutations and Combinations*

Instructional Video: Mutually Exclusive Events

Instructional Video: Permutations and Combinations

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 24 (Textbook Lessons 93-96)

93: *Advanced Trigonometric Identities, Triangle Inequalities (2)*

Instructional Video: Verifying Advanced Trig Identities

Instructional Video: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem with Examples

Geogebra Investigation: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

94: *Graphs of Secant and Cosecant, Graphs of Tangent and Cotangent*

Instructional Video: Secant and Cosecant Graphs

Instructional Video: Graphs of Tangent and Cotangent

95: *Advanced Complex Roots*

Instructional Video: Advanced Complex Roots

96: *More Double Angle Identities, Triangle Area Formula, Proof of the Law of Sines, Equal Angles Imply Proportional Sides*

Instructional Video: Area of a Triangle Using Sine

Instructional Video: Proof of the Law of Sines

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 25 (Textbook Lessons 97-100)

97: *The Ambiguous Case*

Instructional Video: Law of Sines the Ambiguous Case

98: *Change of Base, Contrived Logarithm Problems*

Instructional Video: Change of Base Formula

Practice Set: Change of Base

Instructional Video: Contrived Log Problems

99: *Sequence Notations, Advanced Sequence Problems, The Arithmetic and Geometric Means*

Instructional Video: Sequence Notation and Sequence Problems

Instructional Video: Arithmetic and Geometric Means

100: *Product Identities, More Sum and Difference Identities*

Instructional Video: Product Identities

Instructional Video: More Sum and Difference Identities

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 26 (Textbook Lessons 101-104)

101: *Zero Determinants, 3×3 Determinants, Determinant Solutions of 3×3 Systems, Independent Equations*

Instructional Video: Zero Determinants

Instructional Video: 3×3 Determinants

Instructional Video: Determinant of a 3×3 Matrix (standard)

Instructional Video: Determinant of 3×3 Matrix (shortcut)

Practice Set: 3×3 Determinants

102: *Binomial Expansions (2)*

Instructional Video: More Examples of Binomial Expansion

103: *Calculations with Logarithms, Power of the Hydrogen*

Instructional Video: Expanding and Condensing Logarithms

Instructional Video: Power of Hydrogen

104: *Arithmetic Series, Geometric Series*

Instructional Video: Arithmetic Series

Instructional Video: Geometric Series

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 27 (Textbook Lessons 105-108)

105: *Cofactors, Expansion by Cofactors*

Instructional Video: Finding Cofactors

Instructional Video: Expansion by Cofactors

106: *Translations of Conic Sections, Equations of the Ellipse, Equations of the Hyperbola*

Instructional Video: Translations of Conic Sections

Instructional Video: Converting Ellipse from General Form to Standard Form

Instructional Video: Converting Hyperbola from General Form to Standard Form

107: *Convergent Geometric Series*

Instructional Video: Sum of an Infinite Geometric Series

108: *Matrix Addition and Multiplication*

Instructional Video: Adding and Subtracting Matrices

Instructional Video: Multiplying Matrices

Practice Set: Multiplying Matrices

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 28 (Textbook Lessons 109-112)

109: *Rational Numbers*

Instructional Video: Rational Numbers to Fractions Using Convergent Geometric Series

110: *Graphs of Arcsin and Arccosine, Graphs of Arsecant and Arccosecant, Graphs of Arctangent and Arccotangent*

Instructional Video: Graphs of Inverse Trig Functions

Instructional Video: Graphs of Inverse Trig Functions (Another Explantation)

111: *Logarithmic Inequalities: Base Greater Than 1, Logarithmic Inequalities: Base Less Than 1*

Instructional Video: Log Inequalities Base Greater Than 1

112: *Binomial Theorem*

Instructional Video: Finding a Specific Term in a Binomial Expansion

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 29 (Textbook Lessons 113-116)

113: *Synthetic Division, Zeros and Roots*

Instructional Video: Synthetic Division

Instructional Video: More Synthetic Division

114: *Graphs of Factored Polynomial Functions*

Instructional Video: Graphing Functions in Factored Form

Instructional Video: Additional Example

115: *The Remainder Theorem*

Instructional Video: Intro to the Remainder Theorem

Practice Set: Remainder Theorem

116: *The Region of Interest*

Instructional Video: Features of Polynomial Graphs

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 30 (Textbook Lessons 117-120)

117: *Prime and Relatively Prime Numbers, Rational Roots Theorem*

Instructional Video: Prime and Relatively Prime Numbers

Instructional Video: Rational Roots Theorem

118: *Roots of Polynomial Equations*

Instructional Video: Roots of Polynomials

119: *Descartes’ Rule of Signs, Upper and Lower Bound Theorem, Irrational Roots*

Instructional Video: Descartes’ Rule of Signs

Instructional Video: Upper and Lower Bound Theorem

120: *Matrix Algebra, Finding Inverse Matrices*

Instructional Video: Solving Systems of Equations with Matrices

Instructional Video: Finding the Inverse of a 2×2 Matrix

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 31 (Textbook Lessons 121-125)

121: *Piecewise Functions, Greatest Integer Function*

Instructional Video: Graphing Piecewise Functions 1

Instructional Video: Graphing Piecewise Functions 2

Instructional Video: Greatest Integer Function

122: *Graphs of Rational Functions, Graphs That Contain Holes*

Instructional Video: Graphs of Rational Functions

Instructional Video: Graphs that Contain Holes

123: *The General Conic Equation*

Instructional Video: Graphing Hyperbola

124: *Point of Division Formulas*

Instructional Video: Point of Division Formulas

### Biology

**General**

This weekly two-minute podcast from Science Underground has cool science facts.

Introduction to Biology

Lord of the Ants

Encyclopedia of Life

Understanding Science

Zooniverse

**Lesson 5**

Virtual Mitosis Lab: Replacement for the Rutger’s University *The Virtual Biology Labs*

**Lesson 6**

Mules and what happens when you breed two related animals with mismatched chromosomes

Video: Mendel’s peas and the basics of genetics

**Lesson 8**

Short video: DNA structure and function. It’s a good overview of the big picture behind several lessons, including protein synthesis, mutations, and natural selection.

Video: Hershey and Chase’s work, including actual photos of viruses and bacteria. This is also applicable to lesson 19.

**Lesson 9**

Video: GMOs, the importance of peer review in science, and the potential effects of political interest

Gene therapy, and its potential for treating blindness

Ted Talk: Kary Mullis: Play! Experiment! Discover!

**Lesson 10**

New findings about the DNA of ancient humans in Europe. It answers some questions about human evolution, linking genetic research to evolution and nutrition.

**Lesson 12**

NPR News report: Challenging the assumption that life evolved in the ocean and then moved to land when the ozone layer formed, protecting land from UV radiation. It’s another example of how science keeps changing with every new discovery!

Possibility of life originating on Mars! When reading these articles, always check out the comments by readers, as some of them share intelligent thoughts. It is the seemingly outlandish research such as this that eventually builds up to a credible scientific case.

New species of ancient human, Homo naledi, discovered in South Africa, just announced to the world in September, 2015.

**Lesson 22**

Video: Plant reproduction made simple

**Lesson 26**

Animal eye shape as related to their lifestyle. They even connect it to designing fictitious animals used in Hollywood movies!

### Chemistry Matters

**General Resources**

Brightstorm Chemistry

Khan Academy Chemistry

Bozeman Science Chemistry

“Citation and Style Guide Help”

**Lesson 1:** *Introduction to Chemistry and Matter*

“Gulf Oil Spill”

“How to Make Gold Pennies!”

“Lab Techniques & Safety: Crash Course Chemistry #21”

“Lab Equipment—Explained”

“Why Don’t the U.S., Myanmar, and Liberia Use the Metric System?”

“Line of Best Fit Equation”

“Excel Basics—Linear Regression—Finding Slope & Y Intercept”

“Linear Regression T184 (Line of Best Fit)”

“Hazard Communication Standard: Safety Data Sheets”

“Flinn Scientific Safety Data Sheet (SDS): Acetic Acid Solution 4.3 M–6 M”

**Lesson 2:** *Basic Building Materials*

The Copper Cycle—Acid, Deadly Gas and Blue Blood!

The Law of Conservation of Mass—Todd Ramsey

The Genius of Mendeleev’s Periodic Table—Lou Serico

**Lesson 3:** *A World of Particles*

“Make Atom Paper Snowflakes”

“The 2,400-Year Search for the Atom—Theresa Doud”

“What is the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle?—Chad Orzel”

“Radioactivity: Expect the Unexpected—Steve Weatherall”

“The Genius of Marie-Curie—Shohini Ghose”

**Lesson 4:** *Moving Electrons*

“Flame Tests of Metal Ions, with Labels”

“How Atoms Bond—George Zaidan and Charles Morton”

“Quantum Numbers, Atomic Orbitals, and Electron Configurations”

“Writing Electron Configurations”

“Electron Configurations: Orbital Box Diagrams”

“Electron Configurations of Ions, Atomic Structure and Properties, AP Chemistry, Khan Academy”

“The Molecular Shape of You (Ed Sheeran Parody), A Capella Science”

“Exceptions to Electron Configuration”

“Flinn Scientific Chem Fax! An Elemental Challenge”

**Lesson 5:** *Building with Matter*

“Creating a Conductivity Tester”

“Electrical Conductivity of Solutions”

“Atomic Hook-Ups—Types of Chemical Bonds: Crash Course Chemistry #22”

“How Does Electroplating Work, Reactions, Chemistry, FuseSchool”

**Lesson 6:** *Speaking of Molecules*

“Lab Rules—Dua Lipa ‘New Rules’ Parody, Science Songs”

“Chemistry of Fragrances: Lessons in Chemistry”

“Smells Lesson 3 Tutorial—HONC 1234 Rule”

“Lewis Dot Structures”

“How Do We Smell?—Rose Eveleth”

**Lesson 7:** *Building Molecules*

“VSEPR Theory and Molecular Geometry”

“VSEPR Theory: Introduction”

“Molecular Shapes: Basics”

“Molecule Shapes”

**Lesson 8:** *Molecules in Action*

“Polar & Non-Polar Molecules: Crash Course Chemistry #23”

“Intermolecular Forces and Boiling Points”

“What Are the Diatomic Elements?”

“Super Common Mistake: Diatomic Elements”

**Lesson 9:** *Molecules in the Body*

“Stereochemistry: Enantiomers”

“Isomers, Properties of Carbon, Biology, Khan Academy”

**Lesson 10:** *Physically Changing Matter*

“Soap Soufflé”

“The ABC’s of Gas: Avogadro, Boyles, Charles—Brian Bennett”

“CoCoRaHS Tutorial—How the Rain Gauge Works”

“How to Read a Weather Map”

“Charles’s Law, Physical Processes, MCAT, Khan Academy”

“Charles’s Law”

**Lesson 11:** *Pressing Matter*

“Boyle’s Law”

“Gay Lussac’s Law Practice Problems”

“Combined Gas Law”

“Boyle’s Law, Physical Processes, MCAT, Khan Academy”

**Lesson 12:** *Concentrating Matter*

National Mole Day Foundation Themes

“How Big Is a Mole? (Not the Animal, the Other One)—Daniel Dulek”

“Kinetic Molecular Theory and the Ideal Gas Laws”

“Introduction to Moles”

“Ideal Gas Law Introduction”

“Ideal Gas Law Practice Problems”

“Mole Road Map”

**Lesson 13:** *Toxic Changes*

“Periodic Videos”

“Hydrogen—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Exploding Hydrogen Bubbles”

“Balancing Chemical Equations”

“Physical and Chemical Changes”

“The Law of Conservation of Mass—Todd Ramsey”

“The Law of Conservation of Matter”

“Types of Chemical Reactions”

**Lesson 14:** *Measuring Toxins*

“Arsenic (New)—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Arsenic Life—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Calculate Molar Mass Practice Problems”

“Molar Mass”

**Lesson 15:** *Toxins in Solution*

“Chlorine—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Chlorine and War—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Molarity Practice Problems”

“Molarity and Dilution”

“Serial Dilution Method Protocol Step Wise Explanation”

**Lesson 16:** *Acidic Toxins*

“Calcium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“$500,000 of Calcium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What Is the Deadliest Substance on Earth? Toxicity Comparison”

“Acids and Bases, pH and pOH”

“Acid-Base Titration”

“Naming Acids Introduction”

**Lesson 17:** *Toxic Cleanup*

“Silver—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Silver Halides—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Stoichiometry—Chemistry for Massive Creatures: Crash Course Chemistry #6”

“Limiting Reagents and Percent Yield”

“Solution Chemistry and Net Ionic Equations”

“Mole Ratio Practice Problems”

**Lesson 18:** *Observing Energy*

“Iron—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Burning Iron in Liquid Oxygen—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What is Entropy?—Jeff Phillips”

“The Laws of Thermodynamics, Entropy, and Gibbs Free Energy”

“Heat Capacity, Specific Heat, and Calorimetry”

“Entropic Time (Backwards Billy Joel Parody,” A Capella Science”

**Lesson 19:** *Measuring Energy*

“Gallium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Melting Spoon in Tea—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Use a Fire Extinguisher”

“Combustion Reactions (3 of 11) Combustion Reactions, An Explanation”

“Calorimetry: Crash Course Chemistry #19”

“Food Calorimetry Lab: Explanation”

“Food Calorimetry Lab: Calculations”

“Hess’s Law and Heats of Formation”

**Lesson 20:** *Understanding Energy*

“Carbon—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Fire Safety System—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Activation Energy: Kickstarting Chemical Reactions—Vance Kite”

“Energy Diagrams, Catalysts, and Reaction Mechanisms”

**Lesson 21:** *Controlling Energy*

“Magnesium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Burning Magnesium in Water—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Make a Lemon Battery”

“Redox Reactions: Crash Course Chemistry #10”

“Electrochemistry”

“Oxidation-Reduction Reactions”

“Galvanic Cells (Voltaic Cells)

“How Batteries Work—Adam Jacobson”

**Lesson 22:** *Radiating Energy*

“Neon—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What is Light? Maxwell and the Electromagnetic Spectrum”

“History of the Speed of Light and Its Speed Was Determined”

“How X-Rays See Through Your Skin—Ge Wang”

“Is Radiation Dangerous?—Matt Anticole”

“Radiation Protection: Calculate Your Radiation Dose”

**Lesson 23:** *Chemical Equilibrium*

“Plutonium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“How to Make Plutonium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“What is Chemical Equilibrium?—George Zaidan and Charles Morton”

“Equilibrium: Crash Course Chemistry #28”

“Equilibrium”

**Lesson 24:** *Changing Conditions*

“Moscovium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“The Smelliest element—Livermorium—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Tennesine—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Oganesson—Periodic Table of Videos”

“Le Châtelier’s Principle”

“Le Châtelier’s Principle”

“Equilibrium and Cobalt Complex Ions, Chemistry Minute”

“Secret Message—Sick Science #067” (video length 0:50)

**Semester Two Project**

“Elephant Toothpaste—Safe Easy World Record Recipe”

“Amazing 9 Layer Density Tower—Sick Science! #012” (Video length: 1:24)

“Secret Message—Sick Science #067” (Video length: 0:50)

“Mentos Geyser Experiment”

### Global Climate Change

**Lesson 1**

The Case to Recognise Indigenous Knowledge as Science

The Battle against Buffel: Protecting County and Culture

We All Smell the Smoke, We All Feel the Heat. This Environmental Catastrophe Is Global

**Lesson 2**

Citizen Science Gets Active and Organised

What Is the ALA?

Zooniverse

iNaturalist

eBird, The Cornell Lab of Ornithology

Budburst, Chicago Botanic Garden

Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, and Snow Network

Plants and Climate Change

EarthEcho Water Challenge

Leaf Pack Network – Get Involved

“Examples of Citizen Science Projects Supported by EPA

SciStarter

Seventy-Five Scientific Research Projects You Can Contribute to Online

Indigenous Ecological Knowledge

**Lesson 3**

Mapped: How ‘Proxy’ Data Reveals the Climate of the Earth’s Distant Past

Visualizing Climate Change through Space and Time

A Brief History of Geologic Time

Tree Rings Simulation—Dendrochronology

About the Indigenous Seasons Calendars

Paleo Data Search

Australian Aboriginal Peoples’ Seasonal Knowledge: A Potential Basis for Shared Understanding in Environmental Management

**Lesson 4**

Are We Really Made of Stardust?

Feedback Loops: How Nature Gets Its Rhythms

**Lesson 5**

Big Oil Coined ‘Carbon Footprints’ to Blame Us for Their Greed. Keep Them on the Hook

ResearchGate

U. S. Carbon Footprint Difficult to Reduce

Carbon Calculator

How Big Is Your Environmental Footprint?

Carbon Footprint Calculator, EPA

Carbon Cycling in the Earth System

The 35 Easiest Ways to Reduce Your Carbon Footprint

His Epic Message Will Make You Want to Save the World

**Lesson 6**

American West(s): How the Yurok Tribe Is Reclaiming the Klamath River

Farming First Case Studies

There Are No Winners Here’: Drought in the Klamath Basin Inflames a Decades-Old War over Water and Fish

Introduction: Karuk Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Climate Change and Knowledge Sovereignty

**Lesson 7**

Inuit Artists on Their Changing Relationship with the Land and Sea

Disappearing Ice Is Threatening Native Alaskans’ Way of Life

Relocate or Rebuild? Indigenous Alaskans Are Forced to Choose

Arctic Sea Ice Extent

Activity: Greenhouse Gases

**Lesson 8**

Photographer Hopes to Draw Attention to Global Warming with Magnificent Polar Photos

Why on Earth Are Winters Getting Worse If the Planet Is Getting Warmer

Mass Gains of the Antarctic Ice Sheet Exceed Losses

Shoreward Intrusion of Oceanic Surface Waters Alters Physical and Biological Ocean Structures on the Antarctic Continental Shelf during Winter: Observations from Instrumented Seals

“Painting.” Artists and Climate Change

Atlas of Community-Based Monitoring and Indigenous Knowledge in a Changing Arctic

Animal Tales from Icy Wonderlands

**Lesson 9**

The Psychology of Climate Change—and How to Engage with It

Insomniami

Treehouse Climate Action Poem Prize

Love Poems in the Time of Climate Change

A Climate Change Poem for Today: The Solace of Artemis

Story Map: The Arctic—Closer than You Think

**Lesson 10**

The Animals That Will Survive Climate Change

Should Pandas Be Left to Face Extinction?

Namib – Encyclopedia Britannica

Namibia – Climate Change Knowledge Portal

Climate Change Effects on Desert Ecosystems: A Case Study on the Keystone Species of the Namib Desert Welwitschia Mirabilis

The Influence of Climate Fiction: An Empirical Survey of Readers

Recent Responses to Climate Change Reveal the Drivers of Species Extinction and Survival

**Lesson 11**

A History of FLICC: The 5 Techniques of Science Denial

Bill Nye’s Global Meltdown Climate Change Documentary

Before the Flood Full Movie National Geographic

Chasing Ice

Polar Extremes

**Lesson 12**

The Effects of Immigration on Urban Communities

**Lesson 13**

Indigenous Knowledge Meets Science to Take on Climate Change

24 Hours of Reality: ‘Earthrise’

**Lesson 14**

Quannah on Protecting the Arctic Wildlife Refuge

11-Year-Old Climate Activist Ridhima Pandey on Fighting Climate Change and Why India Is Vulnerable

Australian Students Plan School Strikes to Protest against Climate Inaction

‘It’s Time for Action’: Indigenous Water Activist Autumn Peltier to Speak at UN Forum

Meet Leah Namugerwa: The 15-Year-Old Leading Climate Activism in Uganda

‘I’m Hopeful’: Jerome Foster, the 18-Year-Old Helping to Craft US Climate Policy

This Indigenous Teenager Is Fighting to Save the Amazon from Brazil’s Bolsonaro

NPR Student Podcast Challenge

Treehouse Climate Action Poem Prize

**Lesson 15**

The People Who Caused the Climate Crisis Aren’t the Ones Who Will Fix It

Online Infographic Maker to Create Your Own Infographic

**Lesson 16**

How We Survive: A Changing Mindset

Mitigation and Adaptation: Human Stories of Hope

Florida and the Rising Sea.” Surging Seas, Climate Central

**Lesson 17**

The Good News about Climate Change

Why Oil Country Is Turning to Wind Power

### Environmental Science for a Changing World

**Lesson 2:** *What is Environmental Science?*

“Tragedy of the Commons”

**Lesson 4:*** Exploring an Ecosystem Field Activity*

Nature’s Notebook

**Lesson 7:** *Biogeochemical Cycles*

Interactive diagram of the carbon cycle

**Lesson 9:** *Evolution and Species Interactions*

TED Talk by Sara Lewis:“The Loves and Lies of Fireflies.”

**Lesson 10:** *Communities and Ecology*

TED Talk by Paul Nicklen: “Animal Tales from Icy Wonderlands”

**Lesson 11:** *Exploration Labs*

“Ecological Succession: Change Is Good–Crash Course Ecology #6”

“Biomimicry’s Surprising Lessons from Nature’s Engineers”

“Biomimicry in Action”

You can start your research at www.asknature.org.

**Lesson 12:*** Biomes*

“Introduction to Biomes”

**Lesson 14:** *Biodiversity*

World Wildlife Fund

Living Planet Index

“Country Profiles”

IUCN Red List

“The IUCN Red List: A Barometer of Life”

**Lesson 15:** *Soundscape Ecology*

“The Voice of the Natural World”

“Natural Sounds”

“Soundscapes”

“Sophisticated Sonar of Wild Owls Hunting in the Arctic Forest”

Voices in the Sea

“Sounds in the Ocean”

**Lesson 16:** *Human Population*

It is fascinating to go to the world population clock (www.census.gov/popclock) and watch the numbers tick upward.

Census Website

“How Many People Can Live on Planet Earth?”

“Experts Be Damned: World Population Will Continue to Rise”

**Lesson 17:** *The Environment and Health*

“Amphibians Rarely Give Earliest Warning of Pollution”

“Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program”

Environmental Health News

**Lesson 20:** *Urbanization*

“Urban Growth Boundaries”

“Night Skies”

“Rate Your Night Sky”

International Dark-Sky Association

**Lesson 21:** *Exploring Our Impact*

Carbon calculator #1: “Carbon Calculator”

Carbon calculator #2: “Calculate Your Carbon Footprint”

If you know your country uses mostly nonrenewable energy (fossil fuels or nuclear), you can use this interesting map at www.eia.gov/state/ and choose a state that comes closest to what you think your country uses.

“What Is Your Ecological Footprint?”

“Carbon Footprint of Best Conserving Americans Is Still Double Global Average”

**Lesson 23:** *Soil*

Natural Resources Conservation Service website

“Collecting Crime Evidence from Earth”

**Lesson 26/27:** *Water*

Learn more about the current status of Lake Powell

National Geographic: Big, Bigger, Biggest Dam

**Lesson 28:** *The Atmosphere*

“The Antarctic Ozone Hole—From Discovery to Recovery, a Scientific Journey”

If you are interested in learning more, this website is also a very useful resource: www.theozonehole.com/odcs.htm. Under “History,” there is a two-minute video about how the ozone hole was discovered, “Discovery of the Ozone Hole/Natural History Museum” (also found on YouTube).

NASA’s ozone hole watch

**Lesson 29/30:** *Climate Change*

“Statement and Poem by Kathy Jetnil-Kijiner, Climate Summit 2014—Opening Ceremony”

Visit www.co2.earth, and find out the most recent concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, based on data collected from the Mauna Loa Observatory.

“General Circulation of the Atmosphere”

“Collapse of the Larsen B Ice Shelf”

“After the Larsen B”

“Miles of Ice Collapsing into the Sea”

**Lesson 31/32:** *Nonrenewable Energy*

Go to ted.com and look up Taylor Wilson. First listen to the very short and inspiring talk, “Yup, I Built a Nuclear Fusion Reactor.” Then listen to the 14-minute talk, “My Radical Plan for Small Nuclear Fission Reactors.”

“The True Cost of Oil”

**Lesson 33:** *Renewable Energy*

TED Talk by William Kamkwamba:“How I Harnessed the Wind”

“The Largest Dam in the World”

Sun Chart Program

**Lesson 34:** *Your Household Energy Consumption*

You can find information about specific models on websites such as this one for refrigerators and freezers

U.S. DOE and EPA

**For Further Inspiration**

The Great Sunflower Project

“RoadkillGarneau” (Epicollect5)

“Citizen Science” (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)

“Audobon Christmas Bird Count” (Audubon)

“Citizen Science” (National Wildlife Federation)

“Citizen Science” (Scientific American)

“Citizen Science” (NASA Science)

Zooniverse (a “master list” of citizen science projects)

### French II

**General**

How to Easily Type and Pronounce the 5 French Accents

TypeIt

Voice recordings

Flash Cards

Online dictionary

Verb conjugations

**Lesson 1**

“Meet the Youngest Winner of Paris’ Grand Prize for Best Baguette”

**Lesson 2**

Paris’s First Public Pools on the Seine Are a Major Success

**Lesson 3**

“L’Académie française se résout à la féminisation des noms de métiers”

Culture Prime: Héloïse Luzzati, ou la passion des compositrices

Les combinaisons de lettres et les sons en français

La prononciation des lettres en français

French Pronunciation—Les Voyelles Nasales “ON” “EN,” “AIN”

**Lesson 4**

Radio France Internationale—RFI

Radio France website

Radio France website/English version

**Lesson 5**

“PSG become first French club to join UN effort to tackle climate change”

Languages Online

**Lesson 6**

Stromae—Formidable (ceci n’est pas une leçon)

Angèle—Balance Ton Quoi

**Lesson 8**

“Haitian-Québécois author Marie-Célie Agnant visits Elon during Winter Term”

“Five Quebecois Writers You Should Know”

**Lesson 11**

“France moves ahead with bid to add climate protection to constitution”

“125 ans de loi forestière: un succès durable”

**Lesson 12**

“What is ringette?”

**Lesson 13**

Les Francofolies de La Rochelle 2021

**Lesson 15**

La jument de Michao

Manau—Mais Qui Est La Belette

**Lesson 16**

La Nouvelle-Orléans et le Deep South

**Lesson 19**

La ferme biologique La Touvière

**Lesson 21**

Americans Try to Pronounce French Words

Parisians Try to Pronounce Words in English

**Lesson 22**

L’Organization Internationale de la Francophonie

Le Sommet

**Lesson 23**

Fatou Diome: “J’ai trop de respect pour l’Afrique pour accepter qu’elle soit à genoux.”

**Lesson 26**

Pont Faidherbe (Senegal)

Monuments and Memorials in Bamako, Mali

**Lesson 27**

“‘It’s how we know who we are’: behind a docuseries on African American food”

**Lesson 28**

Haitian Creole—The World’s Most Widely Spoken Creole Language

**Lesson 31**

“La nouvelle campagne insolite de france tv publicité réalisée par l’agence altmann + pacreau”

**Lesson 33**

It snows in marrakesh

### Foodways: Sustainable Food Systems

**Lesson 1**

Video: Biological Molecules: You Are What You Eat

Video: Photosynthesis and the Teeny Tiny Pigment Pancakes

**Lesson 2**

Video: What Is the Soil Food Web?

Video: Autotrophs vs. Heterotrophs

Article: Soil Food Web

**Lesson 3**

Article: Soil Types

Article: Soil Layers

Video: Introduction to Soil (Part 1)

Video: Introduction to Soil (Part 2)

Video: Soil and Soil Dynamics

Article: State Soils

**Lesson 4**

Interactive map: Where Our Food Crops Come From

Video: Origins of Agriculture

**Lesson 5**

Video: Earth’s Systems Interact

**Lesson 6**

Video: Summer on the Farm

Video: What is Agroforestry?

Video: Why Are GMOs Bad?

Video: The Great Laws of Nature: Indigenous Organic Agriculture documentary

**Lesson 7**

Video: What is a Local Food System?

Video: Vermont’s Local Food System (6-part series)

Website: Local Harvest

**Lesson 8**

Article: 50 By 60: A New England Food Vision

Video: Food by the Numbers: Feeding Our Hungry Planet

Article: Why Local Food Matters

**Lesson 9**

Article: What Is Agribusiness?

Article: American Farmers Say They Feed the World, But Do They?

Article: A Decade After “The Omnivore’s Dilemma,” Michael Pollan Sees Signs of Hope

Video: The Truth About Your Food

**Lesson 10**

Article: What Is Sustainable Agriculture?

Documentary: Those Who Sow

**Lesson 11/12**

Video: Food and the Impact of Social Media

Video: Marketing Food to Children

Music video: Grow Food

Music video: I’m Farming and I Grow It

Photo essay: What I Eat: Around the World in 80 Diets

**Lesson 13**

Article: Map: Here’s How Much Each Country Spends on Food

Article: Child Poverty

Article: Why American’s Lead the World in Food Waste

Video: New England Food Is Our Solution

Video: Seeds of Our Ancestors, Seeds of Life

Report: USDA Ag and Food Statistics 2018

**Lesson 14**

Video: Stages of Service Learning

### Forensic Science

**Lesson 1**

Crime Museum: Casey Anthony Trial

DNA expert: Blood on Westerfield’s Jacket matches slain girl’s

**Lesson 2**

O.J. Simpson acquitted

Crime Museum: JonBenét

*Why Eyewitnesses Fail *

*Social Influence and Eyewitness Testimony *

*How Reliable Is Your Memory? *

Innocence Project

**Lesson 3**

A Byte Out of History: Latent Prints in the 1933 Hamm Kidnapping

Richard Ramirez, the ‘Night Stalker’ Killer, Dies at 53

*Your Fingerprints Reveal More Than You Think *

*Forensic Education Basic Fingerprint Lifting*

**Lesson 4**

Murderpedia: Ludwig Tessnow

Fake Blood Recipes

Find the DNA in a Banana

**Lesson 5**

Central Park Five

Virtual Microscopy Interactive Tutorials

Smartphone Microscope Review

MicrolabNW Photomicrograph Gallery: Hair

**Lesson 6**

The Curious Case of the Poisoned Umbrella: The Murder of Georgi Markov

*Forensic Files: Season 11, Episode 39, “Fired Up” *

*Forensic Files 2: Season 9, Episode 21, “Point of Origin” *

Your Body at Different Levels of Blood Alcohol Concentration

Crime Museum: Pablo Escobar

Who Killed Pablo Escobar? Truth Told by DEA Agents

**Lesson 7**

Beltway Snipers

Latest appeal by Jesse Timmendequas to overturn conviction in Megan Kanka killing Is rejected

Unabomber

*Forensic Files: Season 11, Episode 1, “Naughty or Nyce” *

**Lesson 8**

A Forensic Anthropologist Who Brings Closure for the “Disappeared”

**Lesson 9**

Everyday Cybercrime and What You Can Do About It

Google Earth

### Geometry

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 1 (Textbook Lessons 1 – 10)

1:* Points, Lines, and Planes*

Instructional Video: Points, Lines and Planes (collinear and coplanar points)

Geogebra Investigation: Points, Lines and Planes

2: *Segments*

Instructional Video: Segment Addition Postulate

Practice Set: Segment Addition Postulate

Geogebra Investigation: Segment Addition Postulate

3: *Angles*

Instructional Video: Naming Angles

Reading Resource and Instructional Video: Angle basics and Angle Addition Postulate

4: *Postulates and Theorems About Points, Lines, and Planes*

Instructional Video: Postulates and Theorems about points, lines, and planes

5: *More Theorems About Lines and Planes*

Instructional Video: Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

6: *Identifying Pairs of Angles*

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Instructional Video: Linear Pairs and Vertical Angles

Practice Set: Identifying Complementary, Supplementary, and Vertical Angle Pairs

Geogebra Investigation: Angle Relationships (book includes 5 demonstrations)

7: *Using Inductive Reasoning*

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 1

Instructional Video: Inductive Reasoning part 2

Reading Resource: Inductive Reasoning

8: *Using Formulas in Geometry*

Instructional Video: Area and Perimeter of rectangles and squares

Geogebra Investigation: Visual Proofs of the Pythagorean Theorem (book includes 4 activities)

Instructional Video: Using the Pythagorean Theorem to find area and perimeter of triangles

9: *Finding Length: Distance Formula*

Instructional Video: Using the Distance Formula

10: *Using Conditional Statements*

Instructional Video: Conditional and Converse Statements

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 2 (Textbook Lessons 11-20)

11: *Finding Midpoints*

Instructional Video with Practice Problems: Finding Midpoints

12:* Proving Lines Parallel*

Instructional Video: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Practice Set: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines

Geogebra Investigation: Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines (book includes 3 activities)

Instructional Video: Proving Lines Parallel

13:* Introduction to Triangles*

Instructional Video: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Practice Set: Classifying Triangles by Sides and Angles

Instructional Video: Finding the Area of a Triangle

Practice Set: Finding the Area of a Triangle

14: *Disproving Conjectures with Counterexamples*

Instructional Video: Conjectures and Counterexamples

15: *Introduction to Polygons*

Instructional Video: Polygon or Non-Polygon?

Instructional Video: Classifying Polygons

Geogebra Investigation: Regular Polygons

16: *Finding Slopes and Equations of Lines*

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from a graph

Instructional Video: Finding Slope from two points

Instructional Video: Writing Equations of Lines

Instructional Video: Graphing lines in y=mx+b form

Practice Set: Graphing lines

17: *More Conditional Statements*

Instructional Video: Inverse and Contrapositive Statements

18: *Triangle Theorems*

Instructional Video: Triangle Sum Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Triangle Sum Theorem

Instructional Video: Exterior Angle Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Exterior Angle Theorem

19:* Introduction to Quadrilaterals*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Quadrilaterals

Practice Set: Identifying Quadrilaterals

Instructional Video: Area and Perimeter of rectangles and squares

20:* Interpreting Truth Tables*

Instructional Video: Truth tables, conjunctions and disjunctions

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 3 (Textbook Lessons 21-30)

21: *Laws of Detachment and Syllogism*

Instructional Video: Laws of Detachment and Syllogism

22: *Finding Areas of Quadrilaterals*

Instructional Video: Area of a Parallelogram

Practice Set: Finding Area of a Parallelogram

Instructional Video: Area of a Trapezoid

Practice Set: Finding Area of a Trapezoid

Instructional Video: Area of a Rhombus

Instructional Video: Area of a Rhombus (more in-depth)

23: *Introduction to Circles*

Instructional Video: Area and Circumference of Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Area of a Circle

Instructional Video: Area of Circles Application Problem

Practice Set: Area of a Circle

Practice Set: Circumference of a Circle

24: *Algebraic Proofs*

Instructional Video: Algebraic Proofs

25: *Triangle Congruence SSS*

Instructional Video: Naming Congruent Triangles

Instructional Video: Triangle Congruence by SSS

Geogebra Investigation: SSS Demonstration

26: *Central Angles and Arc Measure*

Instructional Video: Major Arcs, Minor Arcs, and Semicircles

Instructional Video: Congruent Arcs

Instructional Video: Arc Addition Postulate

Geogebra Investigation: Exploring Arcs and Angles

27: *Two-Column Proofs*

Instructional Video: Intro to Two-Column Proofs

Instructional Video: Additional Example of a Two-Column Proof

28: *Triangle Congruence SAS*

Instructional Video: SAS Congruence with Example Proof

Instructional Video: Additional Example of SAS Proof

29: *Using the Pythagorean Theorem*

Instructional Video: Simplifying Radicals

Practice Set: Simplifying Square Roots

Instructional Video: Pythagorean Triples

Reading Resource: Pythagorean Triples

30: *Triangle Congruence ASA and AAS*

Instructional Video: ASA vs. AAS

Quizlet Flashcards: ASA vs. AAS

Instructional Video: Proof with ASA or AAS

Instructional Video: Why SSA Doesn’t Work

Geogebra Investigation: Triangle Congruence Shortcuts

Practice Set: Determining Triangles Congruent

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 4 (Textbook Lessons 31-40)

31: *Flowchart and Paragraph Proofs*

Instructional Video: Flowchart and Paragraph Proofs

32: *Altitudes and Medians of Triangles*

Instructional Video: Centroid vs. Orthocenter

Geogebra Demonstration: Centroids

Geogebra Investigation: Orthocenter

33: *Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem*

Instructional Video: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem with Examples

Geogebra Investigation: Converse of the Pythagorean Theorem

34: *Properties of Parallelograms*

Instructional Video: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms

Geogebra Investigation: Properties of Parallelograms 2

35: *Finding Arc Lengths and Areas of Sectors*

Instructional Video: Arc Length and Sector Area

Geogebra Investigation: Test Your Skills with Arc Length and Sector Area

36: *Right Triangle Congruence Theorem*

Instructional Video: HL with proof examples

37: *Writing Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines*

Instructional Video: Parallel, Perpendicular, or Neither?

Instructional Video: Finding Slopes of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

Instructional Video: Graphing Parallel and Perpendicular Lines

38: *Perpendicular and Angle Bisectors of Triangles*

Instructional Video: Using the Angle Bisector Theorem

Instructional Video: Incenters and Circumcenters

Geogebra Demonstration: Incenters

Geogebra Demonstration: Circumcenters

Geogebra Investigation: Circumcenters

39: *Inequalities in a Triangle*

Instructional Video: Ordering the Sides of a Triangle

Instructional Video: Triangle Inequality Theorem with Examples

Instructional Video: Exterior Angle Inequality Theorem with Proof Example

40: *Finding Perimeters and Areas of Composite Figures*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area of Composite Shapes

Practice Set: Perimeter and Area of Composite Shapes

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 5 (Textbook Lessons 41-50)

41: *Ratios, Proportion, and Similarity*

Instructional Video: Proportion Application

Instructional Video: Solving Proportions

Instructional Video: Similar Polygon Overview and Solving for Missing Parts

42: *Finding Distance from a Point to a Line*

Instructional Video: Using the Distance Formula

43: *Chords, Secants, and Tangents*

Instructional Video: Chord and Diameter Theorems

Geogebra Investigation: Chords, Secants, and Tangents

Geogebra Investigation: Diameters and Chords

44: *Applying Similarity*

Instructional Video: Using Proportions to Find Missing Sides of Similar Figures

Instructional Video: Ratio of Area and Perimeter of Similar Figures

45: *Introduction to Coordinate Proofs*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Coordinate Proofs

46: *Triangle Similarity AA, SSS, SAS*

Instructional Video: Triangle Similarity Theorems

Practice Set: Determining Similar Triangles

Instructional Video: Example of a Two-Column Triangle Similarity Proof

47: *Circles and Inscribed Angles*

Instructional Video: Inscribed Angles

Practice Set: Inscribed Angles

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Angles

Geogebra Investigation: Inscribed Quadrilaterals

48: *Indirect Proofs*

Instructional Video: Indirect Proof

Instructional Video: Indirect Proof 2

49:* Introduction to Solids*

Instructional Video: Introduction to Solids

Instructional Video: Euler’s Formula

50: *Geometric Mean*

Instructional Video: Finding Geometric Mean of Two Numbers

Instructional Video: Using Geometric Mean with Right Triangles

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 6 (Textbook Lessons 51-60)

51: *Properties of Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles*

Instructional Video: Using Properties of Isosceles Triangles

Instructional Video: Using Properties of Equilateral Triangles

Instructional Video: Proofs with Isosceles Triangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Isosceles Triangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Equilateral Triangles

52: *Properties of Rectangles, Rhombuses, and Squares*

Instructional Video: Properties of Rectangles

Geogebra Demonstration: Rectangle Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Squares

Geogebra Demonstration: Square Properties

Instructional Video: Properties of Rhombuses

Geogebra Demonstration: Rhombus Properties

53: *45-45-90 Right Triangles*

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 45-45-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 45-45-90 Triangles

54: *Representing Solids*

Instructional Video: Drawing Solid Shapes

55: *Triangle Midsegment Theorem*

Instructional Video: Proof of the Triangle Midsegment Theorem

Instructional Video: Using the Triangle Midsegment Theorem

56: *30-60-90 Right Triangles*

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Triangles

Instructional Video: 30-60-90 Examples

Geogebra Investigation: 30-60-90 Triangles

57: *Finding Perimeter and Area with Coordinates*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area on the Coordinate Plane

58: *Tangents and Circles, Part 1*

Instructional Video: Tangents and Circles

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents to Circles

59: *Finding Surface Area and Volumes of Prisms*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Prisms

60: *Proportionality Theorems*

Instructional Video: Using the Triangle Proportionality Theorem

Instructional Video: Transversal Proportionality Theorem

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 7 (Textbook Lessons 61-70)

61: *Determining if a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram*

Instructional Video: Showing a Quadrilateral is a Parallelogram

62: *Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Cylinders*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cylinders

63: *Introduction to Vectors*

Instructional Video: Intro to Vectors and Scalars

Instructional Video: Finding Magnitude of a Vector

Instructional Video: Adding Vectors Algebraically and Graphically

64: *Angles Interior to Circles*

Instructional Video: Tangents and Chords

Geogebra Demonstration: Tangents and Chords

Instructional Video: Arcs and Angles Formed by Chords

Geogebra Investigation: Angles Formed by Chords

65: *Distinguishing Types of Parallelograms*

Reading Resource: Properties of Parallelograms

Instructional Video with Practice Set: Quadrilateral Hierarchy

66: *Finding Perimeters and Areas of Regular Polygons*

Instructional Video: Perimeter and Area of Regular Polygons

67: *Introduction to Transformations*

Instructional Video: Intro to Rigid Transformations

Practice Set: Identifying Transformations

68:* Introduction to Trigonometric Ratios*

Instructional Video: Intro to Trig Ratios

Geogebra Practice Set: Test Your Trig Ratio Skills

69: *Properties of Trapezoids and Kites*

Instructional Video: Properties of Isosceles Trapezoids

Instructional Video: Examples of Trapezoid Midsegment Theorem

Geogebra Investigation: Isosceles Trapezoid Properties

Instructional Video: Kite Properties

Geometry Investigation: Kite Properties

70: *Finding Surface Area and Volumes of Pyramids*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Pyramids

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of Pyramid is ⅓ Volume of Prism

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 8 (Textbook Lessons 71-80)

71: *Translations*

Instructional Video: Translations

Practice Set: Translations

Geogebra Investigation: Translations with Vectors

Geogebra Activity: Tangrams with Translations

72: *Tangents and Circles, Part 2*

Instructional Video: Internal and External Tangents

Reading Resource: Common Tangents

73: *Applying Trigonometry: Angles of Elevation and Depression*

Instructional Video: Angles of Elevation and Depression

Instructional Video: Word Problem Examples with Angles of Elevation and Depression

Geogebra Investigation: Angles of Elevation and Depression

74: *Reflections*

Instructional Video: Reflections

Instructional Video: Determining Reflections

Practice Set: Reflecting Shapes

75: *Writing the Equation of a Circle*

Instructional Video: Writing an Equation of a Circle from a Graph

Instructional Video: Graphing a Circle from its Equation

Practice Set: Graph a Circle from its Equation

Geogebra Investigation: Relating a Circle and its Equation

76: *Symmetry*

Instructional Video: Lines of Symmetry

Instructional Video: Rotational Symmetry

Geogebra Investigation: Rotational and Reflective Symmetry

77: *Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Cones*

Instructional Video: Surface Area and Volume of Cones

78: *Rotations*

Instructional Video: Rotations

Reading Resource: Transformation Cheat Sheet

79: *Angles Exterior to Circles*

Instructional Video: Angles Exterior to Circles

80: *Finding Surface Areas and Volumes of Spheres*

Instructional Video: Surface Areas and Volumes of Spheres

Geogebra Demonstration: Volume of a Sphere

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 9 (Textbook Lesson 81-90)

81: *Graphing and Solving Linear Systems*

Instructional Video: Solving Linear Systems by Graphing

Instructional Video: Solving Linear Systems by Graphing (Special Cases)

82: *More Applications of Trigonometry*

Instructional Video: Solving Right Triangles with Inverse Trig Functions

Geogebra Practice Set: Test your skills with Inverse Trig Functions

83: *Vector Addition*

Instructional Video: Adding Vectors

Geogebra Investigation: Adding Vectors

84: *Dilations*

Instructional Video: Dilations on the Coordinate Plane

Geogebra Investigation: Dilations

85: *Cross Sections of Solids*

Instructional Video: Slicing Solids

Instructional Video: Cavalieri’s Principle

Geogebra Investigation: Book Containing Multiple Cross Section Investigations

86: *Determining Chord Length*

Instructional Video: Chord Lengths

Geogebra Demonstration: Chord Lengths

87: *Area Ratios of Similar Figures*

Instructional Video: Ratio of Perimeter and Area of Similar Figures

88: *Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities*

Instructional Video: Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities 1

Instructional Video: Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities 2

Practice Set: Graphing and Solving Linear Inequalities

89: *Vector Decomposition*

Instructional Video: Vector Decomposition Intro

Instructional Video: Vector Decomposition and Addition

90: *Composite Transformations*

Instructional Video: Composite Transformations

Practice Set: Composite Transformations

Geogebra Investigation: Composite Transformation Book (Multiple Activities)

#### Oak Meadow Lesson 10 (Textbook Lessons 91-100)

91: *Introduction to Trigonometric Identities*

Instructional Video: Intro to Trig Identities

Instructional Video: Proof of Pythagorean Trig Identity

92: *Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane*

Instructional Video: Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane 1

Instructional Video: Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane 2

Instructional Video: Quadrilaterals on the Coordinate Plane 3

93: *Representing Solids: Orthographic Views*

Instructional Video: Orthographic Views

94: *Law of Sines*

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for a Side

Instructional Video: Law of Sines Solving for an Angle

Practice Set: Law of Sines

95: *Equations of Circles: Translating and Dilating*

Instructional Video: Translating and Dilating Circles

Geogebra Investigation: Dilating a Circle

96: *Effects of Changing Dimensions on Perimeter and Area*

Instructional Video: Effects of Changing Dimensions on Perimeter and Area

97: *Concentric Circles*

Instructional Video: Area of an Annulus

Geogebra Demonstration: Area of an Annulus

98: *Law of Cosines*

Instructional Video: Solving for a Side with the Law of Cosines

Instructional Video: Solving for an Angle with the Law of Cosines

Practice Set: Law of Cosines

99: *Volume Ratios of Similar Solids*

Instructional Video: Ratio of Volumes of Similar Solids

Geogebra Investigation: Ratio of Volumes of Similar Solids

100: *Transformation Matrices*

Instructional Video: Adding and Subtracting Matrices

Practice Set: Adding and Subtracting Matrices

### Human Anatomy and Physiology

**General:**

Innerbody.com

Teachpe.com

Crash Course Anatomy and Physiology series

**Lesson 1:** *Getting Started with Anatomy and Physiology*

Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology: Crash Course A&P #1

Anatomical Position and Directional Terms

Body Farm – National Geographic Video Note: be prepared for some graphic images.

Down on the Body Farm: Inside the Dirty World of Forensic Science

**Lesson 2:** *Human Body Systems*

Vitruvius, On Architecture

**Lesson 3:** *The Nervous and Endocrine Systems*

Hormone Affects How Teens’ Brains Control Emotions

BrainFacts.org

Studies of Interference in Serial Verbal Reactions

Demonstration of Stroop Effect—‘Name That Color’ Test

TED talk: What we’ll learn about the brain in the next century

**Lesson 4:** *Respiration and Circulation*

How to Measure Your Lung Capacity

Lung Capacity— A BodyWorks On Tour science experiment

“Label the Heart” quiz

**Lesson 5:** *The Immune System*

“5-second rule on dropped food may have some truth to it”

“Rethinking The Five-Second Rule: With Carpet, There’s No Rush”

Net Logo

**Lesson 6:*** The Digestive and Excretory Systems*

Gulp! The Quiz

The Inside Scoop on Your Insides

“The Marvels in Your Mouth”

Demonstrating Biology: It Takes Guts

**Lesson 7:** *The Skeletal System*

“The Skeleton and Bones”

Skeleton: Bones and Joints

Diagnosing Osteoporosis (Osteoporosis #3)

Osteoporosis

**Lesson 8:*** The Muscular System*

“Muscle Structure—Muscle Under the Microscope”

**Lesson 9:** *The Integumentary System*

“The Integumentary System, Part 1 – Skin Deep: Crash Course A&P #6

“The Integumentary System, Part 1 – Skin Deeper: Crash Course A&P #7”

**Lesson 10:** *Reproduction and Development*

Fertilization (Conception)

Human Embryo Growing from Fertilization to Day 6 Blastula

The Miracle of Life – 9 months in 4 minutes

Alexander Tsiaras: Conception to Birth – visualized

Life Before Birth – In the Womb

Greatest Miracle PBS

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

Baby Makers: The Fertility Clinic (IVF Documentary)

**Lesson 11:** *Putting It All Together*

Running On Empty

The Heart, part 2 – Heart Throbs: Crash Course A&P #26

What Will Humans Look Like in 100 Years?

We Can Reprogram Life. How to Do it Wisely

### Math Connections

**Lesson 1:** *Problem Solving and Critical Thinking*

**For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:**

Estimation

Rounding

Pascal’s Triangle patterns

Fully-worked example of the Four-Step Problem Solving Process

**For fun and deeper exploration:**

*Books*

*How to Solve It* by George Polya

*Logic puzzles and riddles*

http://brainden.com/puzzles-riddles.htm

http://www.logic-puzzles.org/

*Sudoku, KenKen, Kakuro*

http://www.sudoku.com/

http://www.kenken.com/

http://www.kakuro.com/

*Magic Square puzzles*

http://www.magicsquarepuzzles.com/

Learn how to make your own Magic Square puzzles.

*Real problem-solving in the news*

“Wikipedia-size maths proof too big for humans to check,” from *New Scientist, *February 17, 2014.

**Lesson 2:** *Set Theory*

Dennis Wildfogel’s “How Big Is Infinity?” (TED-Ed)

Numberphile’s “Infinity is Bigger Than You Think”

The MacTutor History of Mathematics Archive

For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

A great explanation of what sets are, definitions of set theory terminology, and examples

Explanations and examples of how to solve word problems using Venn diagrams<

**For fun and deeper exploration:**

*Infinite sets:*

A proof that some infinities are bigger than others

A good explanation of infinite sets (also click through to the next page to continue the story)

An excellent TED-Ed lesson on the Infinite Hotel Paradox

*Fibonacci numbers:*

Fibonnaci applications

Puzzles whose solutions relate to the Fibonacci numbers

*Games involving set theory:*

SET, a fun and educational card game, is also available online and as an app

**Lesson 3:** *Number Theory and the Real Number System*

James Tanton’s video, “Divisibility Rule for 7

Scishow’s video, The Fibonacci Sequence: Nature’s Code

Cristóbal Vila’s short video, “Nature by Numbers”

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Khan Academy has a good explanation of how to use the Sieve of Eratosthenes to find prime numbers

Explanations and examples for the order of operations

Rational and irrational numbers

Khan Academy also has an entire section devoted to Scientific Notation

Exponent rules explained

Explanations and examples for arithmetic and geometric sequences

For additional inspiration for the Fibonacci Inspiration activity, check out these videos:

Vi Hart’s Spirals, Fibonacci and being a plant video series (3 parts)

Arthur Benjamin’s TED Talk

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Prime and composite numbers game

Learn how Eratosthenes calculated the circumference of the Earth in Khan Academy’s article

Learn more about that famous number, pi: To see what a million digits of pi really looks like, check out Numberphile’s “A Mile of Pi” video

To hear a tonal representation of the digits of pi, check out Numberphile’s “Sounds of Pi” video

To see artistic data visualizations of the digits of pi, check out Numberphile’s “Pi is Beautiful” video

**Lesson 4:** *Algebra: Equations and Inequalities*

TED-Ed talk given by Jeff Dekofsky

NOVA’s “Great Math Mystery”

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Khan Academy’s Linear Equations and Inequalities section

Proportions explanations and examples

Video on direct and inverse variation

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

For additional discussion to help you explore whether you believe mathematics was invented or discovered, check out PBS Idea Channel’s “Is Math a Feature of the Universe or a Feature of Human Creation?”

**Lesson 5:** *Algebra: Graphs, Functions, Linear Functions, and Linear Systems*

Line of Best Fit tool on the NCTM Illuminations website

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Graphing linear equations

Explanation of function evaluation

Explanation of scatterplots and regression lines

Solving systems of linear equations

Solving systems of linear inequalities

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Now that you know a bit about correlation, it’s important to understand that correlation does not imply causation. In other words, just because two variables are related does *not* mean that one of the variables caused the other. This is a common logical fallacy that leads to invalid conclusions. Check out this *Los Angeles Times* article that makes the point that correlation does not imply causation. Then to drive the point home, visit the site that inspired the article, Spurious Correlations, to view a variety of amusing graphs showing two completely unrelated variables that just happen to be closely correlated.

**Lesson 6:** *Polynomials, Quadratic Equations, and Quadratic Functions*

Vi Hart’s video, “Doodling in math: Spirals, Fibonacci, and being a plant (1 of 3)”

Golden Spiral video

For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

For help with factoring quadratic equations

Solving quadratic equations using the quadratic formula

Solving quadratic equations using the square root property

Features of quadratic functions

Graphing quadratic functions

For a refresher on how to construct a square with straightedge and compass

For a refresher on how to construction a line perpendicular to an existing line

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

More on the legend of Newton and the falling apple

**Lesson 7:** *Personal Finance: Taxes and Interest*

NCTM Illuminations Compound Interest Simulator

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Percents explanations

Solving word problems with percentages

Calculating simple and compound interest

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Find out more about incomprehensibly large numbers.

**Lesson 8:** *Personal Finance: Saving, Investing, and Spending*

How to Lie with Statistics, by Darrell Huff

Edmunds’ True Cost to Own

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Learn more about personal finance for teens at The Mint

Find out the real costs of owning a car as a teen

**Lesson 9:** *Measurement*

Khan Academy unit conversion section

More on converting units

Information on the history of the metric debate in the United States.

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

**Lesson 10:** *Geometry*

Math is Fun Reflectional Symmetry page

Math is Fun Rotational Symmetry page

Dr. James Tanton’s “Generating Pythagorean Triples” video

Escher Gallery

Tessellation Creator tool at the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics’ Illuminations site

Platonic Solids tool from the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics’ Illuminations site

Platonic Solids Models from Math is Fun

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Khan Academy Geometry section with dozens of applicable videos

Math is Fun main Geometry page with dozens of links to topic-specific articles

Graphing circles

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

If you enjoyed the Platonic Solids activity, explore the duals of the Platonic Solids with these videos

For more on tessellations, visit here, or try this app

**Lesson 11:** *Counting Methods and Probability Theory*

TED-Ed video by Yannay Khaikin

TED-Ed lesson, “The last banana – a thought experiment in probability,” by Leonardo Barichello

Ron Clarke’s Monty Hall problem video

Horizons’ Monty Hall problem video

Stay or Switch simulation tool

Marilyn vos Savant’s “Game Show Problem” solution and criticism from the public

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Watch video explanations and try practice problems with the Khan Academy Probability and Combinatorics lessons

Practice figuring out which counting method to use and try your hand at some problems with the Counting Methods Review and Self-Test

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Try challenging counting methods problems at Brilliant.org

Try challenging probability problems at Brilliant.org

Play some probability games here and here

Learn about the origins of Probability as discovered by Blaise Pascal and Pierre de Fermat in solving the Problem of Points

**Lesson 12:** *Statistics*

“Hans Rosling’s 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes”

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Videos on descriptive statistics, including the mean, median, mode, range, quartiles, and standard deviation

Explanations of the Normal Distribution and z-scores

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Hans Rosling about world statistics, watch his 2014 TED talk, “How Not to Be Ignorant About the World.”

“Improving Human Welfare in 2013 International Year of Statistics,” presented by Worldofstatistics.org.

**Lesson 13:** *Logic*

“Guide to Common Fallacies Playlist” by PBS Idea Channel

Your Logical Fallacy

Colm Kellehar’s TED-Ed lesson, “Zeno’s Dichotomy Paradox”

Codebreaker game

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy’s fallacy page

Puzzle Baron’s Logic Puzzles

Puzzle Baron’s logic puzzle generator

#### For help and extra practice with the concepts in this chapter:

Math Goodies has a list of articles explaining various topics in symbolic logic from this chapter

Truth tables video explanation by ProfessorSerna

Activity A help: Additional worked example of a Lewis Carroll logic puzzle, as well as more challenging puzzles

Activity B help: Khan Academy logic videos and exercises. The validity and fallacy videos, in particular, may be helpful.

#### For fun and deeper exploration:

Lewis Carroll’s Paradox

Lewis Carroll’s book, *Symbolic Logic *(full text available online through Project Gutenberg)

The books *The Mathematical Recreations of Lewis Carroll: Pillow Problems and a Tangled Tale *by Lewis Carroll and C. L. Dodgson and *Lewis Carroll’s Games and Puzzles* by Lewis Carroll and Edward WakelingBrain teasers and puzzles

Brainden.com has several fantastic pages with brain teasers and logic puzzles. The river crossing puzzles tend to be a student favorite. Try this and this to start, but be sure to explore some of the other pages. Answers are hidden until you click them. Don’t peek until you are sure you are ready to know the answer!

Challenge puzzles and problems: Brilliant.org has a section with questions for all levels of logic. Quiz yourself on topics ranging from symbolic logic to games of strategy.

Grid-based logic puzzles:

Solve grid-based logic puzzles online or on an app

Learn about Euler’s Konigsberg Bridges Problem

An interview with Andrew Wiles, the mathematician who finally solved Fermat’s Last Theorem in 1993.

#### Recommended sites for general math help and practice (in no particular order):

http://www.ixl.com

http://www.purplemath.com

http://www.khanacademy.org

http://www.regentsprep.org

https://www.mathsisfun.com/

http://mathforum.org/dr.math/

#### Recommended sites for students ready for an additional challenge:

http://www.brilliant.org

https://www.youtube.com/user/Vihart

http://www.khanacademy.org

### Psychology: The Journey Toward Self-Knowledge

**Lesson 1:** *The History of Psychology*

“A Learning Secret: Don’t Take Notes with a Laptop”

“10 Benefits of Writing Notes by Hand”

Crash Course, Psychology, Episode 1

Diablo Valley College Learning Style Survey

**Lesson 2:** *Psychological Research Methods*

Crash Course, Psychology, Episode 2

“The Story of Psyche and Eros”

**Lesson 3:** *Encoding and Retrieving Memories*

Feats of Memory Anyone Can Do

Remembering What Matters

**Lesson 4:** *Memory Construction and Improving Memory*

Eyewitness Testimony, Part 1

Eyewitness Testimony, Part 2

The Innocence Project

Creating False Memories

How Reliable Is Your Memory?

Forgetfulness Test

Short Term Memory Test

Test my Brain, Harvard

Lucidchart

**Lesson 5:** *The Human Brain*

The Story of Phineas Gage

Power of the Human Brain

Brain Dominance Test

Severed Corpus Callosum

“Neurotheology: This is Your Brain on Religion” (podcast)

“Hard-Wired for Faith: The Religious Experience and the Brain”

“God in the Brain? How much can ‘Neurotheology’ explain?”

Secrets of the Mind

**Lesson 6:** *The Biology of Behavior*

“Amygdala Hijack”

“How Emotionally Intelligent Are You?”

“Test Your Emotional Intelligence with Our Free EQ Quiz”

You aren’t at the mercy of your emotions—your brain creates them

**Lesson 7:** *Stress and Health*

Stress: Portrait of a Killer

Happy

**Lesson 8:** *Stress Management*

“The Tyranny of Choice” (if the first page appears blank, scroll down for the article)

Personality Type A/B

Locus of Control

Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale

The Hostility Questionnaire

Former monk talks hit meditation app Headspace

Dan Harris opens up about ‘Meditation for Fidgety Skeptics’

Headspace App

**Lesson 9:** *Developmental Psychology, Part 1*

A Change of Mind (Preoperational theory of mind)

Piaget’s Preoperational Stage

Object Concept VOE Screen Task Baillargeon

The Linguistic Genius of Babies

Piaget: Changes in Symbolic Development (Preoperational stage)

**Lesson 10:** *Developmental Psychology, Part 2*

Wild Child: The Story of Feral Children

**Lesson 11:** *Classical Conditioning*

Classical Conditioning—Ivan Pavlov

Baby Albert Experiments

Pavlov’s Dog: Can You Make a Dog Drool on Command?

**Lesson 12:** *Operant Conditioning and Learning*

Operant Conditioning

B. F. Skinner Foundation—Pigeon Ping Pong Clip

WWII Missile Guided Pigeon Project Racing Homers Used

Albert Bandura Bobo Doll experiment

Full Derek Jeter Ford commercial

**Lesson 13:** *Social Psychology, Part 1*

Milgram Experiment

Milgram Experiment (Derren Brown replication)

“Prison Psychology and the Stanford Prison Experiment” (NPR interview)

Conformity

Brown eyes and blue eyes racism experiment, Children Session—Jane Elliott

What Would You Do? Bike Theft (White Guy, Black Guy, Pretty Girl)

**Lesson 14:** *Social Psychology, Part 2*

New York Subway Hero

Born Good? Babies help unlock the origins of morality

POV Implicit Bias

Project Implicit

**Lesson 15:** *Personality Theory*

Freud’s Structure of Personality Theory

Measuring Personality: Crash Course Psychology #22

**Lesson 16:** *Personality Exploration*

Inkblot (Rorschach) and TAT (Thematic Apperception Tests) – Projective Tests

Jung Typology Test

The Big Five Project Personality Test

**Lesson 17/18:** *The End and the Beginning*

The Brain Changing Benefits of Exercise

Learned Optimism Test

“Learned Optimism: Is Martin Seligman’s Glass Half Full?”

“Optimism Test: How You can Learn to Be Optimistic”

Happiness 101: Explanatory Style (Choices)

Happiness 101: How Explanatory Style Affects Optimism (Choices)

“Social Challenges of Middle School”

“How Puberty Kills Girls’ Confidence”

### Race & Ethnic Studies

**Lesson 1**

“On Strike: Ethnic Studies—1969–1999”

**Lesson 2**

“The Bear That Wasn’t”

“Me, My Race, and I: What’s Race Got to Do with It?”

“What Is Your Heritage? Discover Your Cultural Identity”

**Lesson 3**

“Ten Things Everyone Should Know About Race”

“The Historical Origins and Development of Racism”

“Unequal Opportunity Race”

Race, The Power of An Illusion

“Who Are the Kurds?”

**Lesson 4**

“What Is Intersectionality? Let These Scholars Explain the Theory and Its History”

“Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack”

“DIS2018: Mia Mingus, opening keynote presenter”

“‘Disability Justice’ is Simply Another Term for Love”

“The Urgency of Intersectionality”

**Lesson 5**

“How Italians Became White”

“Talking About Race: Whiteness”

**Lesson 6**

“An Indigenous People’s History of the United States”

“Guatemala: Maya”

Native Land

#Changethemascot

All My Relations

Native Appropriations

**Lesson 7**

“What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?”

Episode 6: Effects of the Atlantic Slave Trade on the Americas (December 3, 2012)

“How racist policing took over American cities, explained by a historian”

“The Atlantic Slave Trade: What Too Few Textbooks Told You”

“Frederick Douglass’ Descendants Deliver His `Fourth of July’ Speech”

“Nicki Mayo: Slaved vs. Enslaved People”

**Lesson 8**

“Eduardo López: Harvest of Empire: The Untold Story of Latinos in America”

“Why We Should Drop the I-Word”

“What’s With the X In Latinx?”

“Hispanic vs. Latino vs. Latinx: A Brief History of How These Words Originated”

“Latinidad Is Being Cancelled by Afro and Indigenous People Who Do Not See Themselves Represented”

“Trader’s Joe’s removing `racist packaging’ after online petition”

“Why Mexican Americans Say `The Border Crossed Us’”

**Lesson 9**

“Beyond Activism: Four Decades of Social Justice”

“Grappling with Xenophobia Amid the Coronavirus”

“History of the Exclusion of Asian Immigrants”

“How U.S. immigration laws and rules have changed through history”

“Discovering Angel Island: The Story Behind the Poems”

**Lesson 10**

“Come September”

Arab Resource and Organizing Center

**Lesson 11**

“Why Identity Matters”

“Why Media Literacy?

“Power of POP”

“But Wait: How DOES the Media Tell You What to Think?”

“The Common Sense Census: Media Use By Tweens and Teens”

**Lesson 12**

“Why America’s Schools Have a Money Problem”

“A Decade of Research on the Rich-Poor Divide in Education”

“How the School-to-Prison Pipeline Works: And Why Black Girls Particularly Are at Risk”

“The Hidden Curriculum, Part I of 2: Norms, Values and Procedures”

Transcript: “`Lies My Teacher Told Me,’ and How American History Can Be Used as a Weapon”

Audio: “Lies My Teacher Told Me”

“Understanding Children’s Book Classifications”

“10 Tips for Talking to Kids about Race and Racism”

“`I Love My Skin!’: Why Black Parents are Turning to Afrocentric Schools”

**Lesson 13**

“Every Picture Book Author Should Make a Storyboard”

**Lesson 14**

“As liberation struggles endure, so does Chicano protest art”

“Dance of the African Diaspora: Tracing Social and Political Activism”

“Behind the Song: Nina Simone, `Mississippi Goddam’”

“Shea Diamond—`I Am American’ [Official Lyric Video]”

“Art can be a catalyst for change in Uganda”

“In Open Cut exhibition, protest art challenges visitors to take action”

“The Birth of QCC: The Center for Lesbian Gay Bi Transgender Art & Culture”

“10 Black Queer Artists Get Real About the Intersectionality of Resistance During Pride 2020”

“`Art Can Touch Our Emotional Core.’ Meet the Artists Behind Some of the Most Widespread Images Amid George Floyd Protests”

“Who We Be: Superpanel on Art, Protest, and Racial Justice”

**Lesson 15**

“The Young Lords: Its Origins and Convergences with the Black Panther Party”

“The Young Lords: Exploring the Legacy of the Radical Puerto Rican Activist Group 50 Years Later”

“The Young Lords 13 Point Program”

“The Black Panthers: 10-Point Program”

“El Plan Espiritual De Aztlán”

“Stonewall Forever: A Documentary about the Past, Present and Future of Pride”

“The Death and Life of Marsha P. Johnson”

“East L.A., 1968: `Walkout!’ The day high school students helped ignite the Chicano power movement”

**Lesson 16**

“The Efficacy of the Red Power Movement”

“Rebuilding Indigenous Nations: Native American Activism and the Long Red Power Movement”

“The Youth Group that Launched a Movement at Standing Rock”

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS)

“`Our Culture Is Beautiful’: The Voices of Indigenous TikTok

“Civil Rights Digital History Project”

“Blackhorse: Do you Prefer `Native American’ or `American Indian’?”

**Lesson 17**

“She co-founded Black Lives Matter. Here’s why she’s so hopeful for the future.”

“#SayHerName: Resisting Police Brutality against Black Women”

“Black Lives Matter explained: The History of a movement”

“Black Lives Matter group protests at Toronto Pride parade”

“Pride says it `never agreed’ to exclude police, as Black Lives Matter slams police for `pink-washing’”

“Disability Solidarity: Completing the `Vision for Black Lives’”

### Spanish I

**General**

Vocaroo.com

My.hrw.com

WordReference.com

SpanishDict.com

Spanish.typeit.org

**Lesson 2**

Numbers Song in Spanish (Cancion de los Numeros)

**Lesson 3**

Hispanic Or Latino? That Is the Question

How to Type Spanish Letters and Accents

**Lesson 4**

*Mi Vida Loca*

**Lesson 6**

Feasts: Mexico 2 of 3: *Dia de los Muertos*

**Lesson 9**

Largest U.S. Immigrant Groups Over Time, 1960–Present

**Lesson 10**

Marc Anthony: *Vivir Mi Vida*

**Lesson 12**

BBC World: *Quinceañera*

*My Dream Quinceañera: Ana*

**Lesson 14**

Bullfighting saved from the sword as Spain rules it is an artistic discipline

Works of Antoni Gaudí

**Lesson 15**

Introducing Spain

**Lesson 19**

Climbing Cotopaxi

**Lesson 20**

Wildlife Trafficking

Going to the Galápagos Is Easier and Cheaper Than Ever. That Might Not Be a Good Thing.

**Lesson 21**

An Uncommon Victory for an Indigenous Tribe in the Amazon

**Lesson 23**

Aventura—Obsesion

**Lesson 24**

One Island, Two Worlds

**Lesson 25**

State and County Quick Facts: Florida

Merengue Dance Steps: Merengue Footwork Basics

Cumbia: The Musical Backbone of Latin America

**Lesson 27**

Climate Change in Argentina is Killing Penguin Chicks

**Lesson 28**

History of Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo: Children Who Disappeared or Who Were Born in Captivity

**Lesson 29**

Sr. Wooly: Billy la Bufanda

**Lesson 30**

The Power of the Bilingual Brain

**Lesson 31**

Happy Planet Index: Costa Rica

**Lesson 32**

Red-Eyed Tree Frog

A Costa Rican Red-Eyed Tree Frog in Pictures

**Lesson 33**

Reaching for a Zero-Emission Goal

Costa Rica Recognized for Biodiversity Protection

**Lesson 34/35**

Ecuador: The Galápagos Islands and the Andes

### Spanish II

**General**

Vocaroo.com

My.hrw.com

WordReference.com

SpanishDict.com

Spanish.typeit.org

**Lesson 1**

Miami’s Latino Culture

**Lesson 2**

“Let It Go” from Frozen according to Google Translate

Norway’s Olympic team (translation error)

Destinos: An Introduction to Spanish

**Lesson 3**

What is Ecotourism

Costa Rica Ecotourism

Nicoya, Costa Rica: A Latin American Blue Zone

Blue Zone Photos: Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica

**Lesson 4**

Costa Rica: Paving the Way for Rights of Nature?

Costa Rica Country Profile

**Lesson 5**

Discover the Mysteries of Easter Island

What’s So Special about the Atacama Desert?

**Lesson 6**

The Untold Story of How Argentinian Tango Evolved

Street Argentine Tango

**Lesson 7**

Jennifer Dahlgren

Che Guevara (1928–1967)

**Lesson 8**

Classic Argentinian Alfajores Cookies

**Lesson 10**

More Photos of the Crisis in Puerto Rico

**Lesson 11**

What Do the Colors and Symbols of the Flag of Puerto Rico Mean?

Is Puerto Rice Part of the U.S.?

**Lesson 12**

The Latin Dance of Bachata

**Lesson 14**

Meet the All-Female Band Redefining Mariachi, Flor de Toloache

**Lesson 16**

23 Best Things to Do in Mexico City

**Lesson 19**

The Ambassador of Spanish Ham

Hundreds of Tons of Tomatoes Are Used as Ammo in Spain’s Tomatina Festival

**Lesson 20**

Flamenco Dance, Seville, Spain

Dancing the Flamenco: Basic Footwork

**Lesson 21**

Guernica and 30’s

**Lesson 23**

Civics Practice Test

Notable Hispanic Americans

**Lesson 24**

17 Photos that show what life is like on the U.S.-Mexico border

United States Interventions

**Lesson 25**

The Bodega Signmakers of New York

Bodegas: Living the American Dream

Hispanic/Latino Vote

**Lesson 27**

Courtyards of Latin America

**Lesson 28**

Dominican Republic

**Lesson 29**

Croc Fossil Discovered in Cave

Can You Find the Dominican Republic on a Map?

**Lesson 31**

12 Ecuadorean Bands You Should Listen To

**Lesson 32**

Preserving Lonesome George

The Theory of Evolution Has Its Origins in the Galapagos

**Lesson 33**

Otavalo: The Land of Andean Artistry

### Spanish III

**General**

Vocaroo.com

My.hrw.com

WordReference.com

SpanishDict.com

Spanish.typeit.org

How to Type Spanish Letters and Accents

**Lesson 1**

The Benefits of Learning a Second Language

Learn Spanish Gestures

**Lesson 2**

15 Encouraging Phrases a Spanish Speaker Like Me Would Love for You to Learn

Photos of the Week: 8/8–8/14 (2015)

**Lesson 3**

Tacos al pastor, classic Mexican tacos

**Lesson 4**

Growing Up Butterfly

Monarch Butterflies

How to Create Your Own Monarch Butterfly Rest Stop

**Lesson 5**

Breaking a Mexican Tradition That Excludes Women, to Keep It Alive in Brooklyn

**Lesson 6**

2 university students discover they have more in common than they thought just by saying 8 words

“Riveting Photos of Migrant Workers Remind Us Who Really Harvests Our Food”

**Lesson 7**

18 Latin American Art Museums in the United States

11 Paintings from Spanish Artists That You Can See in U.S. Museums

Smithsonian Latino Virtual Museum

**Lesson 8**

Spanish Newspapers in the U.S.

**Lesson 11**

Made in Honduras

Maquila: A Tale of Two Mexicos

Maquiladora Women (spots from the film Maquilapolis)

**Lesson 12**

Leonardo DiCaprio confiesa su gusto por las pupusas

Pupusas recipe

**Lesson 14**

Sugarcane workers in the Dominican Republic

Juan Luis Guerra, Ojala que Llueva Café

**Lesson 15**

Buena Vista Social Club “Chan Chan” at Carnegie Hall

**Lesson 16**bro

Gente de Zona: La Gozadera

Cuba (The New York Times)

Drug Runners or Dissidents?

**Lesson 19**

Nasca Lines

**Lesson 20**

Peru’s Snow Star Festival

**Lesson 21**

Evolution by Natural Selection: Darwin’s Finches

**Lesson 22**

“LatinoAmérica” by Calle 13

**Lesson 23**

Caga tió, tió de Nadal

Extra, todos los capítulos

**Lesson 24**

Building Human Towers in Spain

**Lesson 25**

Thinking of buying a deserted village in Spain?

**Lesson 27**

Why Is Colombian Coffee the World’s Favorite?

Venezuela (BBC News)

Venezuela (New York Times)

The Empty Cupboards of Venezuela’s Families

**Lesson 28**

Carlos Vives and Shakira, “La Bicicleta”

**Lesson 29**

World’s Largest Rodent

**Lesson 31**

World’s ‘poorest’ ex-president Mujica turns down pension

**Lesson 32**

Viña del Mar

**Lesson 33**

The Most Useful Language for English Speakers to Learn, According to an Economist

### U.S. Government: By the People, for the People

**General**

National Archives

U.S. Government Services and Information

The White House

Supreme Court

Congress

National Center for Constitutional Studies

United States Citizenship and Immigration Services

The Federalist Papers

The Antifederalist Papers

The Constitution of the United States

U.S. Bill of Rights

U.S. Amendments

United States Senate

United States House of Representatives

Landmark Cases of the U.S. Supreme Court

American Civil Liberties Union

The NBER/Maryland State Constitutions Project

Voices of Democracy

History

National Women’s History Museum

Biography

UShistory.org

Crash Course videos (50 in all; all are 6–9 minutes)

Websites to help you determine the accuracy of a claim:

www.procon.org

www.factcheck.org

www.politifact.com

www.snopes.com

**Lesson 1**

Our New Research Shows Where Kids Get Their News and How They Feel About It

Students Have ‘Dismaying’ Inability to Tell Fake News from Real, Study Finds

Fake News and News Bias

**Lesson 3**

6 Student Stories on Change-Makers in their Communities

**Lesson 4**

Introduction: Crash Course U.S. Government and Politics

Today’s Front Pages

**Lesson 6**

Constitute: The World’s Constitutions to Read, Search, and Compare

**Lesson 7**

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

iSideWith

Welcome to the Civics Practice Test!

**Lesson 8**

The Bicameral Congress: Crash Course Government and Politics #2

Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances: Crash Course Government and Politics #3

Gerrymandering: Crash Course Government and Politics #37

United States Senate

United States House of Representatives

Ballot Measures

Project Vote Smart

Congress.gov

Open Secrets

Database Search Tips: Overview

**Lesson 9**

Oyez

**Lesson 12**

Federalism: Crash Course Government and Politics #4

**Lesson 13**

Tribal Law and Policy Institute

National Congress of American Indians

### U.S. History

In this course, you are asked to keep track of the sources you use when researching the reading topics in each lesson. The following print publications and online sources can be used as a starting point for your research. This list is not comprehensive—you will need to do additional research to locate relevant sources of information.

Evaluating Internet Sources

The American Yawp: A Free and Online, Collaboratively Built American History Textbook

Best U.S. History Websites (EdTechTeacher)

U.S.History.org

History Matters (CUNY and George Mason University)

Have Fun With History

Notable Social Studies Trade Books for Young People (National Council for Social Studies)

SmithsonianEducation.org

African American History (Library of Congress)

*A Short History of the United States: From the Arrival of Native American Tribes to the Obama Presidency* by Robert V. Remini (Harper, 2009)

*A People’s History of the United States* by Howard Zinn (Harper, 2015)

Digital History

### Women's Literature: Worlds of Fantasy and Science Fiction

**Unit I: Fantasy**

Tam Lin

Thomas the Rhymer

Fairport Convention (song) Tam Lin

Jeremy Irons Reads TS Eliot’s “Four Quartets”

“Four Quartets” by TS Eliot (text)

**Unit II: Science Fiction**

Author website: Ursula K. Le Guin

Map of Gethen

*New Yorker* article: “The Fantastic Ursula K. Le Guin”

**Unit III: World Building**

Author website: Nnedi Okorafor

The Binti Series

### Word: The Poet's Voice

Below you will find links to each of the poems in the course, plus the spoken word performances, as well as general resources to help increase your understanding and enjoyment of poetry.

**General Resources**

How to read a poem

*Poetry Foundation*

*Academy of American Poets*

*Poetry 180*

*Poetry Soup*

*Free Word*

**Unit I: Nature**

“Crossings” by Ravi Shankar

“The Weed” by Elizabeth Bishop

“Riprap” by Gary Snyder

**Unit II: Love**

“Tonight I Can Write” by Pablo Neruda

**Unit III: Spoken Word**

“Coded language” by Saul Williams text (read text before watching performance)

“Coded language” by Saul Williams performance

“Ode to a Crossfader” by John Murrillo performance (watch performance before reading text)

“Plastic Sea” by Mirko Bonné (Note: We will focus on the third stanza, which begins with “…Each black meter of water, rolling past ominously…” and ends with “… But this here, the black water masses, such/a draggled park, never, really, no.” Feel free to read the whole poem, if you’d like, but refer to the third stanza when answering the questions in your lesson.)

“Mother’s Mouth” by Amaal Said (translated from Somali to English)

**Unit IV: The Female Voice**

“Still I Rise” by Maya Angelou

“Wallflower” by Anne Sexton

“Poetry” by Pablo Neruda

### World Geography

**Lesson 1**

Glossary of geographic terms

Reading latitude and longitude

Map projections

World’s biomes

Trees that tell a story

**Lesson 2**

World population clock

Radio around the world

**Lesson 3**

Forces that shape Earth

World glacier inventory

**Lesson 4**

Reference encyclopedia

Climate change

Humans and the Greenhouse Effect

**Lesson 6**

Percent of arable land

Canada statistics

**Lesson 7**

Demographic trends in the U.S.

Immigration Trends in the U.S.

Earliest inhabitants of North America

Population and energy consumption

**Lesson 8**

Caribbean map and facts

Ancient civilizations of Mexico

Chihuahuan Desert

Mesoamerican Reef

Corals and Coral Reefs

Plant Adaptations

Desert Animals

**Lesson 9/10**

**Lesson 11**

Andes Mountains

Amazon River

Amazon Rainforest

Galapagos Island

**Lesson 12**

Largest countries in South America

Indigenous languages of South America

Early South American civilizations

Agriculture of South America

**Lesson 14**

Natural wonders of Europe

Europe’s Alps

Mediterranean Sea

Islands of the Mediterranean

**Lesson 15**

Countries of Europe

European migrant crisis

Population data (click on individual countries)

European Union website

E.U. member nations

1000 years of European borders

Population density in Europe

**Lesson 16**

Languages spoken in Europe

Agriculture in EU member states

Air quality

Pollution as global issue

Ethnic diversity and conflict

**Lesson 18**

Wastewater treatment and water recycling

Economics of sports franchise location

Inca construction of Machu Picchu

**Lesson 19**

Natural landmarks of Russia

Kronotsky Nature Reserve

Protecting the Russian Arctic

Black Earth Belt

Russia’s climate zones

Weather data from climate stations across Russia

Tundra and taiga biomes

Steppe biome

Principle rivers of Russia

**Lesson 20**

Population density map of Russia

Russia’s demographics

Russian culture

Soviet Union timeline

Islam in Russia

Russian architecture

Censorship in Russia and the Soviet Union

Caucasus region and people

Turkic languages

Caucasian languages

**Lesson 22**

China population clock

Hong Kong territory profile

Volcanoes in the Pacific’s Ring of Fire

Chinese culture and heritage

Japanese culture

Mongolian culture

**Lesson 23**

Bhutan Gross National Happiness

Kashmir timeline

India and Pakistan’s Kashmir dispute

South Asia’s water issues

Video: Biggest cities in South Asia

Tourism in the Maldives

Natural features of India

Landmarks of Pakistan

Features and landmarks of Bangladesh

**Lesson 24**

Population data Southeast Asia

Southeast Asian nations and capitals

Natural wonders of Southeast Asia

Colonialism and nationalism

East Timor history

Vietnam country profile

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

Krakatoa volcano

Tsunami preparedness

**Lesson 25**

Natural features of Middle East

Fossil fuels in the Middle East

Religions demographics

Religious significance of Jerusalem

Arabs and the Arab world

Ethnic tensions in Afghanistan

Modern architecture of the Middle East

Video: Islamic architecture

Water desalination in the Middle East

Bedouin culture

**Lesson 28**

Africa’s climate

Sahara Desert

Kalahari Desert

Natural features of Africa

Nile River

Desertification

Sahel region

Madagascar

Video: Congo Basin

**Lesson 29**

Western Sahara dispute

Moroccan Berbers

Algeria history and demographics

Tunisian landmarks

Arab Spring

Libya landmarks

Egyptian revolution 2011 (photos)

Timeline of Egyptian revolution

Building the Great Pyramid

Ancient Egypt

Preserving antiquities

**Lesson 30**

Sub-Saharan Africa (scroll down for links to each country)

Archeological finds in Africa

African health report

Population density

Language demographics

African Food Crisis

African Union

**Lesson 32**

Great Barrier Reef

Sunscreen Is Damaging Coral Reefs

Origins of aboriginal culture

Animals of Australia

Aboriginal art

Great Artesian Basin

Australia weather and seasons

**Lesson 33**

Countries and capitals of Oceania

Types of islands

Oceania’s indigenous peoples

Nuclear testing in Oceania

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)

Lord of the Rings filming locations

**Lesson 34**

Photos of Antarctica

Antarctic wildlife

Larson C Ice Shelf

Facts about Antarctica

Ice shelf gains and losses

Video: Territorial claims

### World History: Communities and Connections

**Lesson 1:** *Agriculture and Early Civilizations*

The Cornell Note Taking System

MLA Works Cited Page: Books

MLA Works Cited Page: Periodicals

MLA Works Cited: Electronic Sources

The Agricultural Revolution: Crash Course World History #1

Google maps

Motel of the Mysteries

British Museum, London, United Kingdom

Tomb of Queen Meresankh III (g 7530-7540)

**Lesson 3:** *States and Empires in Ancient South and East Asia*

Beyond Gender: Indigenous Perspectives, Muxe

**Lesson 4:** *”Globalizing Empires” in Rome and China*

Evaluating Sources: General Guidelines

The First Dacian War: Reliefs Scene-by-Scene on Trajan’s Column in Rome

**Lesson 5:** *Migration and State-Building in Ancient Sub-Saharan Africa*

Mapped: Visualizing the True Size of Africa

5 Must-Have Google Search Tips for Students

The Library of Congress

The British Library

National Geographic

Britannica

Smithsonian Collections

Artstor

Sub-Saharan Africa

Sundjata

One of Africa’s Best Kept Secrets—Its History

**Lesson 6:** *Ancient Americans*

Archeology Program – National Parks Service

Archaeology Law & Ethics

GlobalXplorer°

Hunting for Peru’s Lost Civilizations with Satellites

GlobalXplorer° Discovery Campaign Tutorial

Google Earth

**Lesson 8:** *Secular Power and Religious Communities (600-1000 CE)*

Medieval Sourcebook: Yakut: Baghdad under the Abbasids, c. 1000 CE

Medieval Sourcebook: Charlemagne: Summons to Army, c. 804-11

Teacher’s Guides and Analysis Tool: Primary Source Analysis Tool for Students

The Demonization of Empress Wu

**Lesson 9:** *Mid-Semester Review*

Penguin Classics

**Lesson 10:** *The Afro-Eurasian Network (1000-1300 CE)*

Pepper and Partnerships

**Lesson 12:** *Dynastic States in Eurasia (c. 1350-1600 CE)*

The Prince

Medieval Sourcebook: St. Louis’ Advice to His Son

**Lesson 13:** *Contact Colonization, and Catastrophe in the Americas (1450-1600 CE)*

Bartolomé de Las Casas Describes the Exploitation of Indigenous Peoples, 1542

Americae Sive Qvartae Orbis Partis Nova et Exactissima Description

**Lesson 19:** *The Age of Revolutions (1775-1850 CE)*

Declaration of Independence: A Transcription

MHS Collections Online

A Fair Account of the Late Unhappy Disturbance at Boston in New England

**Lesson 20:** *The Industrial and Consumer Revolutions*

Lucy Parsons on Women and Revolutionary Socialism (1905)

Modern History Sourcebook: Friederich Engels: Industrial Manchester, 1844

Modern History Sourcebook: Herbert Spencer: Social Darwinism, 1857

Andrew Carnegie’s Gospel of Wealth (June 1889)

**Lesson 24:** *Anxiety and Disruption at the Turn of the Century (c. 1890-1914)*

Internet History Sourcebooks Project

**Lesson 26:** *World War I*

First World War Recruitment Posters

British Art of the First World War

The Fourteen Points

**Lesson 28:** *World War II*

The Digital Collections of the National WWII Museum

See You Next Year! High School Yearbooks from WWII

The Atlantic Charter

United Nations Charter

**Lesson 30:** *Decolonization and the Cold War, Part 1 (East, Southeast, and South Asia)*

Memo to People of Earth: ‘Third World’ Is an Offensive Term!

**Lesson 32:** *Decolonization and the Cold War, Part 3 (Europe and the Americas)*

Duck and Cover

Tom Lehrer—We Will All Go Together When We Go

**Lesson 33:** *Globalization*

How Do I Ask the Questions?” Step-by-Step Guide to Oral History

**Lesson 34:** *Global Challenges and the Anthropocene Era*

At Doom’s Doorstep: It Is 100 Seconds to Midnight